Presentation on theme: "By Denis Vorotynets Grade 6 A Slonim gymnasium 1 Belarus."— Presentation transcript:
by Denis Vorotynets Grade 6 A Slonim gymnasium 1 Belarus
Martagon lily Name also: Turk’s Cap Lily Family: Lily Family – Liliaceae Growing form: Perennial herb. Bulb underground. Height: 70–150 cm (28–60 in.). Stem rigid, unbranched, middle part leafy, glabrous–hairy, green– violet. Flower: Perianth regular (actinomorphic), purple–dark red (occasionally white), approx. 4–5 cm (1.6–2 in.) wide. Tepals 6 in 2 similar whorls, recurved, with purple or brown spots. Stamens 6. Gynoecium composed of 3 fused carpels, ovary trilocular, style solitary. Inflorescence a 5–10(-20)-flowered raceme, flowers nodding. Leaves: At base a 4–9 leaf whorl, alternate at top. Blade elliptic–spatulate, flat, parallel-veined, with entire margin. Fruit: Spatulate, 6-edged, 3-parted capsule. Habitat: Yards, parks, gardens, forest margins, broadleaf woods. Ornamental, quite often an escape and leftover from cultivation. Flowering time: July–August. Martagon lily (Lilium martogon) is considered to be extremely rare in many parts of our country and should be protected.
Japanese Borodatka Japanese Borodatka (Pogonia japonica) is a surprisingly effective flower which belongs to the family of orchids. It is considered a rare species, listed in the Red Book and protected by the state. Japanese Borodatka is an elegant plant which can be 20-40 cm long. There are scale-like leaves at the bottom of the thin stem, above them there are two long (about 10 cm) lancet-shaped leaves. In July and August the Japanese borodatka blooms. A large pink flower with three blades with the middle lobe bent downward appear. It grows in meadows and swamps.
Marsh gale The Marsh gale (Myrica gale) is a rare shrub which is included in the Red Book and is under state protection. It is a deciduous shrub growing to 1–2 m tall, covered with golden color and essential oil glands. Gale marsh has bluish-gray leaves and flowers in hanging catkins. Common names include Bog Myrtle and Sweet Gale. The leaves are spirally arranged, simple, 2–5 cm long, oblanceolate with a tapered base and broader tip, and a crinkled or finely toothed margin. The flowers are catkins, with male and female catkins on separate plants (dioecious). This dioecious shrub grows in marshy meadows, near the grass and black alder swamps and bogs. The gale marsh is a medicinal plant and is valued for its spicy and aromatic properties. No wonder that people often call it "pahuchkoy." In the old days in Norway, he was considered one of the most important components of ale.
Lunar coming to life Lunar coming to life (Lunria rediviva) is a plant belonging to the family of cruciferous plants. It is considered a rare species and is listed in the Red Book of the Baltic region. It is a large perennial plant 1 m high. It has high straight hairy stems with whitish hairs. Its leaves are arranged on petioles and have an oval shape. The lower leaves are toothed edges, similar to the heart. It has purple flowers, reaching a diameter of 4 cm, collected in inflorescence - panicle. In August the Lunar reviving has ripe fruit - large lanceolat-shaped pods. It grows in shady mixed forests, on loose clay soils and prefers windless, irrigated plots.
Moonwort Moonworts are ferns, seedless vascular plants, of the genus Botrychium. They are small, with fleshy roots, and reproduce by spores shed into the air. One part of the leaf, the trophophore, is sterile and fernlike; the other, the sporophore, is fertile and carries the clusters of sporangia or spore cases. Some species only occasionally emerge above ground and gain most of their nourishment from an association with mycorrhizal fungi. The Moonwort simple (Botrychium simplex) is a dwarf perennial plant belonging to the family of uzhovnikovyh. It is a relict species, and is included in the Red Book and are under state protection. This fern, can be only 8-15 cm high. Its leaves are elliptical segments. The seeds ripen from June to August. It’s suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. The Moonwort simple grows along the coasts of lakes and gentle slopes of rivers. Moonwort has a long reputation as a vulnerary herb, the leaves are used externally as an ointment or taken internally. They are also used in the treatment of ruptures and dysentery.
Dwarf euonymus The Dwarf Burning Bush is one of the most beautiful of all shrubs, becomes a different color with each season. Thick, green foliage in summer with orange-red berries. In the fall its color is brilliant coppery- crimson tinged rose. An unusual corky bark adds to the winter appearance of this marvelous shrub. It is about half as high as the species and is just as wide as it is tall. An excellent hedge or screen, its leaves turn brilliant red in the fall. Greenish yellow flowers are inconspicuous and are followed by small red fruits. Twigs are corky and winged. Looks very interesting in winter.