Vocabulary Chaparral : vegetation consisting chiefly of tangled shrubs and thorny bushes Shrub : a woody plant that is smaller than a tree
Where’s It At Though? Mediterranean Coast of North Africa, South Europe and West Asia Coordinates: 35°N 18°E
The Mediterranean Region
Climate Hot and Dry Summers (105°F) Cool and Moist Winters (50°F) Moderate amount of rain (15 to 40 inches of rain per year)
Plants Salvia Microphylla Grows well in both dry heat and frost and snow. Hardenbergia alba Able to withstand temperature extremes, lack of water and wind. Aromatic Shrubs Sagebrush Acacia These plants also have little hairs on their leaves to collect moisture from the air
Animals Many of the Animals are small and nocturnal Not many large animals simply because of the heat Golden Jackal In the winter, the Jackal grows a thick coat of hair Helps the environment by keeping the rodent, gazelle, bird and frog population down.
Animals cont. Bezoar Goat A special adaption of a goat is it’s wool, which helps it survive in the harsh mountain climate. Also, it’s horns helps it defend itself and fight for females. Armadillo Withstand warm weather Beaver
Invasive Species Spanish Broom Spread rapidly and produces seeds that are transported by any type of erosion or rain wash Quickly colonizes disturbed habitats and develops thick shrub communities that prevent colonization Plant grows to human head height and form a tangle containing a large amount of dead wood Considered a fire hazard
Human Impact Due to dry climate, Chaparral areas are at high risk for wildfires often occur due to human error or natural causes. Climate change because of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere during fossil fuel use. The gases explain roughly half of the increased dryness.
Sources Kevin S. (2001). Mediterranean Chaparral. Retrieved from parral.htm (Oct ) parral.htm Woodward, Susan (2012) Mediterranean Scrub. Retrieved from page_id=98 (Oct ) page_id=98 Julius L. (2001). Mediterranean Chaparral Animals. Retrieved from p_animal_page.htm (Oct ) p_animal_page.htm