Asexual Reproduction little genetic variation has genes identical to its parent’s
Advantages of Asexual Reproduction identical plants saves time saves money
Types of Asexual Reproduction Vegetative reproduction Vegetative propagation
Vegetative Reproduction The growth of a new plant from a stem, leaf, or root (something other than a seed).
Vegetative Propagation Man’s use of vegetative reproduction to grow a new plant from a root, stem, or leaf.
Types of Vegetative Propagation that are induced cuttings (or slip) layering grafting
Cuttings (or slip) A piece of a stem, leaf, or root which is capable of growing into a new plant.
Cuttings (or slip) Cuttings are possible because certain types of plants are able to sprout special types of roots at the cut end of their stems. Adventitious roots When a yellow-flowering hedge shrub is trimmed, a new shrub may be started by simply sticking a trimmed stem into the ground.
Layering A branch is exposed to the soil, allowed to form roots, and then separated from the parent plant. Vineyards use this method to quickly reproduce a desirable variety of grapes.
Grafting The process of transplanting living tissue from one plant to another. Used to propagate seedless plants: grapes, navel oranges
Grafting This tree was developed by the West family in New South Wales, Australia and the process involves grafting branches from compatible fruit trees onto one. The result is 4 different trees each with there own variety of fruit.
Grafting For example there is a stone fruit tree with apricots, peaches, plums, nectarines and peachcots; a citrus tree with oranges, mandarins, lemons, limes, tangellos, grapefruit; a multiple apple tree, and a pear tree.
Types of Vegetative Propagation that are natural underground stolons (mints) rhizomes (cattails) corms (gladiolus) bulbs (onion) tubers (Irish potatoes) runners (strawberries)