Presentation on theme: "Floral Design What is the history of floral design and what are some techniques used by florists?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Floral DesignWhat is the history of floral design and what are some techniques used by florists?
2 Key Questions How were flowers used in past civilizations? How can you increase flower vase life?What are the rules that control correct color use?What are the four major wiring techniques?What are the different types of permanent flowers?
3 How were flowers used in past civilizations? Classical flower arrangingEgyptiansUsed flowers to beautify homesUsed flowers as offerings to gods in ceremoniesCreated simple designsUsed roses, narcissus, water lilies, bachelor buttons, violets
4 Greeks Romans Scattered petals on ground during festivals Made floral wreaths to be worn or carriedRomansFloral garland- a rope-like arrangement, similar to a wreath without the circular form
5 European Floral Design Rooted in Greek and Roman culturesDesign periodsRenaissanceBaroqueFlemishVictorian
6 Oriental Floral Design Buddhist priest used flowering shrub branches in ceremoniesChinese priests used large pottery urns, rather than placing the branches directly on the altarIkenobo designDeveloped by JapaneseHad specific written rulesEach flower has a specific meaning and exact location in an arrangement
7 American Floral Design Victorian design style- pattern of early American design style brought from EuropeWilliamsburg design style- American version of Victorian style.Large round floral arrangements using different kinds and colors of flowersCorsage- small bouquet for a woman to wear, became popular in the 1920s
8 How can you increase the vase life of flowers? Most cut flowers imported from South AmericaConditioning cut flowers1. Remove excess foliage and thornsRemove any leaves below water in bucketBacteria will quickly decompose leavesThorns may damage other flowers2. Re-cutting stemsBubbles of air in stem block water uptakeMake fresh cut removing ½” to 1” of old stemMake fresh cut under water to prevent new air bubbles
9 3. Flower preservatives 4. Water for flowers Chemicals added to water to increase vase life of cut flowersPrevent bacterial growthVase life- period of time after cutting flowers that they can be held and look goodAlways use plastic buckets4. Water for flowersUse warm tap water ( degrees)Place in degree cooler
10 What are the rules that control correct color use? Color is the most important element in visual artsPrimary colorsRed, Yellow, BlueSecondary ColorsGreen= blue + yellowViolet= blue + redOrange= red + yellow
11 Hue- pure color without adding black or white Red and yellowWarm colorsAdvance to viewerBlue and greenCold colorsMove away from viewerHue- pure color without adding black or whiteTint- white added to huesShade- black added to hues
12 Analogous colors- hues next to each other on the color wheel Analogous color scheme- combining three touching huesComplementary colors- hues directly opposite each other, one primary the other secondary
13 What are the art principles used in floral design? Proportion and scaleProportion- pleasing relationship in size and shapeScale- deals with relative size among thingsHeight of arrangement to container size-Tall containers- 11/2 to 2 times as tall as the height of the containerLow containers- 11/2 to 2 times as tall as the width of the container
14 BalancePhysical balance- actual stability of plant materials, will not fall overVisual balance- perception of arrangement being in balance in appearanceSymmetrical balance- two equal halves when vertical line drawn through centerAsymmetrical balance- two halves not equal- informal
15 Rhythm Dominance Related, orderly organization of design elements One design element is more prevalent than other elements
16 Ten cardinal design rules Create arrangement height with placement of first flowerWork down from top of arrangement to the containerPlace small flower or buds at top of the arrangementPlace large flowers near the containerUse light color flowers near the top of the arrangementUse dark color flowers near the container
17 7. Place flowers at the top of arrangements farther apart. 8. Place flowers near the container closer together.9. Start at the back of the arrangement and work toward the front.10. Establish the focal point at the top edge of the container.
18 What are the four major wiring techniques? Florist wire is 18” long with diameter fo #18 to #30Smaller #= larger diameterLarger #= smaller diameterNumber 18, 20, and 22 wire used for funeral bouquets and other floral arrangementsNumber 24 to 30 used for corsage and wedding bouquetsFloral tape- floral stem wrap to cover wires
19 Pierce Method Daisy Hook Method Wrap-around method Splinting method Works best on flowers with large calyxEx. Roses and carnationDaisy Hook MethodWorks best for corsages and boutonnieres made of daisiesWrap-around methodUsed to make a small cluster of filler flowers for corsages or wedding bouquetsSplinting methodHelps support weak flower stemsRoses and carnation usually need support
20 What are the different types of permanent flowers? 1950s- manufactured plastic flowers became popularSilk flower- artificial flowers made of polyester, introduced in the 1970sNatural material- dried flowers and weeds used in arrangements