Presentation on theme: "Presentation by Dr. A. P. Singh, IFS Conservator of Forests"— Presentation transcript:
1Threatened Medicinal Plants Diversity of Gujarat : Its Conservation and Development Measures Presentation byDr. A. P. Singh, IFSConservator of ForestsGujarat Forestry Development ProjectGujarat State, Gandhinagar
2Introduction - So far, 04.13 lacs plants identified on the globe. Out of lacs, lacs are Angiosperms.So far, 45,364 plants identified in India.Out of 45,364 plants, 17,500 are Angiosperms.So far, 4,327 plants identified in GujaratOut of 4,327 plants, 2,205 are Angiosperms.About 8,000 M.P. are identified in IndiaOut of 8,000 M.P. about 800 are widely utilized.About 1,315 M.P. are identified in Gujarat.Out of 1,315 M.P., about 270 are widely utilized.There are 409 licensed Pharmacies in GujaratOut of 409 Pharmacies, 47 are GMP holders.
3Historical Importance of Medicinal Plants Sacred literature – Vedas and many other important collection by Great Sages & Saints mentioned the importance of Medicinal Plants as -Rigveda prescribes - 67 Medicinal PlantsYajurveda prescribes M.P.Atharvveda prescribes M.P.Brahamana prescribes – 130 M.P.Charaksamhita to 450 M.P.Shusrutsamhita M.P.Dhanvantri Nighantu M.P. based drugsRaja Nighantu prescribes about 750 Plant based drugsMadanpala & Bhavprakash prescribes about 569 Plant based drugs
4Threatened Diversity of Medicinal Plants- Out of 1,315 identified M.P. in Gujarat, 1,016 are wild and rest 299 are cultivated as crops & plantations.Out of identified M.P., 248 are Tree species ,165 Shrubs, 148 Climbers and 754 Herbs.Out of 270 widely utilized M.P., 201 species (74%) are indigenous to Gujarat .Other 69 species (26%) are procured from other states.Out of 201 M.P., 148 species (74%) are growing in wild.Other 53 species (26%) are cultivated as cropsOut of 148 indigenous plants, 48 species of trees (32%), 22 species of shrubs (15%), 28 species of climbers (19%) and 50 species of herbs(34%).Out of 148 M.P. (50), 48 trees (16), 22 Shrubs (08), 28 Climbers (12), 50 Herbs (14) are discussed as threatened
5Trees S.No. Local Name Botanical Name Family 1 Harde Terminalia chebulaCombretaceae2ArjunT. arjuna3Ashok*Saraca asocaCaesalpinaceae4KanchnarBauhinia variegata5SivanGmelina arboreaVerbinaceae6ChandanSantalum albumSantalaceae7PatlaStereospermum suaveolensBignoniaceae8TetuOroxylum indicum9RagatrohidoTecomella undulata10Kadvo SargvoMoringa concanensisMoringaceae5
6Shrubs S.No. Local Name Botanical Name Family 11 Kapilo Mallotus phillipinensisEuphorbiaceae12BhilamoSemecarpus anacardiumAnacardiaceae13SalaiBoswellia serrataBurseraceae14Vai-varnoCrateva nurvalaCapparaceae15BiyoPterocarpus marsupiumFabaceae16KadayoSterculia urensSterculiaceaeShrubs1GuggalCommiphora wightii2VavdingEmbelia ribesMyrsinaceae3ArniClerodendron PhlomidisVerbinaceae4DantiBaliospermum montanum5DhavdiWoodfordia fruticosaLythraceae
7Climbers S.No. Local Name Botanical Name Family 6 Ankol Alagium salvifoliumAlangiaceae7BharangmoolClerodendron serratumVerbinaceae8MindhanRandia dumentorumRubiaceaeClimbers1GaloTinospora cordifoliaMenispermaceae2PathaCyclea peltata3ShatawariAsparagus racemosusLiliaceae4VachhnagGloriosa superba5DodiLeptadenia reticulataAsclepiadaceaeAnantmoolHemidesmus indicusMalkangniCelastrus paniculataCelastraceaeGarniClitoria ternateaFabaceae
8Herbs S.No. Local Name Botanical Name Family 9 Hadsankad Cissus quadrangularisVitaceae10ShikakaiAcacia concinaMimosaceae11VidarikandPueraria tuberosaFabaceae12Kadva ParvarTrichosanthes cucumerinaCucurbitaceaeHerbs1SatodiBoerhavia diffusaNyctaginaceae2KidamariAristilochia bracteolataAristilochiaceae3NeerbrahmiBacopa monnieriScrophulariaceae4BrahmiCentella asiaticaApiaceae5ChitrakPlumbago zeylanicaPlumbaginaceae6SennaCassia angustifoliaCaesalpinaceae7KariyatuAndorgraphis paniculataAcanthaceae8BalaSida cordifoliaMalvaceaeShalparniDesmodium gangeticum
10Habit wise utility of Medicinal Plants Trees : Herde (Terminalia Chebula) :Habitat –Throughout India, Dangs area of Gujarat, Fruit is used.Medicinal Use – Traditional – Paste of fruit pulp with honey given indiarrhoea of childrenClassical - Rasayan, Constipation, Skin diseases, an ingredient of Triphala.Ulcers, sore throat, anaemia, elephantiasis, indigestion, epilepsy,leprosy, asthma and diabetes.Classical drugs – Triphla churna, Triphla Gugal, Shivkshar Pachan churna,Triphla Ghrit2. Arjun (Terminalia arjuna) :Habitat –In plains of india with foothills of Himalayas, North, South andEastern Gujarat, Bark is Used.Medicinal Use – Heart disorders, Fractures, bleeding piles, ulcers, sexualdebilityClassical Drugs – Arjunarishta, Arjuna ghriut, Arjun kwath, Arjun kshir-pak,Prabhakar vati, Arjun churna.3 Ashok (Saraca asoca) :Habitat- Naturally occurring in South India, ornamental plant in GujaratBark is used.Medicinal Use - Women disorders, Diabetes, Vitiated condition of Pitta,dysentery,Classical Drug – Ashokarishta, Ashokavaleha, Ashoka ghrita, Ashoka Kshar,Tincture and oil
11Habitat –Throghout india and Gujarat, Root is used. 4. Sivan (Gmelina arborea) :Habitat –Throghout india and Gujarat, Root is used.Medicinal Use - Used in Skin diseaese, leprosy, Ulcers etc,Classical Drugs– Dashmularishta, Dashmula Kwath, Panchmulyadikwath.5. Chandan (Santalum album) :Habitat – Naturally found in South India and Gujarat, Heart wood is usedMedicinal Use - Vitiated conditions of Pitta, jaundice, cough, bronchitis etc.Classical Drugs – Chandanadi churna, Chandanadi vati, Chandanasava,Chandanabalalakshadi taila6 Patla (Stereospermum suaveolens) :Habitat – Throughout India and South Gujarat Forests, Root is Used.Medicinal Use – Traditional use – Flower used for purifying water.Classical - Blood purifier, appetizer, diuretic, febrifuge, cooling,aphrodisiac etc.Classical Drugs – Brihat Panchmuladi Kwatha, Dashmula Kwatha,Dashmularishta.
127. Tetu (Oroxylum indicum) : Habitat –Throughout India and Gujarat, Root is Used.Medicinal Use - Vitiated condition of Vata and Kapha, cancer, Dropsy,Cough, asthma etcClassical Drugs - Dashmula Kwath, Dashmularishta, Panchmulyadi kwath.8. Ragat Rohido (Tecomella undulata) :Habitat –Drier parts of India and Kachchh, Saurashtra and North Gujarat, BarK is UsedMedicinal Use - Skin disorders, jaundice, liver disorders, diabetes, cancer,obesity etc.Classical Drugs – Rohitakarishta, Rohitaka grhrita, Rohitaka churna,Rohitaka lauha, Rohitakasava.9. Kadvo Saragvo (Moringa Concanensis) :Habitate - All over india and Gujarat, Bark is used.Medicinal Use – Traditional – Bark decoction in throat cancer.Classical - Vitiated conditions of Vata and Kapha, inflammation etc.Classical Drugs -
1310. Vai Varno (Crataeva nurvala) : Habitat –Throughout india and south Gujarat Forests, Bark is used.Medicinal Use – Traditional - Bark is used in family planningClassical - Vitiated Conditions Vata and Kapha, Heart trouble, Colic, cancer,cough, tubercular glands, inflammations etc.Classical Drugs - Varunadi Kwatha, Varunadya taila, Extract, Varunarishta11. Kapilo (Mallotus phillipinensis) :Habitat –Throughout india with foothills of Himalayas and South Gujarat, Fruithair is used.Medicinal use - Vitiated Conditions Vata and Kapha, wounds, cough, ulcers,poisonous affections, scabies, rignworm etc.Classical Drugs – Kampillaka malhara, Krimighatini vati, Bidnughrita12 Bhilamo (Semecarpus anacardium)Habitat – Throughout India and South Gujarat, Fruit is used.Medicinal Use – Traditional – Bhilama oil with charoli oil applied externallyin arthritis,Classical - vitiated conditions of Kapha and Vata, fever, diabetes, cancerClassical Drugs - Bhallataka taila, Bhallataka avaleha, Bhallataka parpati,Chincha bhallataka vati, Narsinh churna, Amrut bhallatakaBhallatak manjan, Bhallatakadi lep, Bhallatak pak.
1413. Salai (Boswellia serrata) : Habitat –Central and Northern India and North, Eastern and South Gujarat,Gum is used.Medicinal Use - Traditional – Gum is used to purify air (Dhoop)Classical – Vitiated conditions of Pitta, Asthma, ulcers, skin diseases andrheumatism14. Kanchnar (Bauhinia variegata) :Habitat – Throughout India as Natural and Ornamental Tree and Gujarat, Bark is used.Medicinal use - Traditional– Skin and throat knots remedyClassical – Pitta and Kapha, diarrhoea, skin diseases, leprosy, wounds,ulcers, inflammation, scrofula etc.Classical Drugs – Kanchnar guggulu, Kanchnarishta, Kanchnaradi kwath,Kanchan gutica, Tincture of B. varjegata.15 Biyo (Pterocarpus marsupium) :Habitat –Throughout india and South Gujarat, Heart wood and bark is used.Medicinal Use – Traditional – Gum is used in tooth ache and leave pest isapplied in wounds. Wooden glass for diabetes.Classical – vitiated conditions of Kapha and Pitta, leprosy, skin diseases,diabetes, ophthalmopathy, diarrhoea, Cough, sexual debility,asthma etcClassical Drugs - Kandasara kwatha, Bijakasav, tooth powder.
15Shrubs 16. Kadhayo ( Sterculia urens) : Habitat – Throughout India and Gujarat, Gum is used.Medicinal Use - General debility, diabetes, lumbago, strangury, diarrhoea,dysentery,Classical Drugs - Padarantak yog, Kasvijay Churna.Shrubs1. Guggal (Commiphora wightii) :Habitat – Pakistan, Afghanistan, India (Rajshthan and Gujarat), Gum is usedMedicinal Use –Traditional – The gum is applied on skin wounds and irritationsClassical – Vitiated Conditions of Vata, Gout, Sciatica, Facial paralysis,Arthritis etcMedicines – Yograja guggulu, Sinhanada guggulu, triphla gugal, Kanchnarguggulu, Lakshadi guggulum, Kanchnar Guggal2. Vavding (Embelia ribes) :Habitat –South india and South Gujarat, Fruit is used.Medicinal Use - Traditional – Fruit powder is given with Jiggery for intestinalworms in childrenClassical – Vitiated Conditions of vata, piles, leucoderma, paralysis, colic,constipation, ringworm infestation etcMedicines – Vidangadi churna, Vidanga Taila, Vidangarishta, Sanjivani Vati,Maha Manjishtadi kwath,15
16Habitat –Throughout India and South Gujarat, Flowers are used. 3. Arni (Clerodendron Phlomidis) :Habitat – Throughout India and Gujarat, Root is usedMedicinal Use –asthma, obesity, diarrhoea, piles, rheumatism etc.Classical Drugs - Dashmula kwatha, Dashmularishta, Agnimantha kwatha,Ointment (lep) and essential oil.4. Danti (Baliospermum montanum) :Habitat –Throughout India, North and South Gujarat, Roots is used.Medicinal Use - flatulence,constipation, jaundice, leprosy, vesical calculi,wounds, anaemia, leucoderma, fever and vitiated conditionof Vata.Classical Drugs - Dantyarishta, Dantyadi churna, Danti haritakiDhavdi (Woodfordia fruticosa) :Habitat –Throughout India and South Gujarat, Flowers are used.Medicinal Use - Traditional – Flowers used fermentationClassical – Vitiated Condition Kapha and Pitta, bleeding, infertility, skindiseases, diarrhoea, diabetes,Classical Drugs – Dhatakyadi taila, Dhatakyadi churna, Pushyanug churna,Dhatakyadi Kwath, Rasamrut ras16
17Habitat – Throughout india and North Gujarat, Fruit is used. 6. Ankol (Alagium salvifolium) :Habitat –Throughout India and Gujarat, Seed oil is used.Medicinal Use – Traditional – Fruits eaten to enhance eye sight.Classical -Rheumatism, Leprosy etc.Classical Drugs - Ankoladi taila, Tincture of A. Salvifolium7. Bharangmool (Clerodendron serratum) :Habitat –Throughout India and Gujarat (Dangs), Root is used.Medicinal Use - Vitiated conditions of Kapha and Vata, scrofula, piles,cough,asthma, bronchitis, dropsy, constipation, chronicnasitis, leucoderma, leprosy, fevers, epilepsy etc.Classical Drugs - Bharangyadi kwatha, Bharangyadi ghrita, Bharangyadi lep,Kanakasava. Ashwagandhadi churna. Bharangyadiavieha, Bharangyasav8. Mindhan (Randia dumentorum) :Habitat – Throughout india and North Gujarat, Fruit is used.Medicinal Use - Tradition – Causing Vomiting in emergency and onsnake bite.Classical - Vitiated conditions of Pitta and Kapha, inflammations,leprosy, skin diseases, wounds, ulcers, tumours, cough,asthma, debility, fever etc.Classical Drugs - Randia oil, Madanadi churna, Madan lepa, Madanphaladi yog, Madanadi lep.17
18Habitat –Throughout India and Gujarat, Stem is Used. Climbers1. Galo (Tinospora cordifolia) :Habitat –Throughout India and Gujarat, Stem is Used.Medicinal Use - Traditional –Stem extractions use for all kinds offevers, Stems are fed to cattles to increasemilk productionClassical – Vitiated conditions of vata, arthritis, cancer, liver disorders,leprosy, cough, genreal debility. It is also a important Rasayana.Classical Drugs – Rasayana Churna, Samshamani Vati, Amrita kwath,Amrita Guggulu, Amritarishta, Bal sogathi, Guduchi satva,Guduchi ghrpt, Guduchi extract, Galo Ghanvati2. Shatawari (Asparagus racemosus) :Habitat –Throughout India and Gujarat, Roots are used.Medicinal Use - Traditional Juice of roots is fed to mothers to increase milk.Classical – nervous disorders, acidity, diarrhoea, inflammations, tumours, Vitiated condition and Vata and Pitta, Scalding of urineMedicines – Shatavari Ghrita, narayan taila, Shatavari Syrup, ShatavariChurna3. Dodi (Leptadenia reticulata) :Habitat –North & South India and Gujarat, Whole Plant is used.Medicinal Use -Traditional – A very good remedy for eye diseases and poorvision. Leaves and Tender Fruits are used asvegetable to decrease eye numbers.Classical – Ophthalmopathy, cough, night blindness, fever.Medicines –Jivantyadi Ghrita, Jivantyadi Lep, Jivantanti Churna.18
19Habitat –Throughout and Gujarat, Root is used. 4. Anantmool (Hemidesmus indicus) :Habitat –Throughout and Gujarat, Root is used.Medicinal Use - Leprosy, Skin diseases, asthma, fever and general debilityClassical Drugs – Sarivadyasava, Sarivadi vati, Sarivadyavaleha,5. Malkangni (Celastrus paniculata)Habitat –Throughout india and Gujarat, Seed oil is used.Medicinal Use - Traditional – Flowers eaten as vegetable and fruits pickled.Classical – Good antidote for opium poisoning, stimulant, digestive, anti-inflammatory, brain tonicClassical Drugs - Jyotishmati Taila, Jyotishmati Gutica and Jyotismati Lep.6. Vachhnag (Gloriosa superba) :Habitat – Southern and Eastern India and Central and South Gujarat,Roots are used.Medicinal Use - Traditional – Root paste applied externally in eczemaovernightClassical – Vitiated conditions of Kapha and vata, Fever, cancer,inflammations Promoting labour pain and expulsion of placentaMedicines – Langli Rasayan, Kanakadi vati, Kashisadi taila19
207. Patha (Cyclea peltata) : Habitat –Throughout India and Gujarat, Roots is used.Medicinal Use - Traditional – Good drug for all types of fever and urinarytract diseases.Classical – Vitiated conditions of Kapha, Dysentery, fever, wounds, vomiting,and cardiac disordersClassical Drugs – Pathadi churna, pathadi ghrita, pathadi taila,8. Garni (Clitoria ternatea) :Habitat – Throughout India and Gujarat, Whole Plant is used.Medicinal Use - Ophthalmopathy, Piles, Migraine, insanity, Skindiseases, vitiated conditions of Pitta and fevers9. Hadsankad (Cissus quadragularis) :Habitat –North and South India, Whole Plant is used.Medicinal Use - Traditional – Used for bone fractures and dislocations.Classical – Vitiated conditions of Vata and kapha, asthma, colic, leprosy,epilepsy, fractures, swellingsClassical Drugs– Asthisandhan lepa, Narayan mandur, Loknath ras,Lakshadi gugglu.20
21Habitat –Throughout India and North & South Gujarat, Fruits are used. 10. Shikakai (Acacia Sinuata)Habitat –Throughout India and North & South Gujarat, Fruits are used.Medicinal Use - Traditional – Used for washing hair in combination withamla and aritha.Classical – Vitiated conditions of Pitta, burning sensation, leucoderma andeczemaClassical use– Shikakai Soap and shampoo11. Vidarikand (Pueraria tuberosa)Habitat –Throughout and Gujarat, Root is used.Medicinal Use – A good Rasayan used in Rheumatism, Swellings, ulcers,diarrhoea, sexual debility, liver disorders.Classical Drugs - Vidarikand churna, Kamdev modak12. Kadva Parvar (Trichosanthes cucumerina) :Habitat –Throughout India and Gujarat, Whole plant is used.Medicinal Use - Vitiated conditions of Pitta, burning sensation, fever, piles,leprosy, jaundice, toxiemia, acidity etc.Classical Durgs - Patoladi Kwath, Patoladi ghrita, Patoladi churna.21
22Herbs 1. Satodi (Boerhavia diffusa) : Habitat –Throughout India and Gujarat, Root is used.Medicinal Use -Traditional – Kwath given in internal and external pain andswellings.Classical – Inflammations, leucorrhoea, ophthalmia, lumbago, jaundice,anaemia, cough and general debilityClassical Drugs – Punarnavashtak kwatha, Punarnavasava,Punarnavadi Kwath2. Kidamari (Aristilochia bracteolata) :Habitat –Bengal and South Gujarat, Leaves are used.Medicinal Use – Traditional – Leaf juice to expel worms from ear.Classical - with honey.Vitiated conditions of Kapha and Vata, intestinalworms, foul ulcers, boils, skin diseases and intermittend fevers3. Neerbrahmi (Bacopa monnieri) :Habitat –Throughout India and Central & South Gujarat,Tender shoots are used.Medicinal Use -Insanity, tumours, ulcers, skin diseases, vitiated conditions ofKapha and vata, to increase memory powerClassical Drugs - Brahmi panaka, Brahmi taila, Sarasvatarishta,Sarasvata ghrita and Brahmi churna and syrup.22
23Habitat –Western and Southern India and Gujarat, Root is used. 4. Brahmi (Centella asiatica)Habitat – Eastern and Southern India, Whole plant is used.Medicinal Use - Vitiated conditions of Pitta, Insomnia, cardiac debility,epilepsy, hoarseness, leprosy and to increase memorypower, It is also a Rasayan.Classical Drugs- Brahmi Rasayan, Brahmi Vati, Brahmi Taila.5. Chitrak (Plumbago zeylanica) :Habitat –Western and Southern India and Gujarat, Root is used.Medicinal Use - Traditional – Root paste applied on eczema.Classical – Indigestion, worms, obesity, inflammations, leprosy,itchy skin problems.Classical Drugs - Chitrakadi vati, Chitraka ghrita, Chitrakadi Churana6. Senna (Cassia angustifolia) :Habitat –South India, North Gujarat and Saurashtra. Leaves are used.Medicinal Use - Constipation, leprosy, leucoderma, cough, typhoid fever andvitiated conditions of Pitta and vataClassical Drugs - Yashtyadi Churna, Dindayal Churna, Malasuddhi Churna,Senna Tea and Senna churna23
24Habitat – Throughout india and Gujarat, Whole plant is used. 7. Kariyatu (Andrographis paniculata) :Habitat –Throughout Indian plains and Central and Northern Gujarat. Whole plant usedMedicinal Use - Traditional – Decoction is given in all kinds of feverClassical – Buring sensation, ulcers, all types of fevers, cough, skin diseases, leprosy,colic, and vitiated conditions of PittaClassical Drugs - Kalmegh Churna, Kalmeghasava, Sudarshan churna.8. Bala (Sida cordifolia) :Habitat – India – Throughout india and Gujarat, Root and seeds are used.Medicinal Use - Traditional – Brush prepared from roots chewed in ashthmaand rheumatism and to release milk frombreast in mothers.Classical – Leucorrhoea, asthma, sexual debility, general debility, arthrits, insanity, rheumatism, diabetesClassical Drugs - Baladi Kwath, Baladi Ghrita, Baladi Taila.9. Shalparni (Desmodium gangeticum) :Habitat – Throughout india and Gujarat, Whole plant is used.Medicinal Use- Important ingredient of Dashmulla, used in vitiatedconditions of Vatta, Indigestion, dyspepsia, dysentery, fever,coughs and a tonic.Classical Drugs - Shalaprnyadi kwath, Dashmularishta, Dashmoola kwath24
2510. Prushnaparni (Uraria picta) : Habitat –Open forests of india and Gujarat, Whole plant is used.Medicinal Use Important ingredient of Dashmulla, used in swellings, Hearttroubles, fevers, rheumatism, piles, fractures, skin diseasesClassical Drugs - Dasamoola Kwath, Dashmularishta and Mahasudarshanchurna11. Pevto (Costus speciosus) :Habitat – Throughout india and Gujarat, Root is used.Medicinal Use - Traditional - Eaten as food in scarcity by Tribals of Bastar in Chhatisgadh.Classical – General debility, in Worms,, Sexual debility, Skin deseases,and in the treatment of lumbagoClassical Drugs – Churna12. Shankhpushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis) :Habitat –Throughout india and Gujarat , Whole plant is used.Medicinal Use – A good rasayan, used in High blood pressure, sexualdebility, diabetes, swellings, to increase memory power,insanity, hair disorders, skin disordrs and heart trouble.Classical Drugs - Sarasvat churna, Shankhpushpi churna, MedhyaRasayana, Shankhvali churna, Shankhpushpi syrup25
2613. Kamal (Nelumbo nucifera) : Habitat –Throughout india and Gujarat, Root and seed is used.Medicinal Use - Traditional – Seed churna is given in smallpox.Classical –Vitiated conditions of pitta, vomiting, leprosy, smallpox, dysentery,Cough, burning sensation, fever, leprosyClassical Drugs – Aravindasava, Kamal kakdi churna.26
27Conservation and Development measures Govt. of India vide its notification No. Z /19/97- MP Cell dated created NMPB,New Delhi for the Development of this sector.As per the guidelines of NMPB, Govt. of Gujarat also established SMPB vide its Notification No. F. No /9/2001 MP Board datedThere are two schemes namely Promotional and Contractual farming are under implementation.Under the Promotional Schemes Govt. institutions are involved for the conservation of Medicinal Plants and Projects are sanctioned in the limit of Rs lacsUnder the Contractual Farming Scheme of Medicinal Plants, 30% subsidy in the upper limit of Rs lacs is provided.The Guggal Plantation is kachchh and saurashtra and Asoka Plantation is south Gujarat is being taken up on large scale.There are 10 herbal garden are maintained by this Directorate.The details of Promotional and Cotractual Framing Projects under implementation by SMPB is given below -
28Promotional Projects: (Rs. in lacs) YearProjects submittedSubmittedProjectsCostProjects SanctionedSanctionedAmountreleased000340.0012.000565.0048.0067.400216.0011.0016388.6930.0020.0017328.3709113.5050.5023458.4508135.2572.5015792.00324.20Total7632538.20
29Contractual Farming Projects: (Rs. in lacs) YearProjects submittedSubmittedProjectsCostProjects SanctionedSanctionedAmountreleased30234.800614.1410.978392.220201.4500.74109.581130.0015.17121298.332813.4876.74307313.40-Total2714759.0833.62
30Herbal Gardens Information Name of HerbsGarden sArea(in acre)Year ofEstab.No. of SpeciesTotalTreeShrubClimberHerbsGandhinagar30197694502763234Jeetnagar20025041049Vadiapalace20197547171838117Antarsuba292135102Vashidanta0719792403050941Saputara160657Kukma1000102Varod198892Rupvel4590Sasangiri1133924445012075300