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Tiger / Carnivore Sign Survey Intensive search for tiger sign Minimum 15 km search in most likely areas in each Beat 3-5 searches each of 4- 6 km Important.

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Presentation on theme: "Tiger / Carnivore Sign Survey Intensive search for tiger sign Minimum 15 km search in most likely areas in each Beat 3-5 searches each of 4- 6 km Important."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tiger / Carnivore Sign Survey Intensive search for tiger sign Minimum 15 km search in most likely areas in each Beat 3-5 searches each of 4- 6 km Important to record distance covered in each search

2 Data Sheet-1 Data Sheet for Tiger, Leopard & Other Carnivore Sign Encounter Rate

3 Ungulate Encounter Rates Establish line transect 2-4 km (or seg. >2 km) in each beat. Walk early morning. Count no. of each species, group size, young of the year.

4 Data Sheet-2 Encounter Rate on Line Transects

5 Vegetation : Canopy Cover Subjectively classify the canopy cover as 0.8

6 Data Sheet-3A Vegetation (15m radius plot) *Bamboo more than 2m is entered in “Tree” category, less than 2m in “Shrub” category Name of Observer: ………………….Date: …………………Forest Division…………………. Range: …………………………………Beat: …………………ID No. of Line Transect: ……… Plot No. Canopy Cover (0-1) Tree Species * (Descending Order of Dominance) Shrub Species/ Shrub like Tree Species * (Descending Order of Dominance) Shrub Abundance 0 to 4 0-absent to 4-very high Weed/Invasive Species (Descending Order of Dominance) Weed/Invasive Abundance 0 to 4 0-absent to 4-very high Broad vegetation and terrain for the plot

7 Along every 200 m on established transect List 5 tree & shrub species in order of dominance within 15m radius List signs of wood cutting, lopping, grass cutting, human trails within 15m radius Vegetation & Human Disturbance Survey

8 Data Sheet-3B Human Disturbance Name of Observer: ………………….Date: …………………Forest Division…………………. Range: …………………………………Beat: …………………ID No. of Line Transect: ……… Plot No. Human Disturbances Wood Cutting (No. of trees cut) Lopping (No. of trees lopped) Grass/ Bamboo Cutting (Yes/No) Presence of Human/Livestock/ Trail (Yes/No) People Seen (Yes/No) Livestock Seen (Yes/No) Latitude (D,M,S, North) Longitud e (D,M,S, East) Are there any permanent human settlements in the beat? (Yes/No). If Yes, how many?_____. Approximate human population___________, Approximate livestock population _______ Cattle, _______ Goat/Sheep, _______ Other Livestock. Is there NTFP collection in the beat____ Yes/No. If yes, what NTFP is collected_____________, __________, ___________, ___________, Rate NTFP collection on a scale of 0-4, 0-No to 4-Very high_______________, _______________, _______________, ______________.

9 Vegetation : Ground Cover At every vegetation plot (every 200m on line transect) quantify ground cover. Record % of 2m radius plot that is covered with grass, herbs, weeds, bare ground. List 3 dominant grass species, herb species, weeds.

10 Data Sheet-3C Recording Ground Cover (1 m radius or 2m diameter plot ) Name of Observer: ………………….Date: …………………Forest Division…………………. Range: …………………………………Beat: …………………ID No. of Line Transect: ……… Plot No. Dry Leaf Litter % Ground Cover (The following 5 columns should total 100%) Grass Species (Report in descending order of numbers ½ Herb Species (Report in descending order of numbers) Remarks Dry Grass % Green Grass % Herb (Small Plants) % Weeds % Bare Ground %

11 Ungulate Pellet Counts At 5 random locations along the line transect (at least 200m apart) sample a 2 by 20 m strip. Classify and count ungulate pellets to species (wild & domestic)

12 Data Sheet-4 Pellet Counts of Ungulates Name of Observer: ………………….Date: …………………Forest Division…………………. Range: …………………………………Beat: …………………ID No. of Line Transect: ……… *Based on your personal knowledge mention if the species occurs in the beat irrespective of whether its dung was recorded or not. 1. Do goat/sheep graze the sampled area ? Yes / No 2. In case pellets are obtained in large piles then these could be categorized into the following categories: No. of PelletsCategory A B >200C

13 Data Sheet-5 Track Plot for Carnivores and Mega Herbivores (Pressure Impressure Pad) Name of Observer: ………………….Date: …………………Forest Division…………………. Range: …………………………………Beat: …………………ID No. of Track Plot: ………..…

14 Data Sheet-6 Patrol Form Name of Guard: …….….Date: …………………Forest Division…………..…… Range: …………………….Beat: ………………… No. of Persons on Patrol:….. ………Armed…………….Unarmed………………….. Patrol Type: General Duties, Investigations, Surveillance, Others Patrol Method: Foot, Jeep, Motorbike, Bicycle, Elephant and Others Date Time LatLong Place Animal specie s seen Group size seen Illegal ActivitiesAnimal Mortality Records DegMinSecDegMinSecType Time elaps ed Details Action taken Species Gender (M/F/Un) Age (Y/Ad/Un) Carcass state Cause of death Samples taken M – Male, F – Female, Un – Unknown, Y – Young, Ad – Adult.


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