Generally found in northern Idaho Has flat scale like leafs Produces great lumber called cedar and will last a longer than pine or fir Thuja is the scientific name Used as an ornamental tree in our community Very small scale like cones (deciduous)
Subalpine Fir Narrow Christmas tree shape Single flat needles brushed upward, crowded together, with white band on upper sides, soft like fir. When crushed needles give off citrus odor Found near alpine environment or in moist environments Deciduous upright cone
Needles pointed and square, stink when crushed, hurts when going against the grain. Needles are blue green in color. Cones are long and deciduous, tan colored Found in mountains along streams like cottonwoods in the lower valleys Branches are sculptured Found from 2500 ft to tree line
Limber Pine Needles are found in bundles of 5 Closely related to Whitebark pine Yellowish brown cones that persist after falling to the ground Limbs are very flexible 26-43 feet tall at maturity Found in high mountains generally at tree line
Needles found in bundles of 5 Generally found at or near tree line Purplish brown cone that tends to disintegrate when falling from the tree Cones are smaller than Limber pine cones at about 5 cm compared to 7-12 cm on Limber pine cones
Flat soft needles, single. Cones are soft with distinctive three-forked bracts, like the hind end of a mouse. Rough thick bark with reddish hue. 75-110 feet tall, large diameter, wonderful wood for building.
Water or River Birch Bark is almost black on young trees, turning to dark reddish brown, and not peeling Branchlets covered with white glands. Found in moist areas, such as, along Birch Creek in Clark County.
Quaking Aspen Largest terrestrial organism in the world Bark smooth and whitish, with black scars Clones itself using roots and suckers Light green rounded-triangular leaves that tremble in the wind Have salicylic acid in bark (aspirin)
Black Cottonwood Most common tree along rivers and streams in the Upper Snake River Valley Much rotten wood found in living trees, very popular tree with woodpeckers and has many cavities for cavity living birds and mammals Seeds are spread in cotton given off from catkins in early spring
Rocky Mountain Maple Three lobed leaves, green in summer and red in the fall (see Palisades area in fall) Biwinged seeds in September Small short tree found on moist mountain sides. Seems to prefer steep slopes.
Red Osier Dogwood Large spreading thicket forming shrub, found near or on the edge of streams Clusters of ¼ inch white flowers in summer turning to whitish berries with a bluish hue in the fall. Bark is red, thus the name
Serviceberry Shrub or very small tree, multi trunks White star shaped flowers in spring and early summer Leaves about 1 inch, rounded and serrated. Bark is brownish red Fruit in fall is dark purple, sweet, and seedy Likes moist shady areas, very hardy
Mountain Ash Shrubby plant growing on steep, damp hillsides. Compound pinnate leaves In springtime clusters of white 3/8 inch rounded flowers In the fall clusters of orange red berries enjoyed by birds and bear alike Not palatable for humans
Big Sagebrush Much-branched gray green shrub with pungent sage like aroma May get 15 feet tall Leaves are evergreen Lives in fine deep soils in arid regions. Browse for deer and elk but not preferred, very low in nutrient
Bitterbrush (Antelope Brush) An erect, much-branched silvery shrub with fragrant yellow flowers. Three lobed leaves. Twigs are very bitter to the taste Found on dry hillsides Are a very important browse for mule deer in the winter Found near sagebrush and juniper forests
Oregon Grape or Holly Berry Member of the Barberry family that is an intermediate host to several plant diseases Bright yellow clusters of flowers that turn into dark purple berries with light blue powder covering the berries Sour to taste but edible, add sugar for a tasty grape juice Spiny leaves that hug the ground
Huckleberry Erect, much-branched shrub with thin, toothed leaves. Height 1-5 ft Medium sized deep purple berries Yellow globose flowers from May to July Fruits appears in late July and August Shaded woods and moist side hills, to open slopes on recent burns
Twinberry Erect, deciduous shrub with opposite leaves and both flowers and fruits in pairs growing from the leaf axils Black oval berries are edible but not tasty Compare to red Honeysuckle with red berries that are also paired but not edible Red berries many times are poisonous, so beware of red
Snowberry Erect, much-branched shrub with white berries, preceded by tubular rose colored flowers. Also called wax berry Not palatable or edible for humans but browsed by deer species, grouse, robins, and pine grosbeaks. Found along moist trails, and riverbanks
Rabbit Brush Rubber Rabbit brush has latex in the stems Inhabits dry areas and is a know invader of sagebrush country when overgrazing has taken place Shrub with several stems growing erect from the base with yellow disk flowers in rounded terminal clusters
Knnikinnick A prostate, matted evergreen shrub with reddish peeling or scaling bark Small white to pink, urn shaped 5-parted waxy flowers in May and early June Leaves have a wintergreen flavor Green berries in late summer Leaves are used medicinally by many indigenous people. Many other uses
Squawbush Erect bushy, stiffly branched shrub with highly aromatic 3-parted leaves and clusters of red berries Found on open slopes and canyons: often chaparral. Foul odor thus nickname of skunk brush Berries used by birds, Indians made a drink similar to lemonade with them
Ceanothus or Deer Brush Green shiny low evergreen White to pale blue blowers in conical clusters at ends of flexible twigs. Found on dry slopes in chaparral and open forests You can tell how deep the snow was the winter before because the deer and moose graze Ceanothus down to snow level
Common Willow There are many different types of willows out there. So…..We will learn them as willow rather than try to identify each. Willows along a stream are very small on the trunk and multi stemmed. Some have a yellow hue and some have a brown, reddish, or black hue to them Willows are very important in holding soil in a riparian habitat for insects, birds, etc.