Presentation on theme: "Opportunities from a more open and online world Gard Titlestad Secretary General ICDE."— Presentation transcript:
Opportunities from a more open and online world Gard Titlestad Secretary General ICDE
Outline Introduction Global context Trends in education OER Trends in ODL/Online learning Convergence What is on the ICDE radar?
Need for education - Education For All Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO “Higher education: In less than 40 years, enrolments have increased fivefold. Globally it is estimated that demand will expand from less than 100 million students in 2000 to over 250 million students in 2025.” Distance and online education can help
”Good education and skills are crucial to improving a person’s economic and social prospects.” OECD 2011 ”People with university degrees have suffered far fewer job losses during the global economic crisis than those who left school without qualifications.”
Example – global challenges Sustainable development and climate change Clean Water Population and resources Energy Green growth Organized crime Democratization Global ethics Rich – poor gap Health Peace and conflict Status of women IT – global convergence
Universities Universities are increasingly faced with societal challenges of national, regional and global nature: Grand challenges Universities deliver through their three funcitons: – Education – Research – Innovation
The Knowledge Triangel need to be strengthened to: Universities Universities in the center of the knowledge triangel meet with global challenges promote economic growth, green growht deliver high quality knowledge supply
Mobilising the workforce: Mobication or Flexication EducationWorkWelfare An opportunity for flexible and online learning!
High Quality education OECD: PISA The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA ) is an internationally standardised assessment 15-year-olds in schools. PISA assesses how far students near the end of compulsory education have acquired some of the knowledge and skills that are essential for full participation in society. In all cycles, the domains of reading, mathematical and scientific literacy are covered not merely in terms of mastery of the school curriculum, but in terms of important knowledge and skills needed in adult life.
PISA and China What do we know? http://www.oecd.org/document/7/0,3746,en_2649_35845621_49428807_1_1_1_1,00.htm
School failure Reducing school failure pays off for both society and individuals. More education attainment provides better labour market prospects and contributes to economic growth and social progress. The highest performing education systems across OECD countries are those that combine high quality and equity. Overcoming School Failure: Policies that Work February 2012
One of five don´t complete ”Drop outs” Or ”Push outs” (Hal Plotkin) Distance and online education can help
”Never Waste a Crisis” The financial constraints facing the European countries should also be seen as a major opportunity for ODL. Morten Flate Paulsen, President, European Distance and e-Learning Network.
The traditional educational system is challenged ”many speakers referred worryingly to the growth of online and for-profit providers— suggests a growing concern at even the most elite institutions that the classroom experience is not all it could be” Harvard Conference Seeks to Jolt University Teaching, February 2012
Traditional lecture: 10% retention after 15 minutes? Comparison of Learning Results from Traditionally Taught Courses and Courses Using Research-Based Pedagogy A Scientific Approach To Science Education - Technology And Institutional Change, By Carl Wieman
OER In its simplest form, the concept of Open Educational Resources (OER) describes any educational resources (including curriculum maps, course materials, textbooks, streaming videos, multimedia applications, podcasts, and any other materials that have been designed for use in teaching and learning) that are openly available for use by educators and students, without an accompanying need to pay royalties or licence fees. www.ocwconsortium.org/aboutus/whatisocw
Educational potential Increased availability of high quality, relevant learning materials can contribute to more productive students and educators. The principle of allowing adaptation of materials provides one mechanism amongst many for constructing roles for students as active participants in educational processes, who learn best by doing and creating, not by passively reading and absorbing. OER has potential to build capacity by providing institutions and educators access, at low or no cost, to the means of production to develop their competence in producing educational materials and carrying out the necessary instructional design to integrate such materials into high quality programmes of learning.
OER can fuel the Knowledge Triangel OER Open Access Research based OER Research based teaching Innovation in education Innovate the learning system and institutions Knowledge supply for innovation High quality education Research based education Resource based education
2012 World OER Congress 20 – 22 June, Paris, France Should all education resources funded with public money be OERs?
The OEP Guideline Step 1: Positioning your Organization in the OEP Map Step 2: Creating a Vision of Openness and a Strategy for OEP in an Organization Step 3: Implementing and Promoting OEP
Websites A Basic Guide to Open Educational Resources (OER) http://www.col.org/oerBasicGuide Guidelines for Open Educational Resources (OER) in Higher Education http://www.col.org/oerGuidelines http://www.oer-quality.org/
Technology as facilitator Mansoor Al Awar, Chairman, Middle East e- Learning Association. The rapid development of information and communication technology (ICT) offers tremendous educational opportunities to provide new innovative, accessible and more affordable ways of learning.
WORLD INTERNET USAGE AND POPULATION STATISTICS December 31, 2011
BEIJING, Jan. 16 (Xinhua) -- China had 513 million Internet users by the end of 2011, showing that 38.3 percent of Chinese people used the Internet, the country's network information center said Monday Since 2006, the proportion of Internet users to the country's total population rose by an average of around 6 percentage points annually..
”Higher education, is vulnerable to disruption.” Clayton M. Christensen, professor of business administration at the Harvard Business School.
Mobile technologies – students become driving forces Field studies 18 February 2012 - Beijing
Will elite institutions have to change or lose in competition with Online start-ups? Professor David Evans and Professor Sebastian Thrun Case: Stanford Professor Gives Up Teaching Position, Hopes to Reach 500,000 Students at Online Start-Up ”We believe university-level education can be both high quality and low cost. Using the economics of the Internet, we've connected some of the greatest teachers to hundreds of thousands of students all over the world.” http://www.udacity.com/
Certificates for free online courses – what impact could that have for HEI? Participants will watch five- to 10-minute video tutorials, read an e-textbook, and complete homework assignments, virtual laboratories and two exams. At the end of the course, they will receive a cumulative grade and a certificate from MITx. http://mitx.mit.edu/ MITx MIT’s new online learning initiative Case: MIT granting certificates for free online courses.
Convergence Conventional, face-to-face universities are increasingly moving into the delivery of online learning programs. Many conventional universities have been unable to adopt or adapt the strategies developed by distance teaching organizations fast enough to ensure increased access, quality, and sustainability through the use of teaching technology. International Council for Open and Distance Education, Global Trends in Higher Education, Adult and Distance Learning (2009). Convergence (logic), the notion that a sequence of transformations come to the same conclusion, no matter what order they are performed in. (Wikipedia)
“The University of California has launched an online programme as a part of its goal to become the first top-rated American institution to award an online bachelor’s degree.” 2011 Convergence
The Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) Collaborate to compete, Seizing the opportunity of online learning for UK higher education, 2011 “The Task Force has concluded that online learning – however blended with on- or off- campus interactions, whether delivered in the UK or overseas – provides real opportunity for UK institutions to develop responsive, engaging and interactive provision which, if offered at scale, can deliver quality and cost- effectiveness and meet student demands for flexible learning.” Convergence
Distance Learning in British Universities – is it possible? Helen Lentell, DL, University of Leicester Convergence
Rapid growth in online education leads to concern «To help Education strengthen its oversight of distance education, the Secretary of Education should direct FSA to develop a plan on how best to use the new IPEDS distance education data and provide input to NCES on future IPEDS survey work with regard to distance education» HIGHER EDUCATION: Use of New Data Could Help Improve Oversight of Distance Education. Report to Congressional Requesters. 17 November 2011. GAO-12- 39 United States Government Accountability Office Why GAO Did This Study ”Distance education—that is, offering courses by the Internet, video, or other forms outside the classroom— has been a growing force in postsecondary education and there are questions about quality and adequate oversight” Research objectives: (3) how the quality of distance education is being assessed, and (4) how Education monitors distance education in its stewardship of federal student aid funds.
The Future College presidents predict substantial growth in online learning: 15% say most of their current undergraduate students have taken a class online, and 50% predict that 10 years from now most of their students will take classes online. Nearly two-thirds of college presidents (62%) anticipate that 10 years from now, more than half of the textbooks used by their undergraduate students will be entirely digital. The Digital Revolution and Higher Education. 2011. By Kim Parker, Amanda Lenhart and Kathleen Moore
Teachers and teachers education Teachers – a key target group for attention The need for teachers The teaching challenge in a more open and online world Teachers and studentoriented teaching The need for continued education in new methodologies Teachers and research based education Policies and strategies to support teachers meeting tomorrows opportunities and challenges Teachers as the benchmark for quality education
What is on the radar for ICDE? Studying the regulatory frameworks of open & distance education Promoting OER in partnership with UNESCO Developing quality standards for ODL Digital divide Revising & improving quality review service for member institutions Promoting ODL - a global day of ODL in 2013? Enhancing the role of ODL in teacher education and training Monitoring trends in ODL and OER - statistics on ODL. Strengthening research on ODL – have an overview. ICDE will develop a new strategy for 2013 – 2016 and determine key priorities and activities – including a possibility to convene a policy event, a meeting place for ministers and policy makers, to discuss current trends in ODL, opportunities and challenges in a more open and online world and the need for policies, strategies and leadership. Next milestone: The Standing Conference Of Presidents (SCOP) in Dubai, 12 – 15 November 2012, hosted by HBMeU
ICDE 25 World Conference Tianjin, China 16th to 18th October 2013 Host: Tianjin Open University
Opportunities from a more open and online world – in the early dawn