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Types of Early Childhood Programs

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2 Types of Early Childhood Programs
2 Types of Early Childhood Programs

3 Key Concepts There are many types of child care programs, all of which have advantages and disadvantages. Child care programs can have public, private, or employer sponsorship. Licensing and accreditation are important in the selection of child care programs.

4 Objectives List and describe the various types of early childhood programs available to parents and their children. Assess the advantages and disadvantages of each type of program. Name the three types of center sponsorship. continued

5 Objectives Explain steps families may take in choosing quality child care. List indications of quality in early childhood programs. Recognize licensing rules and regulations that help keep centers safe. List the components of center accreditation.

6 Family Child Care Homes
Family child care homes provide child care by people other than a relative or parent Often in private neighborhood homes Some states require licensing May attend up to 12 hours a day

7 Child Care Centers Child care centers are the most popular type of service Programs based on provider skills and state licensing requirements Some offer whole child curriculum Some offer custodial care

8 Montessori Schools Montessori schools focus on self-education in a prescribed sequence The Montessori approach stresses independence with little help from teachers practical life experiences sensory training mastered before academics are introduced

9 Head Start The Head Start program was designed by the federal government in the 1960s to overcome the negative effects of poverty on young children Provides child care for infants, toddlers, and four- to five-year-olds from low-income families May be full- or part-time; in a center or home Provides medical and social services continued

10 Head Start Education Curriculum is designed to build self-esteem that will lead to future success Family involvement is key Curiosity Self-confidence Self-discipline continued

11 Head Start Nutrition Health services provided
One snack and one hot meal every day Health services provided Dental Medical including immunizations Mental health continued

12 Head Start Parental involvement Recruiting new children
Assisting in the center Taking part in policy meetings

13 Did You Know? Head Start is administered under the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Two-thirds of the nearly 1,335,600 individuals who volunteer are parents.

14 Kindergarten Kindergarten is part of most private and public school systems Schedules include half-day full-day full-day/alternating day sessions continued

15 Kindergarten Program goals and objectives include
respect for the contributions, property, and rights of other children development of positive feelings about school development of positive self-concept growth in language, social, physical, and creative skills continued

16 Kindergarten Program goals and objectives include
achievement of problem-solving and cognitive skills development of independence, shown by working alone on a task or developing self-help skills development of interpersonal skills appreciation of objects of beauty continued

17 Kindergarten Curriculum may vary from school to school It can include
preacademic skills social development creative activities

18 School-Age Care Children from ages 5 to 10 most often attend school-age child care programs Before- and after-school care Sponsored by schools, religious organizations, or child care centers Programs supplement regular classes continued

19 School-Age Care Checking-in-services are provided for parents of older children Call the home and check whether the child has arrived safely

20 Parent Cooperatives Parent cooperatives allow parents to
prepare budgets hire teachers set program policies and goals assist in the classroom utilize full- or half-days Developmental experiences for adults as well as children continued

21 Parent Cooperatives Advantages Disadvantages
Teachers can devote more time to curriculum, while parents take care of the administrative activities Special relationship between parents and teachers Disadvantages Teachers have less control; rules set by parents continued

22 Parent Cooperatives Sessions Fees Two to three hours per day
Two to five days a week Fees Less than other programs Paid head teacher, with parents performing all additional duties

23 Laboratory Schools Laboratory schools are university- and college-affiliated programs Train future teachers Serve as a study group for research Have highly qualified staff Have well-planned curriculum Use excellent equipment

24 High School Child Care Programs
High school child care programs train future child care professionals Laboratory facilities for students to work with preschoolers while supervised by a teacher Operate two or three days a week Curriculum is planned by high school students Students observe and work directly with children

25 Sponsorship of Early Childhood Centers
Public, private, or employer-sponsored child care centers Public sponsorships include Head Start public university child care centers publically funded preschools, laboratory schools, and high school child care programs continued

26 Sponsorship of Early Childhood Centers
Private sponsorships may be operated by houses of worship hospitals charitable organizations child care corporations (national chains) Employer sponsorships offer child care sponsored on-site or nearby for employees’ children

27 Universal Pre-Kindergarten
Universal pre-kindergarten (UPK) is a state-sponsored program for three- and four-year-olds High-quality, literary-rich environment Eagerness to learn in kindergarten Early learning experiences for disadvantaged children

28 Selecting a Child Care Program
Factors to consider Promotes children’s safety and comfort Quality of program, cost, and location Promotes all areas of child development NAEYC recommended Staff training, experience, and turnover ratio Adult-child ratio and group size Condition of facilities

29 child care referral agency
The Selection Process Search child care referral agency online/phonebook friends and relatives Investigate calling visiting Choose

30 Discuss If you were selecting a child care program for your child, what are some other factors that you would consider?

31 Licensing Rules and Regulations
affect the safety and health of the children protect parents, employers, and employees A child care license is a state-provided certificate granting permission to operate a child care center family child care home

32 Center Accreditation The best indicator of high-quality early care and education is being accredited by the National Academy of Early Childhood Programs Improves the quality of programs Helps parents find high-quality child care Assures parents their children are receiving quality care

33 Discuss What are the requirements to receive accreditation for a child care program in your state?

34 Family child care homes
Brainstorm What are some advantages and disadvantages of these child care programs? Curriculum Fees Schedule A D Family child care homes Child care centers Head Start Montessori schools

35 Review List five types of child care programs.
What are the three types of sponsorships for child care programs? True or false. Licensing and accreditation are not important in the selection of child care programs.

36 Glossary accredited. Having a certification that states a set of standards has been met. checking-in services. Program assigning workers to call children in self-care to make sure there are no problems.

37 Glossary child care centers. Full-day child care facilities that focus on basic nutritional, social, emotional, intellectual, and physical needs. child care license. A state-provided certificate granting permission to open and operate a child care center or family child care home.

38 Glossary custodial care. Type of child care that focuses primarily on meeting the child’s physical needs. family child care home. Child care that is provided in a private home.

39 Glossary Head Start. A program developed by the federal government to strengthen the academic skills of children from low-income homes, and designed mainly for four- and five-year-olds.

40 Glossary laboratory schools. Schools located on a postsecondary or college campus with a primary purpose of training future teachers and serving as a study group for research. licensing rules and regulations. Standards set to ensure that uniform and safe practices are followed.

41 Glossary Montessori approach. Schools provide children freedom within limits by a rather structured approach, and a fixed method in which materials are presented. parent cooperatives. Child care programs that are formed and run by parents who wish to take part in their children’s preschool experience.

42 Glossary school-age child care programs. Programs often sponsored by schools, houses of worship, or child care centers that provide care for children before and/or after school.

43 Glossary universal pre-kindergarten (UPK). A state-sponsored program designed to introduce three- and four-year-old children to a literary-rich environment. The goal is to enable every child with skills needed to succeed in school.

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