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Types of Early Childhood Programs 2 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Key Concepts  There are.

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Presentation on theme: "Types of Early Childhood Programs 2 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Key Concepts  There are."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Types of Early Childhood Programs 2

3 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Key Concepts  There are many types of child care programs, all of which have advantages and disadvantages.  Child care programs can have public, private, or employer sponsorship.  Licensing and accreditation are important in the selection of child care programs.

4 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Objectives  List and describe the various types of early childhood programs available to parents and their children.  Assess the advantages and disadvantages of each type of program.  Name the three types of center sponsorship. continued

5 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Objectives  Explain steps families may take in choosing quality child care.  List indications of quality in early childhood programs.  Recognize licensing rules and regulations that help keep centers safe.  List the components of center accreditation.

6 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Family Child Care Homes  Family child care homes provide child care by people other than a relative or parent Family child care homes  Often in private neighborhood homes  Some states require licensing  May attend up to 12 hours a day

7 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Child Care Centers  Child care centers are the most popular type of service Child care centers  Programs based on provider skills and state licensing requirements  Some offer whole child curriculum  Some offer custodial carecustodial care

8 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Montessori Schools  Montessori schools focus on self-education in a prescribed sequence  The Montessori approach stressesMontessori approach  independence with little help from teachers  practical life experiences  sensory training mastered before academics are introduced

9 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Head Start  The Head Start program was designed by the federal government in the 1960s to overcome the negative effects of poverty on young childrenHead Start  Provides child care for infants, toddlers, and four- to five-year-olds from low-income families  May be full- or part-time; in a center or home  Provides medical and social services continued

10 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Head Start  Education  Curriculum is designed to build self-esteem that will lead to future success  Family involvement is key  Curiosity  Self-confidence  Self-discipline continued

11 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Head Start  Nutrition  One snack and one hot meal every day  Health services provided  Dental  Medical including immunizations  Mental health continued

12 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Head Start  Parental involvement  Recruiting new children  Assisting in the center  Taking part in policy meetings

13 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Did You Know? Head Start is administered under the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Two-thirds of the nearly 1,335,600 individuals who volunteer are parents.

14 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Kindergarten  Kindergarten is part of most private and public school systems  Schedules include  half-day  full-day  full-day/alternating day sessions continued

15 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Kindergarten  Program goals and objectives include  respect for the contributions, property, and rights of other children  development of positive feelings about school  development of positive self-concept  growth in language, social, physical, and creative skills continued

16 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Kindergarten  Program goals and objectives include  achievement of problem-solving and cognitive skills  development of independence, shown by working alone on a task or developing self- help skills  development of interpersonal skills  appreciation of objects of beauty continued

17 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Kindergarten  Curriculum may vary from school to school  It can include  preacademic skills  social development  creative activities

18 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. School-Age Care  Children from ages 5 to 10 most often attend school-age child care programs school-age child care programs  Before- and after-school care  Sponsored by schools, religious organizations, or child care centers  Programs supplement regular classes continued

19 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. School-Age Care  Checking-in-services are provided for parents of older children Checking-in-services  Call the home and check whether the child has arrived safely

20 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Parent Cooperatives  Parent cooperatives allow parents to Parent cooperatives  prepare budgets  hire teachers  set program policies and goals  assist in the classroom  utilize full- or half-days  Developmental experiences for adults as well as children continued

21 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Parent Cooperatives  Advantages  Teachers can devote more time to curriculum, while parents take care of the administrative activities  Special relationship between parents and teachers  Disadvantages  Teachers have less control; rules set by parents continued

22 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Parent Cooperatives  Sessions  Two to three hours per day  Two to five days a week  Fees  Less than other programs  Paid head teacher, with parents performing all additional duties

23 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Laboratory Schools  Laboratory schools are university- and college-affiliated programs Laboratory schools  Train future teachers  Serve as a study group for research  Have highly qualified staff  Have well-planned curriculum  Use excellent equipment

24 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. High School Child Care Programs  High school child care programs train future child care professionals  Laboratory facilities for students to work with preschoolers while supervised by a teacher  Operate two or three days a week  Curriculum is planned by high school students  Students observe and work directly with children

25 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Sponsorship of Early Childhood Centers  Public, private, or employer-sponsored child care centers  Public sponsorships include  Head Start  public university child care centers  publically funded preschools, laboratory schools, and high school child care programs continued

26 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Sponsorship of Early Childhood Centers  Private sponsorships may be operated by  houses of worship  hospitals  charitable organizations  child care corporations (national chains)  Employer sponsorships offer  child care sponsored on-site or nearby for employees’ children

27 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Universal Pre-Kindergarten  Universal pre-kindergarten (UPK) is a state-sponsored program for three- and four-year-olds Universal pre-kindergarten (UPK)  High-quality, literary-rich environment  Eagerness to learn in kindergarten  Early learning experiences for disadvantaged children

28 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Selecting a Child Care Program  Factors to consider  Promotes children’s safety and comfort  Quality of program, cost, and location  Promotes all areas of child development  NAEYC recommended  Staff training, experience, and turnover ratio  Adult-child ratio and group size  Condition of facilities

29 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. The Selection Process Search child care referral agency online/phonebook friends and relatives Investigate calling visiting Choose

30 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Discuss  If you were selecting a child care program for your child, what are some other factors that you would consider?

31 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Licensing Rules and Regulations  Licensing rules and regulations Licensing rules and regulations  affect the safety and health of the children  protect parents, employers, and employees  A child care license is a state-provided certificate granting permission to operatechild care license  a child care center  family child care home

32 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Center Accreditation  The best indicator of high-quality early care and education is being accredited by the National Academy of Early Childhood Programsaccredited  Improves the quality of programs  Helps parents find high-quality child care  Assures parents their children are receiving quality care

33 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Discuss  What are the requirements to receive accreditation for a child care program in your state?

34 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Brainstorm  What are some advantages and disadvantages of these child care programs? CurriculumFeesSchedule ADADAD Family child care homes Child care centers Head Start Montessori schools

35 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Review  List five types of child care programs.  What are the three types of sponsorships for child care programs?  True or false. Licensing and accreditation are not important in the selection of child care programs.

36 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Glossary  accredited. Having a certification that states a set of standards has been met.  checking-in services. Program assigning workers to call children in self-care to make sure there are no problems.

37 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Glossary  child care centers. Full-day child care facilities that focus on basic nutritional, social, emotional, intellectual, and physical needs.  child care license. A state-provided certificate granting permission to open and operate a child care center or family child care home.

38 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Glossary  custodial care. Type of child care that focuses primarily on meeting the child’s physical needs.  family child care home. Child care that is provided in a private home.

39 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Glossary  Head Start. A program developed by the federal government to strengthen the academic skills of children from low-income homes, and designed mainly for four- and five-year-olds.

40 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Glossary  laboratory schools. Schools located on a postsecondary or college campus with a primary purpose of training future teachers and serving as a study group for research.  licensing rules and regulations. Standards set to ensure that uniform and safe practices are followed.

41 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Glossary  Montessori approach. Schools provide children freedom within limits by a rather structured approach, and a fixed method in which materials are presented.  parent cooperatives. Child care programs that are formed and run by parents who wish to take part in their children’s preschool experience.

42 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Glossary  school-age child care programs. Programs often sponsored by schools, houses of worship, or child care centers that provide care for children before and/or after school.

43 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only. Glossary  universal pre-kindergarten (UPK). A state- sponsored program designed to introduce three- and four-year-old children to a literary-rich environment. The goal is to enable every child with skills needed to succeed in school.


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