2Types of Early Childhood Programs 2Types of Early Childhood Programs
3Key ConceptsThere are many types of child care programs, all of which have advantages and disadvantages.Child care programs can have public, private, or employer sponsorship.Licensing and accreditation are important in the selection of child care programs.
4ObjectivesList and describe the various types of early childhood programs available to parents and their children.Assess the advantages and disadvantages of each type of program.Name the three types of center sponsorship.continued
5ObjectivesExplain steps families may take in choosing quality child care.List indications of quality in early childhood programs.Recognize licensing rules and regulations that help keep centers safe.List the components of center accreditation.
6Family Child Care Homes Family child care homes provide child care by people other than a relative or parentOften in private neighborhood homesSome states require licensingMay attend up to 12 hours a day
7Child Care CentersChild care centers are the most popular type of servicePrograms based on provider skills and state licensing requirementsSome offer whole child curriculumSome offer custodial care
8Montessori SchoolsMontessori schools focus on self-education in a prescribed sequenceThe Montessori approach stressesindependence with little help from teacherspractical life experiencessensory training mastered before academics are introduced
9Head StartThe Head Start program was designed by the federal government in the 1960s to overcome the negative effects of poverty on young childrenProvides child care for infants, toddlers, and four- to five-year-olds from low-income familiesMay be full- or part-time; in a center or homeProvides medical and social servicescontinued
10Head StartEducationCurriculum is designed to build self-esteem that will lead to future successFamily involvement is keyCuriositySelf-confidenceSelf-disciplinecontinued
11Head Start Nutrition Health services provided One snack and one hot meal every dayHealth services providedDentalMedical including immunizationsMental healthcontinued
12Head Start Parental involvement Recruiting new children Assisting in the centerTaking part in policy meetings
13Did You Know?Head Start is administered under the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.Two-thirds of the nearly 1,335,600 individuals who volunteer are parents.
14KindergartenKindergarten is part of most private and public school systemsSchedules includehalf-dayfull-dayfull-day/alternating day sessionscontinued
15Kindergarten Program goals and objectives include respect for the contributions, property, and rights of other childrendevelopment of positive feelings about schooldevelopment of positive self-conceptgrowth in language, social, physical, and creative skillscontinued
16Kindergarten Program goals and objectives include achievement of problem-solving and cognitive skillsdevelopment of independence, shown by working alone on a task or developing self-help skillsdevelopment of interpersonal skillsappreciation of objects of beautycontinued
17Kindergarten Curriculum may vary from school to school It can include preacademic skillssocial developmentcreative activities
18School-Age CareChildren from ages 5 to 10 most often attend school-age child care programsBefore- and after-school careSponsored by schools, religious organizations, or child care centersPrograms supplement regular classescontinued
19School-Age CareChecking-in-services are provided for parents of older childrenCall the home and check whether the child has arrived safely
20Parent Cooperatives Parent cooperatives allow parents to prepare budgetshire teachersset program policies and goalsassist in the classroomutilize full- or half-daysDevelopmental experiences for adults as well as childrencontinued
21Parent Cooperatives Advantages Disadvantages Teachers can devote more time to curriculum, while parents take care of the administrative activitiesSpecial relationship between parents and teachersDisadvantagesTeachers have less control; rules set by parentscontinued
22Parent Cooperatives Sessions Fees Two to three hours per day Two to five days a weekFeesLess than other programsPaid head teacher, with parents performing all additional duties
23Laboratory SchoolsLaboratory schools are university- and college-affiliated programsTrain future teachersServe as a study group for researchHave highly qualified staffHave well-planned curriculumUse excellent equipment
24High School Child Care Programs High school child care programs train future child care professionalsLaboratory facilities for students to work with preschoolers while supervised by a teacherOperate two or three days a weekCurriculum is planned by high school studentsStudents observe and work directly with children
25Sponsorship of Early Childhood Centers Public, private, or employer-sponsored child care centersPublic sponsorships includeHead Startpublic university child care centerspublically funded preschools, laboratory schools, and high school child care programscontinued
26Sponsorship of Early Childhood Centers Private sponsorships may be operated byhouses of worshiphospitalscharitable organizationschild care corporations (national chains)Employer sponsorships offerchild care sponsored on-site or nearby for employees’ children
27Universal Pre-Kindergarten Universal pre-kindergarten (UPK) is a state-sponsored program for three- and four-year-oldsHigh-quality, literary-rich environmentEagerness to learn in kindergartenEarly learning experiences for disadvantaged children
28Selecting a Child Care Program Factors to considerPromotes children’s safety and comfortQuality of program, cost, and locationPromotes all areas of child developmentNAEYC recommendedStaff training, experience, and turnover ratioAdult-child ratio and group sizeCondition of facilities
29child care referral agency The Selection ProcessSearchchild care referral agencyonline/phonebookfriends and relativesInvestigatecallingvisitingChoose
30DiscussIf you were selecting a child care program for your child, what are some other factors that you would consider?
31Licensing Rules and Regulations affect the safety and health of the childrenprotect parents, employers, and employeesA child care license is a state-provided certificate granting permission to operatea child care centerfamily child care home
32Center AccreditationThe best indicator of high-quality early care and education is being accredited by the National Academy of Early Childhood ProgramsImproves the quality of programsHelps parents find high-quality child careAssures parents their children are receiving quality care
33DiscussWhat are the requirements to receive accreditation for a child care program in your state?
34Family child care homes BrainstormWhat are some advantages and disadvantages of these child care programs?CurriculumFeesScheduleADFamily child care homesChild care centersHead StartMontessori schools
35Review List five types of child care programs. What are the three types of sponsorships for child care programs?True or false. Licensing and accreditation are not important in the selection of child care programs.
36Glossaryaccredited. Having a certification that states a set of standards has been met.checking-in services. Program assigning workers to call children in self-care to make sure there are no problems.
37Glossarychild care centers. Full-day child care facilities that focus on basic nutritional, social, emotional, intellectual, and physical needs.child care license. A state-provided certificate granting permission to open and operate a child care center or family child care home.
38Glossarycustodial care. Type of child care that focuses primarily on meeting the child’s physical needs.family child care home. Child care that is provided in a private home.
39GlossaryHead Start. A program developed by the federal government to strengthen the academic skills of children from low-income homes, and designed mainly for four- and five-year-olds.
40Glossarylaboratory schools. Schools located on a postsecondary or college campus with a primary purpose of training future teachers and serving as a study group for research.licensing rules and regulations. Standards set to ensure that uniform and safe practices are followed.
41GlossaryMontessori approach. Schools provide children freedom within limits by a rather structured approach, and a fixed method in which materials are presented.parent cooperatives. Child care programs that are formed and run by parents who wish to take part in their children’s preschool experience.
42Glossaryschool-age child care programs. Programs often sponsored by schools, houses of worship, or child care centers that provide care for children before and/or after school.
43Glossaryuniversal pre-kindergarten (UPK). A state-sponsored program designed to introduce three- and four-year-old children to a literary-rich environment. The goal is to enable every child with skills needed to succeed in school.