Presentation on theme: "Transition Assessment for Students with Severe & Multiple Disabilities"— Presentation transcript:
1 Transition Assessment for Students with Severe & Multiple Disabilities Jim MartinUniversity of OklahomaZarrow CenterJim:Web:
2 ASK QUESTIONS ALONG THE WAY! AgendaIntroductionsPart IDescriptionsPart II - Three-Part Transition Assessment ProcessIndependent Living Assessments & the IEPCareer Interests/Skills & the IEPSelf-Determination Assessments & the IEPPart III - SummaryASK QUESTIONS ALONG THE WAY!
3 Web Links Handout lists all the web sites used today See us to copy onto thumb drive so they can be clicked while open on your computerEasy to read compared to PowerPoint slides
4 Transition Assessment Timeline By ability and age or grade level, list recommended assessments.Enables all educators to know what assessments to use and when.Allow flexibility to meet student needs and development in the field.
5 Description of Students with Severe and Multiple Disabilities Demonstrate diverse skills, strengths, limits, and support needsMultiple system impairments that impact the student, family, community participation, and severity of associated health conditionsTwo or more simultaneously occurring impairmentsSupports are usually pervasive and extensive in order to achieve community living, employment, and self-sufficiency.Who are we talking about today?
6 Description - continued Severity ContinuumSeverity SupportsCommunication issues - frequentlySelf-care issues – almost alwaysIntellectual issues – often, but not always“Multiple” systems - alwaysMild Moderate Severe Profound
10 Postsecondary GoalsEach student of transition age on an IEP, must have a postsecondary goal.This postsecondary goal must address: Education/training, employment Independent living.Need at least 1 annual goal and associated objectives for each postsecondary goal.
11 Sample Postsecondary Goals Education/Training: Jessie will audit child care/early childhood classes at the local Career Tech Center with a full-time HTS.Employment: With the help of a full-time HTS, Jessie will work at a community not-for-profit childcare program.Independent/Adult Living: Jessie will live in a group home and utilize public transportation to participate in her classes and work at her job site.Screen shot – These should have been some of Jessie’s postsecondary goals…she states them now.
12 Annual Transition Goal Matches postsecondary goalMeasureable and be accomplished in a year
13 Quiz Time!!!!After high school, Calvin will live and participate as he can at home, volunteer at his church weekly, and work with job coach at a community job.Using customized computer applications (auditory reader and voice activation) Calvin will respond to children and staff with 90% accuracy for 12 consecutive interactions.After graduation, Kelly will take journalism classes at the Career Tech and work for a publisher.Kelly will describe 5 accommodations she needs in the general education setting and why she needs them with 100% accuracy.
15 The Purpose of SPED 2004 IDEA Changed Secondary SPED . . . a free appropriate public education that emphasizes special education and related services designed to meet students’ unique needs and to prepare them for further education, employment, and independent living.Lauren, did your special education program prepare you for college, employment, or independent living? Keep it short.2004 IDEA Changed Secondary SPED
16 IDEA 2004 Post-Secondary Goals IEPs must include appropriate measurable postsecondary goalsbased upon age-appropriate transition assessmentsrelated to training, education, employment, and when appropriate, independent living
17 Student Transition Questions Postschool Goal QuestionsWhere do I want to liveWhere do I want to work?Where do I want to learn?Annual Transition Goal QuestionWhat do I need to learn now to live where I want?What do I need to learn now to do the career I want?What do I need to learn now to be able to learn where I want?Greene, G., & Kochhar-Bryant, C. A. (2003). Pathways to successful transition for youth with disabilities. New Jersey: Merrill Prentice Hall.
18 Transition Assessment Model Components Independent Living AssessmentVocational Interest and Skills AssessmentSelf-Determination AssessmentMost are informal and lack valid & reliable studies. They ARE good for instructional planning!!
19 Independent Living Assessments Part 1 of the 3-Part Transition Assessment ModelThis is the area that oftentimes impacts so many other postsecondary pursuits for students with severe and multiple disabilities.
20 Our BeliefThe law states that an independent living goal be addressed “when appropriate.”We believe that to determine if an independent living goal needs to be written, an adaptive behavior assessment needs to be given. This provides evidence of needing an independent living goal or not. How else would a team determine if an independent living goal is needed?Need to be functionally easy to use!Need to be free or reasonably priced.Lauren, give a brief comment about the importance of addressing an INDEPENDENT LIVING GOAL for you while in high school. Did you?
21 Independent Living Assessments – We‘ll Focus on a Few Personal Preference Indicators (PPI)Adult Living and Employment VersionsSupports Intensity ScaleUsed by many adult service programsEnderle-Severson Transition AssessmentsGreat tool for students with significant support needsLife Skills InventoryInformal and freeCasey Life SkillsOn-line and free
22 Personal Preference Indicators Designed for students with significant support needsAdult Living and Employment SupplementInterview formatFamily members, friends, professionals who know student wellLikes, dislikes, social indicators, choicesHealth, body clock, futureCost: freeUse the results in PLEP
24 Supports Intensity Scale American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD)
25 Supports Intensity Scale American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities444 North Capitol Street, NW • Suite 846Washington, DC 20001Ph: • Fax: •TO ORDERCall: to place order or request a Publications Order formPrice: Set: $125.00Manual: $95.0025 Interview forms: $38.75100 Interview forms: $147.25
26 Supports Intensity Scale Four-Component Planning Process
28 Enderle-Severson Transition Rating Form ESTR-JStudents with mild disabilitiesParent (available in Spanish) and Teacher versionFive Transition areasESTR-IIIStudents with “more” disabilitiesParent and Teacher versionESTR-SStudents with severe/multiple impairmentsParent and Teacher (on-line only) versionsEmployment, Rec/leisure, home living, community participation, and adult lifeEstr.net (each costs $2.00)Jim to Scan in…next slide
31 Life Skills Inventory 15 domains (money, hygiene, safety, etc) Includes Job skills too!Four levels: basic, intermediate, advanced, exceptionalMust know 3 of 5 to advance from basic to intermediateMust know the personCost: freeGoogle Life Skills Inventory or Download fromhttp://www.dshs.wa.gov/pdf/ms/forms/10_267.pdf
34 Casey Life Skills Web based Spanish, French or English, with numerous supplemental assessmentsYouth and caregiver formatsAutomatically scored and sent to youProvides different levels of questions for students across functioning levelsLevel 1 basic skillsLevel 4 complex skillsCaution: It over-estimates skills for students with the most disabilitiesCost: freeAvailable at:
38 Functional Situational Assessment for Independent Living Skills TASK ANALYSISA Task Analysis consists of a written list of the discrete steps required to complete a task, such as doing laundry, brushing teeth, mopping a floor, setting a table, maintaining a work setting, etc.
42 Vocational Interest and Skill Assessments Part 2 of the 3-Part Transition Assessment Process
43 Functional Vocational Assessment Over timeRepeated Measures Situational Assessment
44 Belief Work benefits individuals emotionally and socially Enables individuals to contribute to society and to their own well beingCan be done without fear of losing social security or other benefitsAdds meaning to life
45 Employment Options Individual Competitive Employment Individual Supported EmploymentGroup Supported EmploymentAt Home or Community-Based Entrepreneurial Jobs
46 Career Development Stages AwarenessExplorationPreparationAssimilationAdvancementJob Change(s)Exiting to Retirement
47 Choice MakingLogical choice making occurs when chosen preferences match available jobs.Discrepancy problems occur whenChosen job, task, and characteristics do not match specific jobsDiscrepancy problems diminish when job site characteristics match preferencesTask is to provide ample opportunities for students to determine matches and non-matches.
48 Tolby’s Sample Postsecondary Goal Tolby will live at home with his mother, and with the support of a job coach and on the job training he will play music during dance and nap times at a local not-for-profit children’s day care center.
49 Vocational Assessments – we’ll focus on a few Personal Preference Indicators (PPI)Adult Living and Employment VersionsCommunity Situational Assessment ProcessVideo: Choose and Take Action Vocational Assessment SoftwareWritten: Choosing Employment GoalsIllustrated: Self-Directed Supported EmploymentIllustrated Interest InventoryVideo Career ExplorationEmployability Skills Assessment
50 Personal Preference Indicators Adult Living and Employment SupplementInterview formatFamily members, friends, professionals who know student wellLikes, dislikes, social indicators, choicesHealth, body clock, futureCost: freeUse the results in PLEP
51 Vocational Assessment Software Choose and Take ActionVocational Assessment SoftwareUse of a software program and community experiences to identify entry-level job interests
52 Target PopulationSecondary students and adults with moderate to significant cognitive needs who:Have difficulty getting information from printCan attend to a computer screenCan follow simple 1 or 2 step directionsHave limited to no previous work experience
53 CTA Constructs • Vocational Choice Making • Planning CharacteristicsSettingActivities (jobs)• Planning• Community ExperienceWatchDo• Self-Evaluation• Choose Again with Adjustment
54 CTA Choice Factors14 entry-level vocational settings found in most communities15 job activities repeated across two settingsCare for animals in a vet’s officeCare for animals in a retail store12 characteristics repeated across two or three activitiesWorking in a factory where it is inside and noisy
55 CTA FeaturesA navigator to give instructions and guide user through the programRestricted mouse movementsHighlight critical features as navigator says themRecord made of all choicesInput options may include user installed touch screen
56 Format designed so teachers can add comments on student performance Teacher can set number of video clips student can see in one trialPair of video clips presented togetherMinimum teacher control over available video choices
57 SettingsActivitiesCharacteristicsCar repair shopBag items/bring cartsBig open spaceChild care centerCare for animalsSmall spaceConstruction siteCare for peopleCleanFactoryCare for plantsMessyGreenhouseClean-upFew peopleGrocery storeClear tablesMany peopleHospitalFilingInsideHotelHandle materialsOutsideJanitorial serviceHeavy cleaningNoisyLandscape CompanyLaundryQuietOfficeMove thingsWear own clothesRestaurantDo paperworkWear a uniformStoreStock shelvesVet OfficeWash dishesYard work
72 Job Duties - How I Did Job duties identified and written onto form Student evaluates speed, independent performance, and accuracySupervisor evaluates speed, independent performance, and accuracyMatch made between student and supervisor
73 Uses self-evaluation methodology to teach job performance skills and to assess job duty skills
74 Work, Social, & Personal Skills Student rates performanceSupervisor or teacher rate performanceCalculates what supervisor thinksCalculates match between worker and supervisor
87 Summary of Vocational Assessments… Insert a second puzzle piece graphic and gradually put together by the end.
88 Self-Determination & Self-Advocacy Assessments Part 3 of the 3-Part Transition Assessment Model
89 Self-Determination Constructs • Self-awareness• Self-advocacy• Self-efficacy• Decision-making• Use of self-management strategies to attain plan• Self-evaluation• Adjustment
90 Why SD Assessment? Improved postsecondary outcomes Goal setting during early adolescenceAwareness of disabilityGoal attainmentImproved academic performanceLimited studies so far
91 Self –Determination Assessments – We’ll focus on a few Guide to Assessing College ReadinessAIR Self-Determination AssessmentStudent, Parent, Teacher VersionsARC Self-Determination AssessmentStudent Version
92 Guide to Assessing College Readiness Landmark College “Parent” AssessmentRead each item with student and discussProvides Assessment for Self-Advocacy to include in annual transition goalsFive DomainsAcademic SkillsSelf-UnderstandingSelf-AdvocacyExecutive FunctioningMotivation and Confidence
93 AIR Self-Determination Assessment Parent VersionTeacher VersionStudent VersionAvailable atCost: free
95 Example Present Level of Achievement Using the AIR Self Determination Assessment StrengthsKnows own ability and limitation and can express theseSet goalsChange plan to accomplish goalsAnticipated EffectsWhen provided the opportunity to set and express goals at his next IEP meeting, Bill can engage in this activity.NeedsOpportunities at school and home to learn and practice additional SD skillsCurrent Assessment DataBill obtained a 48% on the AIR Educator Self-Determination Assessment.Objective StatementBill has about half of the overall SD skills and opportunities needed to master these skills. He needs increased school and home opportunities to develop and master additional SD skills for success in welding school.
96 Annual Transition Goal: Education/Training Bill will increase his overall self-determination score from 48% to 75% as measured on the AIR self-determination assessment.Objective/BenchmarkTo demonstrate leadership at IEP meetings, Bill will increase his scores on the Expressing Goals section of the ChoiceMaker Self-Determination Assessment from 20% to 90%.Bill will develop and implement a weekly goal attainment plan to attain two or more IEP goals by successfully completing 90% or more of the Take Action Goal Attainment process.
97 Annual Education/Training Coordinated Activities Bill will share his weekly goal attainment plan with his family.Bill will build his SOP with his family to share at the IEP meeting.Responsible PartiesBill and special education teacherBill and parents
98 ARC Self-Determination Assessment Student versionMust use the manual to scoreCost: freeAvailable at