Presentation on theme: "Driving K-12 Reform through a College-Access and Success Agenda Call-in information: 1-650-479-3208 Access code: 660 257 707."— Presentation transcript:
Driving K-12 Reform through a College-Access and Success Agenda Call-in information: Access code:
The Work AASA and College Summit have partnered, supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, to help schools and districts prepare for the 21 st Century accountability measure – POST-SECONDARY ACCESS AND SUCCESS
The New Success Measure for the American High School: College Enrollment Rate of the 9 th Grade Class. College Persistence Rate So... What’s Your High School’s College Enrollment Rate?
College = Any post-secondary educational experience with value in the marketplace College is a four-year college, a two-year community college, as well as vocational education and certification programs. College does not even necessarily refer to a campus or a physical site anymore. In 2007, 66% of all two and four- year degree Title IV granting institutions offered distance education courses in virtual learning environments.
“High schools must shift from being last-stop destinations for students on their education journey to being launching pads for further growth and lifelong learning...The mission of high schools can no longer be to simply get students to graduate. Their expanded mission, as President Obama has said, must also be to ready students for careers and college--and without the need for remediation.” U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan, (July 15, 2010 speech to the College Board AP Conference - “Three Myths of High School Reform”)
WHAT TO DO Given that post-secondary access and success will be measured for schools and districts – WE MUST OWN IT UNDERSTAND IT ACT ON IT
OWN IT – Be proactive in collecting and publicizing data on post- secondary access and success in your district UNDERSTAND IT – Drill in to the numbers for deeper understanding of the barriers to and reasons for success ACT ON IT – Devise interventions and systems that support student success.
Why is College So Urgent? 1. Academic performance increases when high schools set the goal of college success for all students. 2. College Graduates earn more, enjoy more job security, and longer, healthier, more professionally fulfilling lives. 3. The 21 st century global marketplace will demand more college-educated citizens with skill sets that can only be obtained through post-secondary education and training.
To create “Launchpad High Schools,” school districts must: Empower school staff to be leaders and advocates for students preparing for college Use data systems to track students' college enrollment and persistence rates Support first-generation students in particular throughout the college application process Create a "college-going culture" in our high schools to inspire students to meet higher standards
Research Headlines Connecting the dots: High school persistence and post- secondary attainment are linked Freshman year is crucial for staying on track School ownership of implementation and results College-going climate is the single most consistent predictor for college enrollment Academic rigor is necessary but not sufficient Effective peer leadership has the power to increase college enrollment rates Implementation impacts results
AASA and College Summit Working together to help schools and districts use post-secondary outcomes data to drive school improvement For more information and our toolkit, visit: or contact Bryan Joffe, This effort is funded through generous support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
What Do Our Schools Need to Do to Re-Form Themselves Into College Going Cultures? What do Schools Need to Do to Ensure the Future of our Children?
Improving College Going COMMON OBSTACLES
Four Obstacles to Improving College-Going #1: Failure to Attach Meaning and Importance to Data #2: Failure to Align Content and Roles #3:Failure to Message for Impact #4:Failure to Confront the Money Excuse
Obstacle #1: Failure to Attach Meaning and Importance to Data Are there meaningful college enrollment and/or persistence measurements for your schools and the district? Do your higher education institutions in your immediate area provide the meaningful data needed to assess the success of your students in their first two years of higher education? Is FERPA used as an excuse for avoiding meaningful data collection and exchange? Is improvement of attendance an important objective for the school?
Obstacle #1: Failure to Attach Meaning and Importance to Data (Continued) Is there competition between neighboring schools on college-going? Does your district subscribe to the NSC data? If so, how do they use it? Is the college-going data disaggregated by course and teacher? Do you have an individual accountable to this data collection – making them the go-to person?
Obstacle #2: Failure to Align Content and Roles Is credit recovery a proxy for low expectations and acceptance of an assumption that the student isn't "college-material"? Are your school improvement plans tied to improving college-going? Is your curriculum a college-ready curriculum for all students as a default? Are pre-requisites an impediment to entrance into challenging high school coursework? Is there a working relationship between the post- secondary institutions in your community and the K-12 school system?
Obstacle #2: Failure to Align Content and Roles (Continued) Does your staff/district staff regularly align the high school course content with the gen-ed college expectations? Is the typical school schedule in your district flexible enough to allow for regular (at least weekly) advisory sessions so that all students receive regular post- secondary planning and coaching services? Is your counseling department organized to serve college-bound students differently than those anticipated not to be college-bound? Is the counselor/student ratio prohibitive of meaningful post-secondary coaching?
Obstacle #3: Failure to Message for Impact Is the school organized and operated with real or assumed "tracks" for students? Is there regular exposure of students to first- generation college-going graduates? Does self-description of "I am not smart" go unchallenged? Is there evidence of a gender or ethnic divide in college going?
Obstacle #3: Failure to Message for Impact (Continued) Are students frightened of the "unknowns" associated with college attendance? Are students afraid to leave their hometown; have they ever ventured outside of the immediate vicinity; have you organized college tours? Do college recruiters visit with other than juniors and seniors? Are sibling/relative college-goers used as mentors? Are college-bound peers used as mentors? Are the college-going aspirations of students who are parenting, ill, special education, or returning from incarceration diminished because of their circumstance?
Obstacle #3: Failure to Message for Impact (Continued) Do exit/proficiency exam failures label a student as "not college material"? Do students who come from out-of-state or who were subject to moves due to military deployment given any special attention to assist them in obtaining a college- going objective? Is alien, non-resident, or undocumented status an impediment to college going in your school? Are LEP/NEP students largely precluded from the college-going efforts by either their own actions or that of the school? Are the academic teachers in your secondary schools willing to also serve as college coaches? Are they trained or prepared to serve as such?
Obstacle #4:Failure to Confront the Money Excuse Is the cost of entrance exams a convenient excuse for a student to avoid high expectations for their future? Is there an "understanding" among some of the parents that because of financial hardship, their children do not have access to college; and have they in subtle or not-so- subtle ways brought their children to believe that? Do all students and their parents understand financial aid options available to them? Are there management services in place to help families navigate the financial aid application process?
Assess You High School’s College-Going Culture – Dr. Keith Frome
24 Launchpad Campaign Celebration Hegel Central High School
High School Planning Workshop Peer Leaders and educators participated in a workshop to develop strategies for decreasing drop out rate and increasing college enrollment Educators and Peer Leaders form innovative partnership to achieve common goals 9 th Grade “Clean Slate” Event 9 th graders are shown how high school is a “clean slate” Peer Leaders assist with school tours and facilitation of event activities Steps Forward This Year
Peer Leadership Peer Leaders have mentored under class students and have invested in their success Peer Leaders have held after school tutoring sessions for under class students Peer Leaders created a website to support their mission Peer Leaders have served as hall monitors, and assisted freshman with lockers Peer Leaders have gone beyond expectations to increase college- going at Hegel, and thus have become true leaders for the school Steps Forward This Year
All 9 th – 11 th graders receive Launch curriculum in advisory class Teachers and students report more college “chatter”, or awareness and discussion of postsecondary options Launch Curriculum Data Check-ins with SLC Directors SLC Directors participated in four data check-ins to determine targeted strategies for supporting students Actionable data was used to determine the needs of students and spur discussion about how those needs might be met Steps Forward This Year
Percentage of Students Missing 7+ Days Per Semester Data Analysis (2009)
Percentage of Students Failing English (2009) Data Analysis
Percentage of Students Failing Math (2009) Data Analysis
31 Raw Data – th grade semester 29th grade semester 1 Students Missing 7+ Days Per Semester At Risk Students [N = 50] 50 [100%]27 [54%] Entire Class [N = 455] 64 [14%]106 [23%] Students Failing English At Risk Students [N = 45] 38 [84%]18 [40%] Entire Class [N = 455] 103 [23%]83 [18%] Students Failing Math At Risk Students [N = 46] 24 [52%]14 [30%] Entire Class [N = 455] 72 [16%]77 [17%]