Presentation on theme: "Decoding New Vocabulary. What are context clues? Information from the text that, when combined with prior knowledge, help the reader decipher the meaning."— Presentation transcript:
What are context clues? Information from the text that, when combined with prior knowledge, help the reader decipher the meaning of an unknown word.
Types of Context Clues Definition Synonym Antonym Example
Definition The meaning of the vocabulary word is in the sentence itself Etymology, which is the study of the origin of words, finds many teachers taking the bull by its horns when unraveling the mysteries of vocabulary studies.
Synonym Word(s) with similar meanings are used in the sentence Lou felt as though she had been sent to the doghouse when Louisa admonished her for fighting at school. “sent to the doghouse” means to be punished
Antonym Word(s) with opposite meanings are used in the sentence It was your duplicity that caused me to break up with you! Had you been honest, I wouldn't have felt the need.
Example Examples help the reader infer the meaning of the new word Celestial bodies, such as the sun, moon, and stars, are governed by predictable laws.
How to find context clues Pay attention to punctuation - dashes and commas can provide important clues Notice key words such as “or” and “that is” – they can give hints to a word’s meaning Look out for the location of the word – being near a noun or verb can help determine the part of speech
How to Make a Word Map vocab word context clue type of clue definition
Example Word Map annals won’t find… but… mythology antonym chronological records; historical accounts