Presentation on theme: "It’s not just about pausing.. Compound sentence = two independent clauses are joined by a comma + coordinating conjunction (cc) Formula: ◦ Compound."— Presentation transcript:
Compound sentence = two independent clauses are joined by a comma + coordinating conjunction (cc) Formula: ◦ Compound sentence = I +, + cc + I +. Example: I love to dance, so I enrolled in a jazz class.
Series = a list of 3 or more words, phrases, or clauses All items in a series should be separated by commas Formula: ◦ Series = Item +, + Item +, + cc + Item Examples: I met the principal, the secretary and the custodian. I went to the market, Joel went to the shoe store, and Francine went to the hospital.
Use commas to separate adjectives of equal rank ◦ The tired, hungry hikers straggled into camp. ◦ The hungry, tired hikers straggled into camp. Do not use commas to separate adjectives if they must go in a specific order. Several tired hikers straggled into camp. NOT: Tired several hikers straggled into camp.
Types of introductory words: ◦ Interjections ◦ Names Types of introductory phrases ◦ Prepositional phrase ◦ Participial phrase ◦ Infinitive phrase Examples of introductory words: Boy, those socks smell bad! Sarah, do you love me? Examples of introductory phrases: In the front of the bus, the teacher took a nap. Lying all about, the seals were awfully lazy. To be perfectly honest, I don’t like grammar
A noun of direct address An appositive phrase Some adverbs Common expressions A non-essential dependent clause Example of noun of direct address ◦ What do you think, Hank? Example of an appositive phrase ◦ Hank, the cow-dog, loved to take long naps. Example of an interrupting adverb Hank, therefore, had to work long afternoons on the trail. Example of a common expression ◦ Hank, in fact, loved to nap. Example of a non-essential dependent clause ◦ Hank, who loves to sleep in the sun, worked long afternoons on the trail.
Dates Geographical names Addresses Letter parts Numbers Quotations Example date ◦ Thursday, October 21, 2010, was the day that I edited this PowerPoint. Geographical name ◦ McKinney, Texas, USA, was where this PowerPoint was made. Address ◦ To be specific, Scoggins Middle School at 7070 Stacy Road, McKinney, TX 75070, was where this was made. Letter parts ◦ Dearest students, ◦ Love, Mrs. Wiseman Numbers ◦ 1,304,213 minutes went into becoming amazing. Quotations ◦ “I hope,” said the student, “that the test is easy.”