Presentation on theme: "ELA Review Packet ELA Test April 17 th, 18 th, and 19th."— Presentation transcript:
ELA Review Packet ELA Test April 17 th, 18 th, and 19th
Reading Comprehension Read the titles of the texts and make predictions. – What will this piece be about? Read all subtitles and captions – these provide information that will help you understand what the piece is about. Review the questions before you read the passage. Mark up the passage – underline, make notes, highlight. Visualize what you are reading. Try to make a movie of the story in your head. Constantly question what you are reading – Why is this happening? What happened? Who is this happening to?
Making Inferences Narrow down your choices by taking information that you already know and combining it with information you read in a text. What was I going to write? I had to write a short mystery story, and I couldn't come up with a mystery! So, I just started to write. I wrote whatever came to mind. It was nothing much at first. However, before long an idea came to me. I thought back to the time when I had a decision to make. I was a young girl then. I think I was in second or third grade. Anyway, my friend Tommy and I started to hang around an older girl in the neighborhood. This girl liked to make trouble. One day, we went behind the garage. She wanted some snacks, so I snuck upstairs to our apartment. I took out a bunch of small potato chip bags. We munched away, and she wanted to do something interesting. She took out some matches. We began to light some small sticks and burn some small things. Now, my dad was a fireman, and I have to tell you that I did feel funny. Especially when she suggested that we leave a match burning by a small building just below us. There was a railroad station down the hill from our house, and she thought it would be interesting to see what happened. Now, I had a choice to make. What would I do? Later that night, I confessed everything to my parents. I was never comfortable lying. I never got punished, because I was honest. I felt a little stupid, but not as much as I would have if I hadn't known when to say "no." I shudder to think how we could have caused major damage. I didn't end up hanging out with that girl for very long. The company you keep is important. What did the older girl want to do? This girl had trouble with: A.Telling the truth B.Horsing around C.Stealing D.Lying When did this story take place?
Subject Verb Agreement Remember, your subjects and verbs MUST agree. If your subject is singular, your verb must be singular. If your subject is plural, your verb must be plural. Singular Subjects Most singular subjects DO NOT have an “s” at the end of the word. Car Building Person He/she/it Singular Verbs Most singular verbs DO HAVE an “s” at the end. Runs Reaches Loves goes Plural Subjects Plural subjects DO HAVE an “s” at the end of the word. Cars Buildings People They Plural Verbs Plural verbs DO NOT have the “s” at the end of the word. Run Reach Love Go
Subject/Verb Agreement Practice 1) I ____ (are, am) happy. 2) Rice ____ (taste, tastes) good with chicken. 3) He ____ (are, is) wearing a blue shirt. 4) Roberto ____ (plays, play) soccer. 5) You ____ (drive, drives) a car to work. 6) Tom ____ (use, uses) a fork to eat. 7) Jenny ____ (am, is) a good student. 8) Cars ____ (take, takes) people from one place to another. 9) You ____ (has, have) a nice smile. 10) Those pencils ____ (need, needs) to be sharpened
Capitalization Rules Capitalize the first word of every sentence. Ex: Capitalize the pronoun “I” every time you use it. Ex: Capitalize a person’s name. Ex: Capitalize a person’s title when used with their given name. Ex: Capitalize important words in titles. Ex: Capitalize brand names, proper nouns. Ex: Capitalize geographical names. Ex:
Literary Term Review Sheet Alliteration: the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words in a phrase. Onomatopoeia: words that sound like what they mean. Repetition: words or phrases that are repeated in a literary work. Simile: comparison of two objects or ideas using the words “like” or “as” Metaphor: a direct comparison of two objects. Stating that one thing is another. Imagery: descriptive words that the author uses to appeal to the readers five senses. Personification: giving human characteristics to non-human things. Characterization/Setting/Theme/Plot (check your notes for these - we went over them MANY MANY times Conflict: a struggle between two forces (internal and external) Hyperbole: extreme exaggeration Flashback: an interruption in the events of a story to tell the reader about something that happened earlier. Foreshadow: clues about what will happen in the future
Literary Terms Choose from the list of words below to identify the definitions listed. AlliterationSimileForeshadowMetaphorImagery OnomatopoeiaRepetition Personification CharacterizationSetting ThemeConflictHyperboleFlashback The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words in a phrase. struggle between two forces (internal and external) __________________ An interruption in events to let the reader know about something that happened earlier ________________________________ words that sound like what they mean. _________________________ extreme exaggeration _________________________ giving human characteristics to non-human things. _____________________ descriptive words that the author uses to appeal to the readers five senses. _____________________ a direct comparison of two objects. Stating that one thing is another. ________________________________ comparison of two objects or ideas using the words “like” or “as” _______________________________ words or phrases that are repeated in a literary work. ___________________ Clues to events that will happen in the future __________________________________
Literary Terms: Identify these examples. AlliterationSimileMetaphorImagery OnomatopoeiaRepetition Personification CharacterizationSetting ThemeConflictHyperbole Her smile is like a ray of sunshine! The smart little girl had long, blond, curly hair. The story in the novel took place in San Diego during the Cold War. The lovely little girl looks longingly at lavender lollilops. The book taught me that you never know what you have until it is gone. The student was wondering whether or not he should study for his test or go out with his friends. I am so hungry I could eat a cow! The garbage covers went CLANG on the pavement. The beautiful sunset cast a bold, intense, yellow light on the horizon. The thief was a beast during the arrest. WE REAL COOL We real cool. We Left school. We Lurk late. We Strike straight. We Sing sin. We Thin gin. We Jazz June. We Die soon.
Written Responses Paragraphs TDEC your response. T: topic sentence D: detail E: Explanation C: Conclusion Underline what the question is asking. Go back to the passage and find details (at least three) to answer the questions. The ESSAY Read the essay prompt and underline what the prompt is asking you to write about. Determine how many paragraphs your essay will have by looking at the bullet points. You should have one paragraph for each bullet. Create a little outline for your essay before you begin writing. Use SPECIFIC details from the passages in your essay. ONLY include your personal opinion if they ask for it. SPECS: Spelling, Punctuation, End marks, Capitalization, Sentences