2 Break the Ice Doug History 211-354-847 Task I Listen to the audio and fill in the form. p.4
3 Break the Ice Audio Transcripts: My name is Doug Nestor, and I’m a quiet person. If I’m not in class, I’m listening to music. In fact, I have the radio on even when I sleep. In my leisure time, I enjoy watching TV and spending time with my girlfriend. She often comes to see me. I hope my roommate helps to keep the room tidy. I like to stay up late. Sometimes, I sleep until noon, but I usually go out to study. I’m a history major, and it would be nice to have a roommate from the same department. That way, we would be able to work together. Finally, I don’t smoke. I think people should go outside to smoke. If you want to get in touch with me, text me at 211-354- 847.
4 Break the Ice Task II Use the words from Task I to fill in the chart. p.2 Word / PhraseDefinition / Synonym 1.night owlsomeone who goes to sleep late 2.to stop sleeping 3.likes to keep things tidy 4.whom you share a room with 5.to not go to bed 6.last name, family name 7.when you like one thing more than another 8.someone’s character wake up neat roommate stay up surname preference personality
5 Expand Your Vocabulary A.Class Interview Find a classmate who answers yes. Write down their name and the adjective that describes them. entertaining talkative anxious thoughtful creative knowledgeable responsible untidy pleasant calm flexible energetic Do you…ClassmateAdjective 1. speak a lot? 2. often think of others? 3. have other people’s trust? 4. rarely get tired? 5. know a lot of things? 6. have a dirty room? talkative thoughtful responsible energetic knowledgeable untidy
6 Expand Your Vocabulary A.Class Interview Find a classmate who answers yes. Write down their name and the adjective that describes them. entertaining talkative anxious thoughtful creative knowledgeable responsible untidy pleasant calm flexible energetic Are you…ClassmateAdjective 1. a fun person? 2. easily worried? 3. nice and friendly? 4. open to different things? 5. full of new ideas? 6. relaxed most of the time? entertaining anxious pleasant flexible creative calm
7 Expand Your Vocabulary B. Listen Up What are the speaker and his brother Todd like? Listen and check the appropriate space. DescriptionSpeakerTodd 1.He doesn’t talk much. 2.He gets anxious sometimes. 3. He doesn’t work hard at school. 4.He is a creative person. 5.He is entertaining. 6. He has knowledge about many things.
8 Expand Your Vocabulary Audio Transcripts: My brother Todd and I are extremely different. Todd isn’t shy at all, and he really believes in himself. I get nervous more easily. I’m also a much more hardworking student than Todd is. He doesn’t care about school. Another difference is that I’m not good at things like art and music. Todd, on the other hand, plays the drums in a band and often composes his own songs. People enjoy being around him, and he has many friends. Everybody likes his stories and jokes. I am a little less talkative, but I’m also an interesting person. I know a lot of things about different topics. We have different personalities, but we are very close.
9 go-getter sweetheart team player show-off works well with others works hard to succeed is kind to others tries to impress people too much Expand Your Vocabulary C. Language Tip Sometimes we use compound nouns to describe people. Match the type of person with the quality.
11 Dialogue Zone A. Antonyms Match the word in bold with its antonym. p.12 p.13 p.14 p.15
12 1. Kathy gets ___________ when she has to give a speech in front of her classmates. 2. It was ___________ of Emily to remember to buy me a birthday present. Dialogue Zone A. Antonyms Use the words in bold (p. 11) to fill in the blanks. p.11 anxious thoughtful
13 3. That is a very ___________ movie. I fell asleep watching it. 4. You need to be more ___________. It doesn’t hurt to make changes. boring flexible Dialogue Zone A. Antonyms p.11 Use the words in bold (p. 11) to fill in the blanks.
14 5. Jimmy is a(n) ___________ person to be around. He’s so friendly. 6. Your room looks pretty ___________. Do you clean it every day? pleasant neat Dialogue Zone A. Antonyms p.11 Use the words in bold (p. 11) to fill in the blanks.
15 7.Dave is ___________. He never loses things. 8. Sally is so ___________. She spends a lot of time on her phone. talkative Dialogue Zone A. Antonyms p.11 responsible Use the words in bold (p. 11) to fill in the blanks.
16 1.What are you up to? a. What are you doing? b. What do you want? 2. I can’t stand living with untidy roommates. a. I don’t need to live with friendly people. b. I don’t like to live with messy people. Dialogue Zone B. Meanings In Context Choose the meaning of the sentence in the conversation.
17 3. Let me know how things go! a. Tell me what happens. b. Tell me where you’re going. 4. Take care. a. Help me. b. See you later. Dialogue Zone B. Meanings In Context Choose the meaning of the sentence in the conversation.
18 Dialogue Zone C. True, False, or Unknown Check T if the statement is true, F if it’s false, or U if it’s unknown. 1.T F U Doug is about to move. 2. T F U Having a dependable roommate is important to James.
19 Dialogue Zone C. True, False, or Unknown 3. T F U Doug is probably a messy person. 4. T F U James doesn’t like to make friends with people. Check T if the statement is true, F if it’s false, or U if it’s unknown.
20 Dialogue Zone C. True, False, or Unknown 5. T F U Doug has to live with a quiet person. 6. T F U James doesn’t need to be good friends with his roommate. Check T if the statement is true, F if it’s false, or U if it’s unknown.
21 Expression Practice A. Check the Correct Answers Listen to the audio. Check the appropriate statements about each speaker.
22 Expression Practice Audio Transcripts: Speaker 1: Evan I’m an easygoing guy, so I would like to meet an easygoing girl. If she is friendly and relaxed, chances are that I’ll get along with her. I like sweet, thoughtful girls. Really, I just want to find an understanding and friendly person. If I have that, then I’ll be content. But, there is one thing — I am neat and tidy. I don’t want a messy girlfriend. She should always clean up after herself. In fact, I can’t stand untidy people because I think they’re really selfish. Honestly though, I’m pretty flexible, except for that. I just want a good listener, but she also has to be neat.
23 Expression Practice A. Check the Correct Answers Listen to the audio. Check the appropriate statements about each speaker.
24 Expression Practice Audio Transcripts: Speaker 2: Sherry I don’t want a boring or lazy boyfriend. I would rather have someone active and exciting. I am very energetic, and my boyfriend would have to be energetic as well. I like hiking, swimming, and being outdoors. If a guy has never tried these things before, that’s OK. I just hope that he can be open-minded and adventurous. It’s always good to try new things. Of course, it’s also important that a guy is smart and honest. I am pretty talkative, so I would prefer an outgoing guy. He should share the same interests as me or at least be willing to try something new. That’s the kind of guy that I want.
25 Expression Practice B. Fill in the Blanks Listen to the dialogues. Complete the sentences with the words you hear. Some blanks may have more than one word. 1.Jim has pain in his __________. 2.It __________ when Jim ate potato chips because they were not __________ enough. tooth hurt soft
26 Expression Practice Audio Transcripts: Dialogue 1: Rita: Hey, Jim. What’s wrong? You look like you’re in a lot of pain. Jim: My tooth has hurt for three days. Rita: I feel sorry for you. Is it serious? Jim: Well, I can’t eat anything unless it’s soft. Yesterday, I tried to eat some potato chips, and it really hurt. It’s too bad because potato chips are my favorite snack. Rita: Have you been to see a dentist? Jim: Not yet. It’s the weekend, and most of the dentist offices are full. I made an appointment, but it’s not until next week. Rita: I hope you feel better. Don’t eat any potato chips! Jim: I’ll try. See you later. Rita: Bye.
27 Expression Practice B. Fill in the Blanks 3. The woman smelled something __________ and saw __________, so she stopped her car. 4. There is also a problem with the woman’s __________. She couldn’t call for __________. smoke strange help cell phone Listen to the dialogues. Complete the sentences with the words you hear. Some blanks may have more than one word.
28 Expression Practice Audio Transcripts: Dialogue 2: Police Officer: Hello. What seems to be the issue? Are you having trouble with your car? Woman: Yes. I was driving, and then I smelled something strange. A moment after that, I saw smoke! Police Officer: That’s terrible. Then what happened? Woman: Well, I knew that something was wrong with my car, so I stopped. Police Officer: Have you called anyone for help? Woman: I tried, but my cell phone is not working. Police Officer: That’s alright. I will call someone to pick you up and have a look at your car. Woman: Thank you so much. I hope it’s nothing expensive!
29 Expression Practice B. Fill in the Blanks 5. The baby usually cries when he feels __________ or __________. 6. The place is so __________ that the baby can’t fall asleep. tired hungry loud Listen to the dialogues. Complete the sentences with the words you hear. Some blanks may have more than one word.
30 Expression Practice Audio Transcripts: Dialogue 3: Man: What’s the matter with your son? He seems so upset. Woman: I know. He won’t stop crying! I’m so sorry that he’s bothering you. Man: It’s OK. I have kids too. So, what’s the problem? Do you think he’s tired? Woman: Yes, I think so. When he starts crying, it usually means that he’s tired or hungry. But it’s so loud here. I don’t think he can sleep. Man: Well, I’ll try to be quiet so your son can rest. Maybe then he will be in a better mood. Woman: Thank you. I really appreciate your help and sorry again for the noise.
31 David’s OpinionAgreeDisagreeReason 1.A cold spot is perfect. 2.Somewhere hot would be nice. 3.Going camping doesn’t sound great. 4.Bali is too crowded. 5.Guam sounds good. Jacob will sneeze and cough the whole time. Expression Practice C. Complete the Chart David and Jacob are going on vacation. Does Jacob agree with David? Check the boxes and write the reasons for any disagreements.
32 Expression Practice Audio Transcripts: David: I’m so excited about our holiday! Jacob: Me too! I can’t wait! Where do you think we should go for our trip? David: I’m not really sure. I’d like to go some place really cold. Jacob: I totally disagree with you. I’ll sneeze and cough the whole time. I just want to go somewhere and relax. David: So do I. OK then. How about somewhere hot? I like hot weather. Jacob: I like it too. Maybe we should go camping in the mountains. I bet that would be great. David: No way. If we go camping, I’ll be dirty the whole time. Jacob: Hmm... You’re right. How about Bali? David: I don’t think so. This time of year, Bali will be really crowded. Jacob: That’s for sure. Alright. Are you interested in Thailand? It should be pretty cheap. David: That’s not true. It’s expensive right now. What do you think about Guam? Jacob: Yeah! Guam. I totally agree with you.
33 Grammar Practice A. Fill in the Blanks Use will or be going to and the verbs in parentheses to complete the sentences. 1. A: Why do you have your car keys? B: I ________________ (drive) to the store. 2. A: We are running out of milk. B: I ________________ (buy) some when I’m out today. am going to drive will buy / am going to buy
34 Grammar Practice A. Fill in the Blanks Use will or be going to and the verbs in parentheses to complete the sentences. 3. Next month our company ________________ (move) to a new location. 4. If I have time, I ________________ (visit) my brother this week. will move / is going to move will visit / am going to visit
35 Grammar Practice A. Fill in the Blanks Use will or be going to and the verbs in parentheses to complete the sentences. 5. I ________________ (have) dinner with my wife tonight. 6. A: Excuse me, I want to speak with someone about our hotel room. It’s dirty. B: That man at the front desk ________________ (help) you. will have / am going to have will help
36 Grammar Practice B. Listen and Check Four people win the lottery. Listen to their plans. Circle a, b, or c. Bill He is / They are going to… a.go to Asia. b.quit his job. c.get married. He is / They are NOT going to… a.travel. b.go with his wife. c.start a business.
37 Expression Practice Audio Transcripts: Dialogue 1: Host: Congratulations on winning the lottery, Bill. What are you going to do now? Bill: I haven’t made any plans yet. First, I’m going to have to think about it. Host: Well, what do you think you’ll do? Bill: I’ll travel around the world. I’m visiting Asia first. After that, I’ll go to Africa. I’ll just make the decisions while I’m traveling. Host: Are you going to travel by yourself? Bill: Of course not! I’ll be going with my wife. Host: No matter what you do, I’m sure that you’ll have a good time. Bill: Thanks. And who knows? Maybe some day you’ll win the lottery! Host: I hope so. I’m going to buy some new tickets tonight. Wish me luck! Bill: I will.
38 Grammar Practice B. Listen and Check Adam and Brian He is / They are going to… a.go on vacation. b.open a restaurant. c.get a new car. He is / They are NOT going to… a.visit Africa. b.celebrate. c.relax. Four people win the lottery. Listen to their plans. Circle a, b, or c.
39 Expression Practice Audio Transcripts: Dialogue 2: Adam: We won all of this money! I can’t believe it. What are we going to do with it? Brian: I’m not sure. This week, I think we’ll celebrate, right? Adam: That’s a great idea. But what are we going to do after that? Brian: We should start a business. We’ll have fun if we do that, don’t you think? Adam: We definitely will! But what kind of business are we opening? Brian: How about a restaurant? Adam: A restaurant will require a lot of work. I don’t want to work anymore. I’m relaxing for the rest of my life! Brian: But I really want to try it. Will you help me? Adam: Well, why not? Alright. We’re going to open a restaurant.
40 Grammar Practice B. Listen and Check Tom He is / They are going to… a.travel abroad. b.buy a home. c.go back to school. He is / They are NOT going to… a.throw a party. b.retire next week. c.meet his friends. Four people win the lottery. Listen to their plans. Circle a, b, or c.
41 Expression Practice Audio Transcripts: Dialogue 3: Agent: I know you, Mr. Wilson. You won the lottery! Tom: That’s right. Just call me Tom. Agent: So, now you’re going to buy a house? Tom: Yes. Will you be able to help me? Agent: No problem. We have a lot of houses available. I’m sure we’ll find one that you like. Tom: Great. I think I’m going to enjoy looking for a house. Agent: Of course you’re going to. Would you like to start looking tonight? Tom: Sorry, but tonight I’m having dinner with my friends. We’re going to celebrate! Agent: When can we start? Tom: I’ll be ready next week. How about Monday? Agent: That will be fine for me. Tom: OK. See you Monday.
42 Grammar Practice C. Review of Past, Present, and Future Fill in the blanks with the proper verb forms. Dear Editor, I 1. _______________ (worry) about global warming all the time. Most people don’t seem to care, but I think it’s a very serious problem. It 2. _______________ (get) worse. Yesterday, I 3. _______________ (hear) some bad news. The planet 4. _______________ (become) even hotter next year! That 5. _______________ (scare) me. I 6. _______________ (not sleep) at all last night. worry is going to get / is getting / will get heard is going to become / will become scares didn’t sleep
43 Grammar Practice C. Review of Past, Present, and Future Fill in the blanks with the proper verb forms. Hopefully, governments 7. _______________ (do) something about this problem. Next week, they 8. _______________ (have) a big conference about it. Maybe they 9. _______________ (solve) the problem. If they keep avoiding this issue, pollution 10. _______________ (become) much worse. I hope that they 11. _______________ (work) together to make things better! Sincerely, Betty will do / are going to do will have / are going to have / are having will solve will become / is going to become will work / are going to work
44 Reading What do you like to eat? How often do you work out? You can probably answer these questions, but do you know the reasons for your answers? Everything is related to your personality. Our personality type determines how we think, talk, and live. p.51 p.49
45 Reading Your personality, for example, can affect your eating habits. Chocolate lovers are emotional. They love sweet food, like candy and ice cream. Carbohydrate eaters want bread and pasta when they are under stress. p.49 p.51
46 Reading Personality can also influence how you exercise. If you’re a relaxed person, group workouts (like a cycling class) may suit you. If you’re hardworking and serious, you should exercise with a fit person. This is why knowing your personality type is useful. Understanding your personality helps you make changes and improve your life. p.50
47 Reading There are lots of personality types. Extroverts enjoy talking and working with others. Introverts are the opposite. They are more private and prefer to work alone. A thinking person uses facts to make decisions. A feeling person comes to decisions through emotion. Doctors are learning more about personality types all the time. p.51
48 Reading If you’re interested in learning about your real personality, go online and find out. You might learn some amazing things about yourself. p.50
49 1. character: ______________ (paragraph 1) 2. influence: ______________ (paragraph 2) 3. decide: ______________ (paragraph 1) Reading A. Synonyms Write the word / phrase from the article next to its matching synonym. determine affect p.44 p.45 personality p.44
50 4. diligent: ______________ (paragraph 3) 5. helpful: ______________ (paragraph 4) 6. great: ______________ (paragraph 6) Reading A. Synonyms Write the word / phrase from the article next to its matching synonym. hardworking useful amazing p.48 p.46
51 7. pressure: ______________ (paragraph 2) 8. exercise: ______________ (paragraph 1) 9. always: ______________ (paragraph 5) Reading A. Synonyms Write the word / phrase from the article next to its matching synonym. work out stress all the time p.47 p.44 p.45
52 1. Jack is a very __________ person. He never feels stressed. (calm) 2. My brother lifts weights three times a week. That’s why he’s so __________. (strong and healthy) Reading B. Word Definitions Use the clues to fill in the blanks with the word choices given. Change the word form if necessary. relaxed fit relate emotional relaxed suit serious fit opposite private
53 3. Darren loves kids, so teaching __________ him. (match) 4. Fred’s health is __________ to his happiness. (connect) suits related Reading B. Word Definitions Use the clues to fill in the blanks with the word choices given. Change the word form if necessary. relate emotional relaxed suit serious fit opposite private
54 Reading B. Word Definitions Use the clues to fill in the blanks with the word choices given. Change the word form if necessary. private serious relate emotional relaxed suit serious fit opposite private 5. Charlie is a(n) __________ guy. He doesn’t talk much about his personal life. (likes being alone) 6. You’re too __________. Try to laugh a little more! (rarely smiles)
55 7. Cindy can be __________ sometimes. She will probably cry if she watches that movie. (feels things strongly) 8. Black is the __________ of white. (as different as possible) Reading B. Word Definitions Use the clues to fill in the blanks with the word choices given. Change the word form if necessary. emotional opposite relate emotional relaxed suit serious fit opposite private
56 Reading C. Multiple Choice Circle the answers. 1. Which of the following statements is true? a. Chocolate lovers should never exercise. b. Introverts hate other people. c. Your personality affects the way you eat. d. Doctors already know everything about our personality.
57 Reading C. Multiple Choice Circle the answers. 2. What does the writer NOT agree with? a. Easy exercises suit serious people. b. Knowing your personality improves your life. c. Relaxed people should exercise in groups. d. People should learn about their personality.
58 Reading C. Multiple Choice Circle the answers. 3. The writer asks you to go online to learn more about... a. exercise. b. dieting. c. carbohydrates and chocolate. d. who you are.
59 Reading C. Multiple Choice Circle the answers. 4. What is another appropriate title for the article? a. Candy, Carbs, and Chocolate b. Personality and Health c. How to Be Friends with Everyone d. Introverts and Extroverts