Presentation on theme: "How to manage the educational dilemma of copyright and plagiarism. Kirsty Myrrhwood and Jane Bloxham."— Presentation transcript:
How to manage the educational dilemma of copyright and plagiarism. Kirsty Myrrhwood and Jane Bloxham
In an article in Good Teacher in 2002, Gwen Gawith states: “The impact of ICT has been an exponential increase in the amount of information and also an exponential increase in the ways it can be copied, manipulated, reproduced and communicated.” (p.1)
She also says, “Young people need little help in using new technology and recognising the purposes of which it can be used. “Young people need little help in using new technology and recognising the purposes of which it can be used. Where they need all the guidance we can provide is in using, legally and ethically, the information it purveys.” (p.1).
Plagiarism is stealing a ride on someone else’s train of thought. Russell E Curran Cartoon by Tzon Earf, 2007
We are all aware of plagiarism and copyright as students of Massey University. We have to sign the plagiarism declaration on our coversheets when we send in our assignments.... Right? Right?
All of the following are considered plagiarism: Turning in someone else's work as your own. Copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit. Failing to put a quotation in quotation marks.
Giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation. Changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit. Copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not. (www.plagiarism.org, 2009)
How many of us have used pictures or work from the internet and have not obtained permission from the author? How many have used a part of an existing assignment and put it into a new one? How many have printed more than 3 pages of photocopying?
Try taking our ‘Copyright for Teachers Quiz’ on the ‘Copyright for Teachers Quiz’ on the ‘How-not-to-cheat’ page on the Wikispaces site. on the Wikispaces site.
There are many good information sites to look at and two of the most informative we have found are:
Is it cheating or is it ignorance? The internet has given rise to “paper mills -websites like cheater.com or essaysonfile.com where students can get pre-written essays with the swipe of a credit card.” (Stevenson, 2005).
“A study by the Center of Academic Integrity, found that almost 80% of college students in the USA admit to cheating at least once.” ( plagiarism.org., 2009) “Back in 1940 only 20% of students admitted to cheating during their academic careers. Today that number has increased to 75-98%.” (Education-Portal.com, 2007)
“At Waikato University the discipline policy hinges on the four D’s, detect, discipline, deter, deny, - with consequences ranging from warnings to mark downgrades and denied degrees.(Stevenson 2005)
We can be aware. Being informed is one part of the solution. If we know what to look for with our students work we can be aware when there could be potential problems with written essays, for example.
As the digital age has exacerbated the problem, technology has served to seek out the “plague of plagiarism” (Gawith, 2002 p.3) with software like “Turnitin.com and iThenticate and Writecheck.” (Plagiarism.org, 2009)
While we can use these sites to turn up students in our classes, who do flout the rules, shouldn’t we be looking at other ways of engaging them in more ethical approaches to their study. We think the punitive path will not always be the best for secondary school students.
This is where we need to be the guides, as teachers, and inform our students. We can start young: “in primary schools we often actively condone this type of plagiarism. Often, because children are young, we ignore it when children copy substantial portions and when they do not reference their sources. (Gawith, 2002)
“To beat the cheat we need to train the brain” “Schools have a major role to play in developing integrity.” (Tuck, 2008)
To help students become aware of plagiarism we have devised a fun ‘E personality’ quiz “Are you a cheater?” which they can take online or on paper. You will find it on the ‘How-not-to-cheat’ page on the Wikispaces site. on the Wikispaces site.
We found a very good site called which had a very good video for students to watch called All Right to Copy?
We believe, while we can take the four D’s approach in Tertiary Education in New Zealand, we should be taking the path of guidance advisors in secondary schools. If we can “emphasise the ethical and moral, as well as legal dimensions of intellectual property,” (Gawith,2002 p.4) at an early age students have no excuses for being ignorant If we can “emphasise the ethical and moral, as well as legal dimensions of intellectual property,” (Gawith,2002 p.4) at an early age students have no excuses for being ignorant.
With the New Curriculum being implemented in 2010 we have the great advantage of having flexibility within the assessment framework to be creative with our projects and tasks for study. With collaborative working and an emphasis on skills and processes with our assignments we can avoid many of the traps of plagiarism.
References Bloxham, J. & Myrrhwood, K. (2009) Copyright for teachers quiz. How not to cheat page. Bloxham, J. & Myrrhwood, K. (2009) Are you a cheater quiz. How not to cheat page. Curran R.E. In Zuck, R.B. (1997) The speakers quote book. Grand Rapids. Kregel Books. Earf, T. (2007). Retrieved Oct 26, from Education-Portal.com (2007).75 to 98 percent of college students have cheated. Retrieved 26 October 2009 from: portal.com/articles/75_to_98_Percent_of_College_Students_Have_Cheated.htmlhttp://education- portal.com/articles/75_to_98_Percent_of_College_Students_Have_Cheated.html Gawith, G. (2002). Intellectual property:What teachers need to teach. Good Teacher. Term 2. Ithenticate.com (2009) In plagiarism.org. Retrieved 26 October 2009 from Plagiarism.org (2009).What is Plagiarism? (n.d.) Retrieved Oct from Smartcopy (2009). All right to copy? Retrieved 26 October 2009 from Stevenson, P. (2005).Not in their own words. Retrieved 26 October 2009 from: news/news/article.cfm?c_id=55&objectid= news/news/article.cfm?c_id=55&objectid= TKI (2009). Copyright in schools. Retrieved 26 October 2009 from: Tuck, V. (2008). Time for a rethink on internet plagiarism. Retrieved 26 October 2009 from: Turnitin.com (2009) In plagiarism.org. Retrieved 26 October 2009 from Writecheck (2009) In plagiarism.org. Retrieved 26 October 2009 from