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The Research Process. ld%20History%20Lesson

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Presentation on theme: "The Research Process. ld%20History%20Lesson"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Research Process


3 ld%20History%20Lesson ld%20History%20Lesson

4 Research & the Standards Language Arts, History, Science, Technology: “Research to Build and Present Knowledge”

5 “Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects…” “…to answer a question or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.”

6 “Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print and digital sources…” “…using advanced searches effectively; assess the strengths and limitations of each source in terms of the specific task, purpose, and audience; integrate information into the text selectively to maintain the flow of ideas, avoiding plagiarism and overreliance on any one source and following a standard format for citation.”

7 “Corresponding College and Career Readiness Anchor Standard” “Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects based on focused questions, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.”

8 “Corresponding College and Career Readiness Anchor Standard” “Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, assess the credibility and accuracy of each source, and integrate the information while avoiding plagiarism.”

9 Research Skills Generate a Research Question/Topic/Thesis InfOhio sample topic chart Search the Internet Assess Website Credibility Record Sources Take Notes

10 Writing Skills Outline Synthesize Sources to Maintain Idea Flow Deal with Discrepancies Avoid Plagiarism Follow Standard Citation Format

11 Technology Skills Internet Search Skills Website Credibility, iCONN bibliographic information, Word References Word and Google Docs

12 Research Skills

13 Generate a Research Question/Topic/Thesis Depends on length & type of assignment A short, “find out about…” assignment will not need a developed topic or thesis A research report/paper should have a thesis

14 Search the Internet So much more than Google iCONN, a service of the CT State Library Tell students how many websites they must use for their research

15 Assess Website Credibility Show students how to asses the credibility of internet resources

16 Record Sources Record bibliographic details of electronic sources while conducting the research to cite sources effectively and return to the source to check facts and avoid plagiarism

17 One method for recording sources… Record URL’s in a Word document designate each source by letter (Source A, Source B, etc.) Source A:

18 Citation Helpers Citation feature in iCONN Article citation provided References feature in Word Create a Works Cited “cheat sheet” and a “parenthetical citations” cheat sheet

19 Take Notes Index Cards Source Letter (see slide 18) Paraphrase OR Direct Quotation in quotation marks (with page # if applicable) ONE fact per card

20 Tell students how many index cards they need The index cards are later used to create the outline of the research report

21 Source A “Memorizing facts fails to provide adequate understanding of the concept.” page 4

22 Source A Learning is not guaranteed when students are asked only to remember isolated bits of information.

23 Writing Skills

24 Outline Index cards are spread out on the desk and student physically organizes them into 3 or 4 logical subsets by putting cards with similar facts together

25 Synthesize Sources to Maintain Idea Flow Working the researched ideas into the body of the report Goal: fluency

26 Deal with Discrepancies What to do when sources do not agree Student as reporter, not evaluator, of research

27 Avoid Plagiarism Take careful notes InfOhio sample search chart Paraphrase correctly Use direct quotations sparingly Cite all research with in-text citations Credit all research sources with appropriate format

28 Follow Standard Citation Format Prepares students for college Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab) OWL

29 Technology

30 Internet Search Skills iCONN Part of the Connecticut Education Network Free 24/7 access to multiple magazines and EBSCO databases.

31 Website Credibility C.R.A.P. Currency, Reliability, Authority, Point of View CRAPpy Song

32, iCONN bibliographic information, Word References iCONN bibliographic information Word: References feature



35 Word and Google Docs Type assignment in Word Spell Check References Feature Upload and share using Google Docs

36 Recap Students need to learn how to conduct responsible internet research Students need numerous opportunities to practice and build research skills

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