Presentation on theme: "Alexander Schwarz Office of Psychometrics, Accountability, Research and Evaluation Michigan Department of Education."— Presentation transcript:
Alexander Schwarz Office of Psychometrics, Accountability, Research and Evaluation Michigan Department of Education
Used as measure of accountability U.S. Department of Education Schools ranked from 99 to 0 on student performance Schools held accountable: Achievement Improvement Achievement Gap Graduation (high schools only) Top-to-Bottom (TTB) List
Highest four, five, or six year graduation rate used z-score values are capped to -2 and +2 Scorecard performance impacts Top-To-Bottom Priority and Focus categories Top-to-Bottom Changes in 2013
Each component applies to each subject for a school: Achievement Improvement in achievement over time Achievement gap measure between top scoring 30% of students versus the bottom scoring 30% of students Individual components tell schools something about their overall performance and can be used for diagnostic purposes Components of TTB
Schools with 30 or more full academic year (FAY) students in the two most recent years in at least two state-tested content areas Some schools do not receive a ranking if they: Have too few FAY students Only have one year of data Have a grade span that does not include two tested areas Which schools receive a ranking?
For Mathematics and Reading in grades 3-8, testing every year allows us to calculate improvement in achievement based upon individual student performance level change All other subjects and grades use a slope calculation based upon cohorts of students Grade Span Difference
A school must change by four or more grades in order to get a new code Example: A K-2 building becoming a K-6 building New codes are NOT granted when a school is reopened as a charter, for example If not, the school retains the old code and continues to have data “point” to it from all students for whom that code is their feeder school What about reconfigured Schools?
z-scores are a standardized measure that help compare individual student (or school) data to the state average data (average scores across populations) z-scores “level the playing field” across grade levels and subjects Each z-score corresponds to a value in a normal distribution. A z-score will describe how much a value deviates from the mean z-scores are used throughout the ranking to compare a school’s value on a certain component to the average value across all schools Why do we use z-scores?
Student z-score = (Student Scale Score) – (Statewide average of scale scores) Standard Deviation of Scale Score School z-score= (School Value) – (Statewide average of that value) Standard deviation of that value z-score Summary PowerPoint and Business Rules- http://www.michigan.gov/mde/0,4615,7-140-37818_56562---,00.html z-Score “Cheat Sheet”
Based upon feedback from the field Concern with outliers having an inordinate impact on the identification of focus schools Modified all student level scores Normalize all student z-score distributions Cap all student z-score distributions at -2 on the lower end and at +2 on the upper end Modifications to 2012-2013 Top-to-Bottom
Prohibit from appearing on the focus list any schools as defined by both of the following: The school’s bottom 30% group proficiency rate is higher than the state average proficiency rate in at least two subject areas The school’s top to bottom percentile rank is at least 75 2012-2013 Focus School Status
Applied in 2012-2013 Accountability Cycle Prohibit from appearing on the focus list any schools as defined by both of the following: The school’s bottom 30% group meets the safe-harbor requirement in all applicable subject areas as determined in the Accountability Scorecard The school’s top to bottom percentile rank is at least 75 Good-Getting-Great
2798 Schools ranked 137 Priority Schools 52 new schools 85 first designated as Priority in previous cohorts 349 Focus Schools 342 Reward Schools Overview of Ranking Results
High schools not more likely to be Priority Schools E/MS schools make up a higher proportion now Percent of students in school who are LEP no strong relationship with Priority Status Percent of students SWD related to Priority Status (as % SWD increases, so does number of Priority Schools) Very strongly related to economic disadvantage 73% of our Priority Schools in the 2013 cohort are high economic disadvantage (over 75% of students ED) compared with 18% of the state Also strong relationship between % minority students and Priority status; not as strong as ED Urban schools overrepresented; rural schools underrepresented Characteristics of Priority Schools
185 schools were Focus in 2012 and 2013 164 are new to Focus in 2013 173 came off the list 8 became Priority 125 have no label 37 are Reward 3 are not ranked Characteristics of Focus Schools
More schoolwide Title I schools identified More rural schools, fewer urban schools, more small and large schools, fewer 400-800 student schools Fewer low ED schools, more 50-75% ED schools Focus 2013 relative Focus 2012
Complete TTB list of all schools and their ranking At-A-Glance Document Individual school look-up to see your school’s results Business rules by which the rankings were calculated Complete data file and validation file Links to separate pages for each of Priority, Focus and Reward schools You can access these resources at www.mi.gov/ttbwww.mi.gov/ttb Resources Available
Separate pages for each of Priority, Focus and Reward schools At-A-Glance Documents Powerpoints for understanding each status Overview presentations with voice over Documentation for supports Look-up Tools You can access these resources at www.mi.gov/priorityschools www.mi.gov/priorityschools www.michigan.gov/focusschools www.michigan.gov/rewardschools Resources Available
You can also request individual assistance by calling the Office of Evaluation, Strategic Research and Accountability (OESRA) at 877-560-8378, Option 6 or emailing email@example.com Additional Assistance