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Feasibility study of measurement of Higgs pair creation in a gamma-gamma collider Shin-ichi Kawada Advanced Sciences of Matter, Hiroshima University LCWS11.

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Presentation on theme: "Feasibility study of measurement of Higgs pair creation in a gamma-gamma collider Shin-ichi Kawada Advanced Sciences of Matter, Hiroshima University LCWS11."— Presentation transcript:

1 Feasibility study of measurement of Higgs pair creation in a gamma-gamma collider Shin-ichi Kawada Advanced Sciences of Matter, Hiroshima University Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)1 Collaborators : Katsumasa Ikematsu (Univ. Siegen), Tohru Takahashi (Hiroshima Univ.), Keisuke Fujii (KEK), Yoshimasa Kurihara (KEK), and ILC physics working group

2 Outline Motivation Signal & Background Simulation & Analysis Result Summary Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)2

3 T. Takahashi’s IWLC2010 Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)3 My talk is including these topics.

4 Motivation Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)4 Final goal : measuring Higgs self-coupling constant λ Before the final goal… We have to investigate the feasibility of measurement of Higgs pair creation in a PLC. Higgs self-coupling constant in the SM deviation parameter from the SM

5 Optimizing collision energy 5 ∫Ldt = 1000fb -1 η = η’ = 1, η BG = 0 270GeV m H = 120GeV

6 Beam parameters 6 x3.76x4.8 E e (GeV) n(10 10 )22 σ z (mm)0.35 γε x/y (mrad)2.5/0.03 β x/y IP1.5/0.3 σ x/y (nm)96/4.799/5.5 λ L (nm) x = 4ωE e /m e Pulse Energy(J)10 L geo (e-e-)[10 34 cm -2 s -1 ] L peak (γγ)[10 34 cm -2 s -1 ] L tot (γγ) [10 34 cm -2 s -1 ] x=3.76 in this study based on TESLA optimistic parameter

7 Luminosity distribution 7 simulated with CAIN

8 Signal & Backgrounds 8 270GeV γγ->WW γγ->ZZ tt threshold

9 # of events Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)9 Signal γγ->HH : 16 events/year Main backgrounds γγ->WW : 1.462*10 7 events/year γγ->ZZ : 1.187*10 4 events/year γγ->4b : 1.37*10 5 events/year

10 Event signature (1) γγ->HH – HH->4b – M bb = M H (120GeV) Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)10 M bb (GeV) b-jet mass distribution

11 Event signature (2) γγ->WW – σ γγ->WW ~ 10 6 σ γγ->HH – suppressed by b-tagging γγ->ZZ – ZZ->4b same as HH->4b – discriminate only by mass difference γγ->4b – Mass distribution is different from signal, but still have events near signal region (~120GeV). – Angular distribution is different from signal. Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)11

12 Simulation & Analysis 1.Event generation & Detector simulation 2.Event reconstruction 1.jet clustering 2.b-tagging n sig method 3.jet pairing 3.Event selection 1.pre-selection 2.Neural Network (NN) Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)12

13 Event reconstruction (1) Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)13 information of mass M 1, M 2 : reconstructed mass i : H, W, Z, bb σ 2j : mass resolution ex: χ H 2 distribution χH2χH2

14 Event reconstruction (2) --- b-tagging Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)14 When there are n offv tracks which satisfy this equation, we regarded this quark as a b-quark. can be improved by further study relatively simple b-tagging method n sig method

15 Event selection by Neural Network (NN) 3 steps 1.W filter 2.4b filter 3.Z filter Maximize statistical significance Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)15 N : # of events

16 Distribution of NN inputs --- WW Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)16 χH2χH2 # of b-flavor jet with (n sig = 3.5, n offv = 2) analysis HH WW

17 Distribution of NN inputs --- 4b Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)17 # of tracks HH 4b HH 4b maximum |cosθ of jet|

18 Distribution of NN inputs --- ZZ Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)18 χH2χH2 HH ZZ HH ZZ χZ2χZ2

19 Cut summary 19 HHWWZZ4b expected events (# of MC samples) 80 (50000) ( ) ( ) ( ) pre-selection47.93 (29958) (83777) 5167 (87057) (287776) W filter12.34 (7713) (9) (3259) (1936) 4b filter8.238 (5149) 0 (0) (1422) (45) Z filter4.994 (3121) 0 (0) (124) (20)

20 Further improvement WW BG : almost completely suppressed! 4b & ZZ BG remained Possible improvement --- jet clustering Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)20 We investigated using generator information for HH, WW, ZZ (not for 4b). improve mass resolution, b-tagging efficiency correct color singlet information

21 Improve mass resolution Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)21 perfect jet clustering JADE clustering HH ZZ Ex: mass distribution of HH & ZZ BG

22 Cut summary with perfect jet clustering 22 HHWWZZ4b expected events (# of MC samples) 80 (50000) ( ) ( ) ( ) pre-selection46.64 (29152) (57287) 4172 (70292) (287776) W filter38.58 (24115) (5) (1667) 2179 (7422) 4b filter34.50 (21562) (3) (466) (9) Z filter33.06 (20662) (3) (100) (9)

23 Summary We investigated γγ->HH in a gamma-gamma collider based on TESLA optimistic parameters. Possible to suppress huge backgrounds with improved jet clustering. – Significance ~ 5 with 5 year PLC run Further study – jet clustering – b-tagging – other decay modes Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)23 T. Suehara’s talk, T. Tanabe’s talk in this workshop

24 Backup slides Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)24

25 About PLC Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)25 Electrons backward Compton scattering gamma-gamma collision

26 Comparison of γγ and e + e - process Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)26 : Higgs self-coupling Contribution of self-coupling is different way. Energy threshold of γγ process is lower than e + e - process.

27 γγ->b b-bar b b-bar (4b) events Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)27 γ b b-bar γ γ b b : color string γ b b-bar (2-jet invariant mass) < 15GeV were cut. We assume that we can cut these events. --> 5.872*10 4 events/year

28 Calculation of 4b BG 28 ELWK = 2 QCD = 2 Calculated with GRACE d -> b

29 Jet clustering Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)29 JADE clustering p i : 4-momentum of particle i E vis : visible energy Y cut : Y cut value of jet clustering

30 Event selection --- pre-selection Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)30 β>0.05, |cosθ|<0.99 more than 3 b-flavor jets with (n sig = 3.0, n offv = 1) analysis more than 2 b-flavor jets with (n sig = 3.0, n offv = 2) analysis β : Lorentz factor of reconstructed particle θ : angle between reconstructed particle and beam axis pre-selection b-tagging to suppress huge WW BG mainly

31 Sphericity, Y-value Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)31 normalized momentum tensor M ab p i : momentum of particle i 3*3 matrix eigenvalue

32 W filter 9 input parameters – χ H 2,χ Z 2 – visible energy – # of tracks – Y cut value of jet clustering – longitudinal momentum, transverse momentum – # of b-flavor jets (nsig = 3.5, noffv = 1 analysis) – # of b-flavor jets (nsig = 3.5, noffv = 2 analysis) Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)32

33 4b filter 17 input parameters – no relation to χ 2 (11) visible energy, # of tracks, Y cut value of jet clustering, thrust, sphericity, Y-value, cosθ of jet (4), maximum |cosθ of jet| – jet pairing of least χ H 2 (3) χ H 2, cosθ of 2-jet (2) – jet pairing of least χ γ 2 (3) χ γ 2, cosθ of 2-jet (2) Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)33 10 : invariant mass of b b-bar system

34 Z filter 10 input parameters – χ H 2, χ W 2, χ Z 2 – energy of 2-jet (2) – visible energy – # of tracks – longitudinal momentum – # of b-flavor jets (nsig = 3.5, noffv = 1 analysis) – # of b-flavor jets (nsig = 3.5, noffv = 2 analysis) Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)34

35 Cut summary JADE clustering & 4b (optimistic) Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)35 signalWWZZ4b (opt) expected events (# of MC samples) 80 (50000) ( ) ( ) ( ) pre-selection47.93 (29958) (83777) 5167 (87057) (241318) W filter12.34 (7713) (9) (3259) (1083) 4b (opt) filter7.262 (4539) (2) (1245) (25) Z filter4.823 (3018) (1) (158) (13)

36 Cut summary JADE clustering & 4b (pessimistic) Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)36 signalWWZZ4b (pes) expected events (# of MC samples) 80 (50000) ( ) ( ) ( ) pre-selection47.93 (29958) (83777) 5167 (87057) (287776) W filter12.34 (7713) (9) (3259) (1936) 4b (pes) filter8.238 (5149) 0 (0) (1422) (45) Z filter4.994 (3121) 0 (0) (124) (20)

37 Cut summary perfect jet clustering & 4b (optimistic) Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)37 signal (cheat)WW (cheat)ZZ (cheat)4b (opt) expected events (# of MC samples) 80 (50000) ( ) ( ) ( ) pre-selection46.64 (29152) (57287) 4172 (70292) (241318) W (cheat) filter38.58 (24115) (5) (1667) 1331 (4535) 4b (opt) filter35.56 (22223) (4) (704) (13) Z (cheat) filter33.26 (20787) (2) (85) (13)

38 Cut summary perfect jet clustering & 4b (pessimistic) Granada, Spain (2011/9/29)38 signal (cheat)WW (cheat)ZZ (cheat)4b (pes) expected events (# of MC samples) 80 (50000) ( ) ( ) ( ) pre-selection46.64 (29152) (57287) 4172 (70292) (287776) W (cheat) filter38.58 (24115) (5) (1667) 2179 (7422) 4b (pes) filter34.50 (21562) (3) (466) (9) Z (cheat) filter33.06 (20662) (3) (100) (9)


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