6Loaded terma term or phrase that has strong emotional overtones and that is meant to evoke strong reactions beyond the specific meaningtax relief instead of tax cut, or death tax instead of estate taxStudent Enrichment instead of Student DetentionExtra Practice instead of Extra WorkGetting Even instead of Revenge
7Caricaturea distortion of characteristics or defects of a person or thing, either in a picture or in wordsCaricature came from images.
8Leading question A question worded to suggest the desired response What do you think of the horrible effects of homework?What makes you think you can cheat on your homework?Why do you like to waste money?Why did you commit the crime?
9SEE PDF False assumption Flawed ideas that emerge when a reader pieces information together solely by inference and fails to consider other possible interpretationsSEE PDF
10Incorrect premiseA faulty idea that is used as the foundation of an argument
11If the streets are wet, it has rained recently If the streets are wet, it has rained recently. (Premise) The streets are wet. (premise) Therefore it has rained recently. (conclusion) This argument is logically valid, but quite demonstrably wrong, because its first premise is false - one could hose down the streets, the local river could have flooded, etc
12The kid is sweaty because he is dirty (Premise) The kid is sweaty (premise)Because he is dirty. (conclusion)This argument is logically valid, but quite wrong, because its first premise is false – The student could of just finished going for a run, It could be hot outside, etc.