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Realidades 2 Capítulo 5B Capítulo 5B Present Participles / Los Participios Presentes Present Participles / Los Participios Presentes Study guide / Worksheet.

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Presentation on theme: "Realidades 2 Capítulo 5B Capítulo 5B Present Participles / Los Participios Presentes Present Participles / Los Participios Presentes Study guide / Worksheet."— Presentation transcript:

1 Realidades 2 Capítulo 5B Capítulo 5B Present Participles / Los Participios Presentes Present Participles / Los Participios Presentes Study guide / Worksheet / Powerpoint Study guide / Worksheet / Powerpoint

2 What you are doing now, Spanish present participles, is a review. You studied this concept in Capítulo 3B, page 171. This concept Is revisited in this chapter, Capítulo 5B, page 277. Stem-changes are NOT given to you in testing/writing activities. Learn them as you go along. Put them into “verb families” as is done on this study guide.

3 Important points to keep in mind about Spanish present participles:

4 I. For regular verbs, drop… ando AR of AR verbs and add ando hablar > hablando (speaking, talking) ER of ER verbs and IR of IR verbs and add iendo comer > comiendo (eating) vivir > viviendo (living)

5 II.“IR” stem-changing verbs have a stem-change in the present participle. They are… e > i repetir (i) > repitiendo (repeating) divertirse (ie) > divirtiéndose (having fun, having a good time) o > u morir (ue) >muriendo (dying) dormir (ue)>durmiendo (sleeping)

6 III. Some verbs have irregular present participles and just have to be memorized.  reírse > riéndose (laughing) sonreír > sonriendo (smiling) ir >yendo (going)

7 IV. Verbs that use “y” in the third singular and the third –aer plural of the preterite, and –aer verbs will end in yendo. Note the following: caer > cayó cayeron >cayendo (falling) destruir > destruyó destruyeron >destruyendo (destroying) aer traer > trayendo (bringing)

8 V. Add (reflexive, indirect, direct) object pronouns to the end of present participles, AND use an accent!! See divertirse and reírse on your notes used previously.  probarse (ue) >probándose (trying on)  aprenderlo > aprendiéndolo (learning it)  escribirle >escribiéndole (writing to him, to her, to you)

9 Escribe el participio presente del infinitivo en español y su equivalente en inglés. Sigue el modelo.

10 I.Regular Verbs / Los Verbos Regulares modelo: escuchar (to listen) - escuchando > listening AR verbs 1. hablar (to speak) – 2. esperar (to wait) – hablar 3 ando speaking esperarando waiting

11 3. estudiar (to study) – 4. dar (to give) – 5. cepillarse (to brush) – estudiarando studying darando giving cepillarseándose brushing

12 ER verbs 6. correr (to run) – 7. hacer (to do, to make) – correriendo running haceriendo doing, making

13 8. ofrecer (to offer) – 9.escoger (to choose) – ofreceriendo offering escogeriendo choosing

14 IR verbs 10. subir (to climb) – 11.ocurrir (to occur, to happen) – 12. escribirse (to write to each other) – sub ocurr escrib iriendo climbing iriendo occurring, happening irseiéndose writing to each other

15 II.Stem-changing verbs / Los verbos con cambios ortográficos

16 AR stem-changing verbs Remember these verbs have NO stem-change. 13. contar (ue) (to count;to tell) – 14. recordar (ue) (to remember;to remind) – 15. cerrar (ie) (to close) – cont record cerr arando counting;telling arando remembering;reminding arando closing

17 16. probarse (ue) (to try on) – despertarse (ie) (to wake up) empezar (ie) (to begin) - prob despert empez arseándose trying on arseándose waking up arando beginning

18 19. comenzar (ie) (to begin) jugar (ue) (to play) almorzar (ue) (to have lunch) - comenz jug almorz arando beginning arando playing arando having lunch

19 ER stem-changing verbs Remember these verbs have NO stem-change. 22. entender (ie) (to understand) - 23 devolver (ue) (to return (an item)) - entend devolv eriendo understanding eriendo returning (an item)

20 IR stem-changing verbs Remember IR stem-changing verbs have a stem-change in the present participle!! e > i and o > u!! 24. dormir (ue) (to sleep) – 25. despedirse (i) (to say good-bye) decir (i) (to say, to tell) - dorm desped dec iriendo sleepingu i iiendo saying, telling irse iéndose saying good-bye ir

21 27. divertirse (ie) (to have fun, to have a good time) mentir (ie) (to lie) morir (ue) (to die) - Remember IR stem-changing verbs have a stem-change in the present participle!! e > i and o > u!! divert ment mor iirseiéndose having fun, having a good time iiriendo lying uiriendo dying

22 30. pedir (i) (to ask for, to request) repetir (i) (to repeat) seguir (i) (to follow;to continue) - ped repet segu iiriendo asking for, requesting iiriendo repeating iiriendo following;continuing Remember IR stem-changing verbs have a stem-change in the present participle!! e > i and o > u!!

23 33. servir (i) (to serve) venir (ie) (to come) - serv ven iriiendo serving iiriendo coming Remember IR stem-changing verbs have a stem-change in the present participle!! e > i and o > u!!

24 35. vestir (i) (to dress) – 36. vestirse (i) (to get dressed) - vest ir irse iiendo dressing iiéndose getting dressed Remember IR stem-changing verbs have a stem-change in the present participle!! e > i and o > u!!

25 III. Irregular present participles / Los participios presentes irregulares These just have to be memorized!!  37. reírse (to laugh) sonreír (to smile) ir (to go) – riéndose laughing sonriendo smiling yendo going

26 caerse 40. caerse (to fall (down)) – Remember the 3 rd singular and the 3 rd plural of the preterite: se cayó se cayeron creer 41. creer (to believe) – Remember the 3rd singular and the 3rd plural of the preterite: creyó creyeron cayéndose falling down creyendo believing IV. Present participles with “y”. Remember that verbs that use “y” in the third singular and the third plural of the preterite, and the infinitive ends in –aer will end in yendo.

27 leer 42. leer (to read) – Remember the 3rd singular and the 3rd plural of the preterite: leyó leyeron 43. destruir (to destroy) – Remember the 3rd singular and the 3rd plural of the preterite: destruyó destruyeron Present participles with “y”. Remember that verbs that use “y” in the third singular and the third plural of the preterite, and the infinitive ends in –aer will end in yendo. leyendo reading destruyendo destroying

28 44.oír 44.oír (to hear) – Remember the 3rd singular and the 3rd plural of the preterite: oyó oyeron 45.traer 45.traer (to bring) - Present participles with “y”. Remember that verbs that use “y” in the third singular and the third plural of the preterite, and the infinitive ends in –aer will end in yendo. Remember the verbs that end in –aer. oyendo hearing trayendo bringing

29 Remember to learn what stem-change each verb has. The stem-changes are NOT given to you in testing and writing activities. It is expected that you will have learned them. It is much easier if you put them into “verb families” as is the case on this study guide.

30 4 4 Remember that Spanish present participles are often used with the verb ESTAR!!!

31 ESTAR The present tense of ESTAR + present participle = the present progressive and indicates what is happening when you make a comment. estáhablando El profesor está hablando ahora. The teacher is talking now.

32 ESTARpresent participle The imperfect tense of ESTAR + present participle = washappening the imperfect progressive and indicates what was happening at a point in the past. estabahablando El profesor estaba hablando. The teacher was talking.

33 ¡El fin!


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