# Action 1: Mission/task analysis Action 2: List Hazards Action 3: List Causes STEP 1 IDENTIFY THE HAZARD STEP 2 ASSESS THE RISK Action 1: Assess hazard.

## Presentation on theme: "Action 1: Mission/task analysis Action 2: List Hazards Action 3: List Causes STEP 1 IDENTIFY THE HAZARD STEP 2 ASSESS THE RISK Action 1: Assess hazard."— Presentation transcript:

Action 1: Mission/task analysis Action 2: List Hazards Action 3: List Causes STEP 1 IDENTIFY THE HAZARD STEP 2 ASSESS THE RISK Action 1: Assess hazard exposure Action 2: Assess hazard severity Action 3: Assess mishap probability Action 4: Complete assessment STEP 3 ANALYZE RISK CONTROL MEASURES Action 1: Identify control options Action 2: Determine control effects Action 3: Prioritize risk control measures STEP 4 MAKE CONTROL DECISIONS Action 1: Select Risk Controls Action 2: Make Risk Decisions STEP 5 IMPLEMENT RISK CONTROLS Action 1: Make implemen- tation clear Action 2: Establish accountability Action 3: Provide support STEP 6 SUPERVISE AND REVIEW Action 1: Supervise Action 2: Review Action 3: Feedback ORM Cheat Sheet Mishap Probability Frequen t Likely Occasional SeldomUnlikely I II III IV Catastrophic Critical Moderate Negligible ABCDE S E V E R I T Y 6 1 2 3 4 11 7 9 10 8 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 HAZARD SEVERITY CATEGORIES I Catastrophic - Complete mission failure, death, or system loss. II Critical - Major mission impact, severe injury, or major system damage. III Moderate - Minor mission impact, injury, or system damage. IV Negligible - Little mission impact, injury, or damage. HAZARD PROBABILITY CATEGORIES A Frequent - Item: occurs often. Fleet: continuous. Individual: occurs often. All: continuous. B Likely - Item: occurs several times. Fleet: frequently. Individual: occurs several times. All: frequently. C Occasional - Item: will occur. Fleet: several times. Individual: will occu. All: sporadic. D Seldom - Item: could occur. Fleet: will occur. Individual: could occur. All: seldom. E Unlikely - Item: will not occur. Fleet: could occur. Individual: will not occur. All: very rarely. AFPD 90-9, Operational Risk management AFI 90-901, ORM AFI 90-902, ORM guidelines and Tools WPAFBI 91-202, Operational Risk Management

7 PRIMARY HAZARD IDENTIFICATION TOOLS Operations Analysis - a block diagram, flow chart, or timeline that describes the operation. Preliminary Hazard Analysis - an examination for sources of hazards, usually related to energy. What If Analysis - a group brainstorming technique. “What if this happens?” Scenario Process - stories describing conceivable mishaps and consequences. Logic Diagrams - “tree” shaped diagrams examining hazards in detail: positive, negative, and risk event diagrams. Change Analysis - compares changes to a baseline to determine significance. Cause and Effect Diagrams - fishbone diagram to examine many causes of a mishap. HAZARDS ARE CAUSED BY ENERGY Force Acceleration ChemicalVibration ElectricalEnvironmental KineticPressure PotentialThermal RadiationHumans ORM Cheat Sheet The 5 M Model Mission ManMachine Media Management ORDER OF PRECEDENCE 1. Design for Minimum Risk 2. Incorporate Safety Devices 3. Provide Warning Devices 4. Procedures & Training RISK CONTROL OPTIONS MATRIX Engineer Guard Improve Task Design Limit Exposure Selection of Personnel Train and Educate Warn Motivate Reduce Effects Rehabilitate MACRO CONTROL OPTIONS LIST Reject Avoid Delay Transfer Spread Compensate Reduce THE POWER OF COMMAND Sustained consistent behavior STRONGER On-going personal behavior Accountability actions and follow up Follow up inquiries by phone and visits Verbal support in staff meetings Sign directives WEAKER THE INVOLVEMENT CONTINUUM User Ownership Co-ownership STRONGER Team Member Input Coordination Comment And Feedback Robot WEAKER

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