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ACADEMIC INTEGRITY When Honesty IS the Best Policy Kimberly Armstrong Silcox, J.D. University Judicial Officer Eastern Connecticut State University.

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Presentation on theme: "ACADEMIC INTEGRITY When Honesty IS the Best Policy Kimberly Armstrong Silcox, J.D. University Judicial Officer Eastern Connecticut State University."— Presentation transcript:

1 ACADEMIC INTEGRITY When Honesty IS the Best Policy Kimberly Armstrong Silcox, J.D. University Judicial Officer Eastern Connecticut State University

2 What is Academic Integrity? Being honest in your academic work, assuring that everything you identify as your own work actually is. Being honest in your academic work, assuring that everything you identify as your own work actually is. Often, students get into trouble through lack of understanding and proper caution. Often, students get into trouble through lack of understanding and proper caution.

3 Eastern Student Code of Conduct Part III. Prohibited Conduct Acts of dishonesty, including but not limited to the following: a. Academic misconduct, including all forms of cheating and plagiarism. Please note the Policy on Academic Misconduct as found on page 94 of this handbook.

4 Policy on Academic Misconduct It is the responsibility of each student to become familiar with what constitutes academic dishonesty and plagiarism, and to avoid all forms of cheating and plagiarism. It is the responsibility of each student to become familiar with what constitutes academic dishonesty and plagiarism, and to avoid all forms of cheating and plagiarism.

5 Policy on Academic Misconduct Students may not engage in any form of academic misconduct, and are responsible for learning how to present the ideas of others in their own words, and avoid all other forms of academic misconduct. Students may not engage in any form of academic misconduct, and are responsible for learning how to present the ideas of others in their own words, and avoid all other forms of academic misconduct. Saying “I DIDN’T KNOW!” DOESN’T WORK…

6 So, you may ask: What constitutes Academic Misconduct?

7 Policy on Academic Misconduct Academic misconduct is defined as (but not limited to,) providing or receiving assistance in a manner not authorized by the instructor in the creation of work to be submitted for academic evaluation. There are four main types of Academic Misconduct: Examination Misconduct Examination Misconduct Improper Behavior Improper Behavior Falsification/Misuse of Academic Information Falsification/Misuse of Academic Information Plagiarism Plagiarism

8 Examination Misconduct Examination misconduct is any kind of improper behavior that may occur during the taking of an assigned test/exam. This may include: Copying from someone else’s test or letting someone else copy from your own Copying from someone else’s test or letting someone else copy from your own Using an unauthorized cheat sheet Using an unauthorized cheat sheet Using stolen tests to study Using stolen tests to study

9 This is called…

10 CHEATING

11 Improper Behavior Improper behavior is any kind of action that disrupts or compromises the learning environment. This may include: Submission of the same piece of work (or very similar work) in more than one course without teacher consent Submission of the same piece of work (or very similar work) in more than one course without teacher consent Theft, alteration, or destruction of the academic work of other members of your academic community Theft, alteration, or destruction of the academic work of other members of your academic community Working with another student on a project without permission of the instructor Working with another student on a project without permission of the instructor Classroom disruption Classroom disruption

12 Falsification or Misuse of Academic Information Falsification/Misuse of Academic Information is the act of forging records or changing personal information in a dishonest or flagrant manner. This may include: Altering a transcript for admission Altering a transcript for admission Falsifying data on a research project Falsifying data on a research project Having someone else sign your name on an attendance sheet, or signing someone else’s name on an attendance sheet Having someone else sign your name on an attendance sheet, or signing someone else’s name on an attendance sheet

13 Plagiarism Plagiarism is the act of submitting the work of others as your own. Otherwise stated, The intentional use of ideas, words or statements of another person as one’s own without acknowledgment.

14 This may include: Copying sentences, phrases, etc. from an outside source, such as a book, without the use of proper citation Copying sentences, phrases, etc. from an outside source, such as a book, without the use of proper citation Using or buying a paper written by someone else Using or buying a paper written by someone else Selling or lending papers for the purpose of violating academic policy (This can become a criminal offense!) Selling or lending papers for the purpose of violating academic policy (This can become a criminal offense!) Submitting a paper or project in more than one class without the consent of all of the instructors Submitting a paper or project in more than one class without the consent of all of the instructors

15 Citing a work that was referenced in another work without actually consulting the original piece directly Citing a work that was referenced in another work without actually consulting the original piece directly Fabrication of data or citations Fabrication of data or citations Failure to cite graphs, photographs, computer software, interviews, television programs, speeches, and any other non-written sources Failure to cite graphs, photographs, computer software, interviews, television programs, speeches, and any other non-written sources Improper paraphrasing or summary without proper citation Improper paraphrasing or summary without proper citation

16 Consequences of Academic Misconduct If a faculty member accuses a student of academic misconduct, the faculty member may : If a faculty member accuses a student of academic misconduct, the faculty member may : Enter a reduced grade or a grade of “F” for the work or for the course Enter a reduced grade or a grade of “F” for the work or for the course Assign additional course work Assign additional course work Hearing before Academic Misconduct Committee Hearing before Academic Misconduct Committee

17 ACADEMIC MISCONDUCT REPORT Faculty Member’s Name/Department__________________________________________ Faculty Extension________________ Student’s Name______________________Student ID#_____________ Course Number/Title______________________________________Semester/Year_____ Date(s) of faculty/student meeting(s)_____________ (Submit to Judicial Officer and Registrar within three working days if applicable) Description of incident: (Please copy and attach any necessary evidence) The student has been informed of his/her rights as described in the ECSU Student Handbook regarding the right to appeal to the Academic Misconduct Appeals Committee? Yes_______No_______ The student is advised to review the Academic Misconduct Policy. Student appeals should be filed with the Judicial Officer. The student acknowledges a violation of the Academic Misconduct Policy? Yes_____No_____ The sanction imposed by the professor:________________________________________ Professor’s Signature:_________________________________________Date_________ Sent to University Judicial Officer on:__________________ Sent to Registrar on:__________________

18 Academic Misconduct Committee May impose additional sanctions such as: Academic Misconduct Probation Academic Misconduct Probation Suspension Suspension Expulsion Expulsion

19 When Should You Cite? Is it your original idea? Yes No need to Cite No Is the information Common Knowledge? No Must use proper Citation Yes No Need to Cite

20 Proper Citation Styles APA (American Psychological Association) APA (American Psychological Association) used for Social Sciences, Education, Engineering, and Business MLA (Modern Language Association) MLA (Modern Language Association) used for Humanities Chicago (or Turabian) Chicago (or Turabian) used in many fields Blue Book – Legal citations Blue Book – Legal citations

21 Additional Citation Styles Some Sciences use a separate citation style. CSE – Biological Sciences CSE – Biological Sciences AMA – Biomedical sciences, medicine, nursing AMA – Biomedical sciences, medicine, nursing ACS – Chemistry ACS – Chemistry AIP – Physicis AIP – Physicis AMS – Mathematics, Computer Sciences AMS – Mathematics, Computer Sciences

22 Examples Taken from The Plagiarism Handbook by Robert Harris (2001) When quoting a phrase, the author must be identified. An expert in the field of psychology has referred to it as “the absence of personal attribution”. (Sherwood, 1995, p. 354) An expert in the field of psychology has referred to it as “the absence of personal attribution”. (Sherwood, 1995, p. 354) “Survival of the fittest” was seen to be a way of explaining evolution. (Darwin, 1884, p. 32) “Survival of the fittest” was seen to be a way of explaining evolution. (Darwin, 1884, p. 32)

23 Parts of sentences must also be cited. Michael Treacy (1995) has indicated that successful businesses “can no longer raise prices in lockstep with higher costs…” (p.9) Michael Treacy (1995) has indicated that successful businesses “can no longer raise prices in lockstep with higher costs…” (p.9)

24 When quoting complete sentences, it is best to identify the author in front of the material that is being summarized, ending with the page number after the quote. Carmichael (1998) suggest that cycling is one of the most popular sports in America:”The total number of cyclists who exercise regularly is estimated at more than 50 million.” (p.4) Carmichael (1998) suggest that cycling is one of the most popular sports in America:”The total number of cyclists who exercise regularly is estimated at more than 50 million.” (p.4)

25 Longer material should be identified by an indented block quotation. The author and location must be clearly identified. In emerging adulthood theory (Arnett, 2000), the period between ages 19 and 25 is one of exploration: In emerging adulthood theory (Arnett, 2000), the period between ages 19 and 25 is one of exploration: Emerging adulthood is distinguished by relative independence from social roles and from formative expectations. Having left the dependency of childhood and adolescence, and having not yet entered adulthood, for emerging adults, this is a time of independent exploration. (p.469)

26 Even if summarizing material, mark the beginning of the summary to identify where the author’s ideas are being used. The transition between childhood and adulthood is often described merely as adolescence. However, Arnett (2000) proposes a distinct period of time which he names “emerging adulthood”, a time when young adults start to gain independence. (p.469) The transition between childhood and adulthood is often described merely as adolescence. However, Arnett (2000) proposes a distinct period of time which he names “emerging adulthood”, a time when young adults start to gain independence. (p.469)

27 Improper Paraphrasing Lack of appropriate quotations Lack of appropriate quotations Source: As with a typical superhero, Judge Robertson thought it his duty not only to establish justice but to wreak equity. Smith, 2000, p Paraphrase: Judge Robertson felt duty- bound not only to labor for justice but to wreak equity (Smith, 2000, p. 345).

28 Improper Paraphrasing Using too many words and phrases from the original Source: In a typical search strategy, Boolean operators can be used to control both the scope of the search and the required proximity of search terms. The operator OR expands the search by allowing the return of documents containing either search term, while the operator AND restricts the search by requiring both terms to be present in the document. Paraphrase: When searching, you can use Boolean operators to control the scope of the search and how near each other the search terms are. For example, the operator OR expands the search by returning all documents containing either search term, while AND restricts the search by requiring both terms to be present.

29 Improper Use of Quotes Source: In a typical search strategy, Boolean operators can be used to control both the scope of the search and the required proximity of search terms. The operator OR expands the search by allowing the return of documents containing either search term, while the operator AND restricts the search by requiring both terms to be present in the document. John Smith has said “Boolean operators can be used to control both the scope of the search and the required proximity of search terms.” He has also suggested that “the operator OR expands the search by allowing the return of documents and containing either search term, while the operator AND restricts the search by requiring both terms to be present in the document.” (Smith, 2000, p. 246.)

30 Appropriate Paraphrasing Source: In a typical search strategy, Boolean operators can be used to control both the scope of the search and the required proximity of search terms. The operator OR expands the search by allowing the return of documents containing either search term, while the operator AND restricts the search by requiring both terms to be present in the document. According to John Smith (2000), using the appropriate forms of Boolean logic can allow the searcher to “control both the scope of the search and the required proximity of search terms.” The word OR produces a hit (a matched document) when either term is present, while AND produces a hit only when both terms are matched in a document. (p. 246)

31 Sources: Harris, Robert A. (2001). The Plagiarism Handbook. Los Angeles: Pryczak Publishing. Kibler, William L., Nuss, Elizabeth M., Paterson, Brent G., Pavela, Gary (1988). Academic Integrity and Student Development: Legal Issues and Policy Procedures. College Administration Publications, Inc. Lipson, Charles (2004). Doing Honest Work in College. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press. Student Handbook, Eastern Connecticut State University,


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