4cheating scamming ripping off taking the easy way out copying stealing ACADEMIC DISHONESTYscammingripping offcopyingtaking the easy way outstealingbreaking the rulesplagiarisingNo one can cheat you out of ultimate success but yourself.Ralph Waldo Emerson ( )
5What is plagiarism?According to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, to “plagiarize” means:To steal and pass off [the ideas or words of another] as one’s ownTo use [another’s production] without crediting the sourceTo commit literary theftTo present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source
6Did you know that… Research shows that cheaters : tend to be the better students, since they were often under the most academic pressure to succeed
7How Often Does it Occur?80% of high achievers have admitted to having plagiarized at least onceHalf said … “I don’t think it is wrong.”95% said… “I have never been caught”3 in 4 students admitted to plagiarizing on at least some parts of term papers“Recent studies indicate that approximately 30 percent of all students may be plagiarizing on every written assignment they complete.” Turnitin.com
8What do you think academic honesty includes? Let's discuss it...What do you think academic honesty includes?Downloading a text and handing it inGetting a friend’s old assignment and handing it inHanding in an assignment that you already did foranother classGiving somebody an assignment to copyCopying from one of your peers on a test, quiz orexamGetting your parents, family or friends to write someof your work for you?
9What do you think academic honesty includes? Let's discuss it...What do you think academic honesty includes?Copying a friend’s homeworkWorking on an assignment with others when itwas assigned as individual workCopying one sentence from an internet site without citationUsing another person’s ideas as your ownChanging the words around to make it yours, butnot citing the source of the information?
10Academic Dishonesty Includes… Copying and pasting from an electronic encyclopedia, online database, or the InternetBuying a paper from the Internet or another sourceFinding an essay in a foreign language and then using a program to translate itQuoting directly from a source without citationParaphrasing but not citing the sourceUsing an essay from another course/sourceCopying a friend’s homework or projectUsing another person’s ideas as your ownSource: Ontario School Library Association Grade 12 Supports
12You Are Here to LEARNCourse curriculum.… “If you use other people’s work you aren’t learning the material.”Good work habits… “Don’t leave things to the last minute and you won’t need to panic and plagiarize.”How to properly cite work…“Give CREDIT where CREDIT is DUE!”
13You Are Here to LEARNHonest and integrity…“Feel proud about your accomplishments rather than guilty about your dishonesty”Fairness: “How is your cheating fair to your peers who are also trying to succeed?”It makes our job harder … “I hate having to look for copied work instead of marking.Legality…”In the workplace, people could get fired or sued for plagiarism.”
14Why Students Are Tempted To Do It: Stress and competition to do well in school (parents, getting into university/college) “ I am stressed out.”It is worth the risk: “The odds are with me… I may get away with it.”The teacher won’t notice and/or careSome students feel their writing skills are inadequate“Everyone else is doing it.”“I didn’t know it was cheating/plagiarizing.”
15Why Students Are Tempted To Do It: Lack of perceived punishment. “Even if I get caught nothing will happen.”Some students think that copying or buying material from the Web is a form of “research”Poor time management skills. “I have too many things due.” “I’m working too many shifts.”“I didn’t understand the material.”“I just wanted to help my friend”
16Why Students Come To Their Senses: Right vs. wrong “It is wrong.”It isn’t worth the risk: “If I get caught, I’ll be in a lot of trouble!”Fear of disappointing parents, teachers, friends…themselvesIntegrity … honestyFear of punishmentPride in work
18Give credit where credit is due! Acknowledge your sources of ideas and information when you write a research paper, create a poster, post a web site or do a presentation4 p’s – papers, posters, postings, presentationSource: Ontario School Library Association Grade 12 Supports
19Use information in a legal and ethical way Don’t look for ‘short cuts’Give yourself time to plan your workBe confident in the value of your own ideasUse your own voice in your writingDevelop strong research and literacy skillsAsk for assistance from your teacherDon’t look for “short cuts”.Learning is a process with many important steps along the way – Hey, you need the practice!The journey is one you’ll take many times throughout your lifeWorth the effort – the grade belongs to you and you aloneGive yourself timeDon’t leave it to the night before when you may be tempted to plagiarizeBe confident in the value of your own ideasThe assignment was given to you with the purpose of having you demonstrate your learning-not someone else’s!Be yourself in your writingThe teacher does not expect your writing to be that of a professor, or wordsmith. Your unacknowledged use of an author’s distinctive word or “unique phrase” often is the red flag to teachers.Remember that the only the expression of information is protected by copyright. So putting ideas or information that you have researched into your own words is not an infringement of the copyright, as long as you cite it.Developing your own personal style of writing is only done with practice.Develop strong research and literacy skillsLearn a research processLearn how to cite sourcesAsk for assistanceTeachers are there to help throughout the process. They have been there before!Source: Ontario School Library Association Grade 12 Supports
20Use school as an opportunity to fine-tune your research and writing skills: Asking key questionsNote-takingOrganizingParaphrasingRevising and editingCiting sourcesReview the school’s research model (or use the 4 major stages of OSLA’s Information Studies’ Inquiry and Research modelSource: Ontario School Library Association Grade 12 Supports
21Resources to Support Preventing Academic Dishonesty Teachers and teacher-librariansSchool research and essay writing guidesStudent Research GuidesYour school’s research guides in the libraryBooksLarge variety of books on writing essays, reports, etc.Class Website and Student AgendasThe InternetOWL at Purdue University: Avoiding Plagiarismowl.english.purdue.edu/workshops/hypertext/REsearchW/plag.htmlHelp is there for the askingAdd examples from your own school situation – especially existing school research and essay writing guidesUse the Internet for the purpose of learning how to research and how to acknowledge sourcesSource: Ontario School Library Association Grade 12 Supports
22Be Careful with Peer Editing Friends?There is a difference between editing and revisionIf you get others to look over your work, they should only point out areas for improvement – if they revise your work for you, then it isn’t your own workParents?Teachers?
24Chances are…you’ll get caught! Teachers know you and your writing styleTeachers have great memoriesTeachers are content experts and read widelyTeachers, teacher-librarians and administrators work as a team to trace questionable informationHigh-tech programs are available to detect plagiarism seeSource: Ontario School Library Association Grade 12 Supports
25What are the consequences? If I cheat could I still get a zero?You could. Teachers need to collect evidence of your learning in order to determine your overall mark. If you cheat, then you are not demonstrating your learning.Your teacher should conference with you to determine the best way for you to demonstrate your learning so that an applicable grade can be determinedHowever, at the end of the semester, if you have not demonstrated the required learning, then a zero may be assigned.
26What are the consequences? How will I make up the test, paper, assignment, project?This is up to your teacher but he/she may have you…Complete a different assignment, rewrite a different test, complete a paper instead of a test that you have cheated onRemove you from a group and have you complete an individual assignment,Spend time over lunch completing extra work and/or the project your have plagiarized
27Further ConsequencesYour name may be entered in a book that records all instances of academic dishonestyYou may have difficulty getting your teacher to recommend you and/or write you a letter of reference for a school, award, scholarship or jobYou may be asked to visit the principal to discuss the matter furtherYou may be required to make up the work through a detention or ‘make up’ classes over lunchYour parents/guardians may be involved
29Last Resort“Exhausting all other options with students who have not demonstrated evidence of the required learning prior to the reporting period, a zero may be assigned as a last resort” (HDSB Policy)
30Remember…It is better to ask for an extension for an assignment than to take the “easy way” outTeachers are here to help you to learnYou are here to learn so you can be successful after high schoolIf you don’t understand the assignment, the instructions or the expectations, ask for help!