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“Infidelity and Betrayal in Marriage: A Content Analysis of Men Who Cheat in Hollywood Films” By: Carolyn Logan.

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Presentation on theme: "“Infidelity and Betrayal in Marriage: A Content Analysis of Men Who Cheat in Hollywood Films” By: Carolyn Logan."— Presentation transcript:

1 “Infidelity and Betrayal in Marriage: A Content Analysis of Men Who Cheat in Hollywood Films” By: Carolyn Logan

2 Persuasive Purpose To analyze how extramarital affairs, as related to the male midlife “crisis” has been constructed in media, specifically in Hollywood films from the 1950s to To analyze how extramarital affairs, as related to the male midlife “crisis” has been constructed in media, specifically in Hollywood films from the 1950s to The data collected from this analysis of films is utilized to identify a trend and the changes occurred over a period of time The data collected from this analysis of films is utilized to identify a trend and the changes occurred over a period of time

3 Previous Literature Male Power and Status Male Power and Status –Gutmann (1997) –Richardson (1988) Motives for Sexual Intimacy in Affair Motives for Sexual Intimacy in Affair –Fair (1978) –Farrer and Zhongzin (2003) Gender Differences Gender Differences -Buunk (1984) -Gordon (1990) -Farrer and Zhongzin (2003)

4 THEORY Social Construction of Masculinity Social Construction of Masculinity –Gutmann (1997) Masculinity Defined –Testi (1997) Hegemonic masculinity –Bordo (1999) The Male Body: A New Look at Men in Public and in Private

5 Methodology Data was obtained through a content analysis of American films to assess how movies construct a married man having an affair. Data was obtained through a content analysis of American films to assess how movies construct a married man having an affair. The sample of films used was released between the 1950s and the year The sample of films used was released between the 1950s and the year The sample population was obtained from a list of movies found on the Internet Movie Database, amazon.com, and msn.com. The sample population was obtained from a list of movies found on the Internet Movie Database, amazon.com, and msn.com. Final sample size of 34 films Final sample size of 34 films Stratified, random selection of films made for a total final sample of 12 films. Stratified, random selection of films made for a total final sample of 12 films. Coding Coding

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7 Findings Demographic characteristics of adulterous men in film 100% White, 100% Heterosexual Age 58% (40s), 25% (20s), 17% (30s) 50% Upper/Upper Middle Class, 33% Middle More than half of men had children (67%) More than half of men had children (67%) 1950s1960s1970s1980s1990s2000sTotal Average Age

8 TABLE 1: Adulterous Husband’s Occupation Films by Decades 1950s1960s1970s1980s1990s2000s Business 1/1 (100%) Business 1/2 (50%) Education 1/2 (50%) Business 2/4 (50%) Education 1/4 (25%) Constructio n 1/4 (25%) Mobster 1/2 (50%) N/A 1/2 (50%) Business 2/2 (100%) The most common occupation was a businessman (58%), including accountants, bankers, attorneys, and others. The most common occupation was a businessman (58%), including accountants, bankers, attorneys, and others.

9 TABLE 2: Lover’s Marital Status 1950s1960s1970s1980s1990s2000sTotal Single 1/1 (100%) 1/1 (100%) 0/2 (0%) 4/4 (100%) 1/2 (50%) 2/2 (100%) 9/12 (75%) Married 0/1 (0%) 0/1 (100%) 1/2 (50%) 0/4 (0%) 1/2 (50%) 0/2 (0%) 2/12 (17%) Divorced 0/1 (0%) 0/1 (0%) 1/2 (50%) 0/1 (0%) 0/1 (0%) 0/1 (0%) 1/12 (8%)

10 TABLE 3: Event’s Leading to Time for Affair Lied to Wife 8/12 (67%) Works Late 6/12 (50%) Sees Lover During the Day 5/12 (42%) Took Lover to Nightclub/Bar 5/12 (42%) Cheated While Away on Business 4/12 (33%) Cheated While Wife was Away 2/12 (17%)

11 TABLE 4: HUSBAND/LOVER RELATIONSHIP 1950s & 1960s 1970s1980s1990s2000sTotal WHERE THE AFFAIR TOOK PLACE Husband’s Apt.2/2 (100%) Lover’s Apt.1/2 (50%) Hotel 1/2 (50%) Lover’s Apt.2/4 (50%) Hotel 2/4 (50%) Lover’s Apt.2/2 (100%) Lover’s Apt.1/2 (50%) Hotel 1/2 (50%) Lover’s Apt.6/12 (50%) Hotel 4/12 (33%) Husband’s Apt.2/12 (17%) FORM OF COMMUNICATIO N BTW. HUSBAND AND LOVER Meeting Places 2/2 (100%) Telephone 1/2 (50%) Both 1/2 (50%) Telephone 3/4 (75%) Meeting Places 1/4 (25%) Meeting Places 1/2 (50%) Both 1/2 (50%) Both 2/2 (100%) Meeting Places 4/12 (33%) Telephone 4/12 (33%) Both 4/12 (33%) HOW HUSBAND MET HIS LOVER Neighbors 2/2 (100%) Nightclub/Bar 1/2 (50%) Away on Business 1/2 (50%) Work 2/4 (50%) Nightclub 1/4 (25%) Away on Business 1/2 (25%) Called for Hooker 1/4 (25%) Nightclub/Bar 1/2 (50%) Neighbors 1/2 (50%) Work 1/2 (50%) Family 1/2 (50%) Nightclub/Bar 4/12 (33%) Work 3/12 (25%) Away on Business 2/12 (17%) Neighbors 2/12 (17%) Family 1/12 (8%) Called for Hooker 1/12 (8%)

12 TABLE 5: MOTIVE AND CONSEQUENCE OF AFFAIR 1950s & 1960s 1970s1980s1990s2000sTotal MOTIVEAttraction 2/2 (100%) Attraction 3/4 (75%) Marital Deprivation 4/4 (100%) Pressure 2/4 (50%) Sexual Circumstances 1/4 (25%) Sexual Variety 1/4 (25%) Revenge 1/4 (25%) Attraction 2/2 (100%) Marital Deprivation 1/2 (50%) Sexual Variety 1/2 (50%) Pressure 2/2 (100%) Attraction 2/2 (100%) Marital Deprivation 1/2 (50%) Sexual Variety 1/2 (50%) Pressure 1/2 (50%) Attraction 11/12 (92%) Marital Deprivation 6/12 (50%) Pressure 5/12 (42%) Sexual Variety 3/12 (25%) Sexual Circumstances 1/12 (8%) Revenge (8%) CONSEQUENCENothing 2/2 (100%) Nothing 2/4 (50%) Death of Lover 1/4 (25%) Lover Attempts to Kill Husband 1/4 (25%) Revenge 1/4 (25%) Bribery 1/4 (25%) Wife Stays 1/2 (50%) Revenge 1/2 (50%) Lover Attempts to Kill Husband 1/2 (50%) Death of Lover 1/2 (50%) Threatened to Tell Wife 1/2 (50%) Bribery 1/2 (50%) Nothing 7/12 (58%) Revenge 2/12 (17%) Threatened to Tell Wife 2/12 (17%) Bribery 2/12 (17%) Death of Lover 2/12 (17%) Lover Attempts to Kill Husband 2/12 (17%)

13 WIFE’S REACTION WIFE’S ROLE Wife Found Out 5/12 (42%) Husband Admitted 3/12 (25%) Wife Never Found Out 2/12 (17%) N/A 2/12 (17%) Wife Stayed in the End 8/12 (67%) Questioned Husband 6/12 (50%) Wife Outraged and Left 3/12 (25%) Wife Took Revenge 2/12 (17%) Wife Had No Knowledge 2/12 (17%) Table 6

14 Findings Cont. Amount of Shame shown by the husband Amount of Shame shown by the husband –Half (50%) showed no shame or regrets –Half (50%) showed men being depressed, nervous, and stressed Amount of Nudity exposed in films Amount of Nudity exposed in films –1950s, 60s, & 70s – No Nudity Shown –1980s  2005 – Moderate to Extreme amt. of Nudity –Data here shows that sexuality in Hollywood films has been more open and socially acceptable on the screen since the 80s.

15 Discussion The typical adulterous male in Hollywood film is a white, 37 year old heterosexual businessman, married with children. The typical adulterous male in Hollywood film is a white, 37 year old heterosexual businessman, married with children. Age of husband during time of affair decreased over the decades. Age of husband during time of affair decreased over the decades. Having children does not necessarily mean your marriage is more stable. Having children does not necessarily mean your marriage is more stable. “Power-imbalanced” relationships “Power-imbalanced” relationships Businessmen are more likely to cheat on their wives than men in other occupations. Businessmen are more likely to cheat on their wives than men in other occupations. Today we have more easily accessible and available forms of communicating with one another. Today we have more easily accessible and available forms of communicating with one another. The Feminist Movement The Feminist Movement

16 Questions


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