Presentation on theme: "STEP 2: SPENDING Unit 3 Budget: Don’t Go Broke. Money Going Out Money going out is called expenses, which come in two categories Fixed Expenses—set."— Presentation transcript:
Money Going Out Money going out is called expenses, which come in two categories Fixed Expenses—set amount that is the same every time, like rent and car payments Variable Expenses—amounts that change, like gas for the car or groceries; you have more control over these Look up rents for a 1-bedroom apartment in Lincoln City for this date on Craig’s list. Notice how much the rents vary. Discuss reasons that could account for this and write them in your notebook. Remember, once you have chosen an apartment, it is a fixed expense.
Cash Management and Budget Building Cash management is how you handle money coming in and going out; also called cash flow The best way to manage money is a budget Money is limited so a budget guides monthly spending A budget helps use what you have for needs, wants and goals Budgets have two main parts Income Expenses The trick is to balance them; imbalance creates DEBT
Cash Management and Budget Building PYF Pay yourself first The government takes its percentage, so you take yours first Put it in savings You might want to start with 10% off the top Important lifetime money management tool You’ll be dealing with money for your whole life, so learn this now to achieve long term goals
Building Your Own Budget Sample Budget for Tom Thumb for the week of June 6 Money Coming In Work (after taxes) 200 Gifts/Allowance 0 Other 0 Total Income 200 Money Going Out Fixed Expenses PYF 20 Car Payment 50 Auto Insurance 25 Total Fixed Expenses 95 Variable Expenses Gas 30 Food 20 Clothing 15 Fun Stuff 10 Big Events 30 Total Variable Expenses 105 Total Outgoing (fixed + variable expenses) 200 Any money left over (income minus outgo) 0
Create Your Own Budget 1. Study the sample budget on the previous slide. Copy the outline into your notebook. 2. If you don’t have a steady income right now, assume you get an allowance of 20 dollars a week. 3. If you don’t pay rent or have a car, substitute another fixed expense, like cell phone bills 4. Your budget should be for one week and should include PYF for goals from Unit 1
Making the Most of Your Dollars How to stretch your dollars Buy items on sale Save Coupons Garage Sales Thrift stores Sometimes you have to buy new, so learn to evaluate sales pitches to separate the truth from fiction Read the fine print Consumer Reports Ask around: friends, family, internet bulletin boards Identify Propaganda for what it is
Making the Most of Your Dollar The Power of Propaganda Watch the video. In your notebook list and describe the propaganda techniques. How will this knowledge be helpful in making decisions about what to buy?
Cost/Benefit Analysis Weighing the costs of a benefit or service against the benefits it will provide A. Imagine you have the opportunity to purchase season passes to Magic Mountain. The season pass is 100 dollars. Individual tickets are 50 dollars. What are the benefits? How many times would you have to attend in one year to break even? B. Think of an item or service you would really like to have. Copy the chart into your notebook and consider the costs and benefits. CostsBenefits
How Do You Spend Your Money A. Create a pie chart of your personal budget on power point. An example of expenses is done below. B. Print the page and place it in your notebook.
Bibliography TEXT AND ASSIGNMENTS NEFE High School Financial Planning Program, Student Guide. National Endowment for Financial Education. Greenwood Village, CO. 2001. Page 8: “The Power of Propaganda.” You Tube.“The Power of Propaganda.” Images Page 7: “The Old Wooden Bucket.” atticPaper. 2014.“The Old Wooden Bucket.” All images not catalogued are from Microsoft ClipArt Gallery.