Presentation on theme: "Direct Object Pronouns Michaelson Español 2 U1L1."— Presentation transcript:
Direct Object Pronouns Michaelson Español 2 U1L1
Direct Object Pronouns noun pronouns noun pronouns English Grammar Connection: Direct objects receive the action of the verb in a sentence. Direct objects pronouns take the place of the direct object They answer the question whom? or what? about the verb. I have the passport. I have it. Tengo el pasaporte. Lo tengo.
Direct Object Pronouns SingularPlural Me (yo) me Us (Nosotros) nos you (familiar) (tú) te you (familiar) vosotros(as) *in Spanish only os you formal (m) him it (usted, él) lo You them (m) (ellos) los you formal (f) her it (usted, ella) la you them (f) (ellaS) las In Spanish, the direct object pronoun you use depends on the gender and number of the noun it replaces.
Practice: Rewrite using direct object pronouns: el libro la tarea yo los exámenes nosotros tú (familiar) las camisetas usted ella ellos el lápiz él 1.lo 2.la 3.me 4.los 5.nos 6.te 7.las 8.lo or la 9.La 10.Los 11.Lo 12.lo
Direct object pronouns ( D.O.P.N.) must follow rules for where they go. Keep this helpful saying in mind when placing your direct object pronouns: 1 verb = 1 placement choice 2 verbs= 2 placement choices Direct Object Pronouns can be placed directly before the conjugated verbs. Veo a la profesora. La veo. I see the teacher.I see her. Héctor tiene el itinerario. Héctor lo tiene. Héctor has the itinerary.Héctor has it.
When an infinitive follows the conjugated verb, the direct object pronoun can be placed before the conjugated verb or attached to the infinitive. No voy a hacer la maleta hoy.No la voy a hacer hoy. I am not going to pack the OR suitcase today.No voy a hacer la hoy. Re-write the following sentences using direct object pronouns. 1.Yo prefiero llevar vestidos. attached: _______________________________________________________ not attached: ___________________________________________________ 1.Tú quieres cerrar la puerta. attached: _______________________________________________________ not attached: ___________________________________________________ Remember what Taylor Swift says about DOPN: They, will ____________________ __________________ ___________________ go between two verbs!! NEVEREVER
The personal “A” When a specific person is the direct object of a sentence, use the personal “a” after the verb and before the person. The personal “a” doesn’t translate into English, but it is necessary in Spanish, in fact it is considered a serious error not to use it. When you do not use the personal “a” the result is the person becomes “depersonalized”. You would also use it when referring to a domesticated animal a.k.a pets. Ej: Conozco a Señora Tambone. I know Mrs. Tambone. A good rule to follow… always use the personal a if a name or personal pronoun comes after a verb. **Do not use the personal “a” after the verb tener or the verb hay***
Mrs. Michaelson’s hint for the personal a… When a PERSON or PLACE follows a verb, ALWAYS use the personal a.