President Andrew Johnson would lead the nation during Reconstruction. -Southerner -Racist -Stubborn -Former Slave Owner
Johnson’s Plan: 1)Slavery must be abolished. All Confederate states must O.K. 13 th Amendment 2)Southern states must make new governments loyal to federal government. (Note the absence of helping African Americans)
Former slave owners in south refuse to accept former slaves as their equals. Over 1500 lynchings, many of which are never brought to trial. Johnson does little to stop this.
Republicans focus more on protecting AA’s: 1)14 th Amendment: States cannot deny any person equal protection, tries to stop murders. 2)Military Reconstruction Act: Sends army to oversee formation of new governments and to make sure AA’s were treated fairly. (Southerners aren’t too thrilled about either of these ideas!)
-Plantation owners needed workers. -Former slaves needed jobs. -Sharecropping: AA’s would work a part of a plantation and give owner a percentage of their crops as rent.