Presentation on theme: "The Civil War 1861-1865. Fort Sumter The CSA attacks U.S. Fort Sumter in S.C. on April 12, 1861 - before Union reinforcements can arrive. Union troops."— Presentation transcript:
The Civil War
Fort Sumter The CSA attacks U.S. Fort Sumter in S.C. on April 12, before Union reinforcements can arrive. Union troops hold out for two days before they surrender on April 14th. Results: 1.Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas join the Confederacy. 2.Abraham Lincoln calls for 75,000 Union troops.
Jefferson Davis Elected President of the Confederacy (CSA) Former US Senator from Mississippi
Abraham Lincoln Republican from Illinois. Inaugurated after the CSA had formed. 1.Against secession 2.Promised to enforce the laws of the U. S. 3.Promised to hold (protect) federal land in the South.
Jefferson Davis’ Inaugural Address February 18, 1861: “As a necessity, not a choice, we have resorted to the remedy of separation…If a just perception of mutual interest shall permit us peaceably to pursue our separate political career, my most earnest desire will have been fulfilled. But if this be denied to us…[we will be forced] to appeal to arms…”
Abraham Lincoln’s 1 st Inaugural Address March 4, 1861 : “One section of our country believes slavery is right and ought to be extended. This is the only substantial dispute…Physically speaking, we can not separate. We can not remove our respective sections from each other nor build an impassable wall between them…In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow countrymen, and not in mine, is the momentous issue of war.”
General Robert E. Lee Opposed to secession and slavery. “With all my devotion to the Union and the feeling of loyalty and duty of an American citizen, I have not been able to make up my mind to raise my hand against my relatives, my children, my home. I have therefore resigned my commission in the Army, and save in defense of my native State, with the sincere hope that my poor services may never be needed, I hope I may never be called on to draw my sword...” Commander of the Army of Virginia & all CSA forces
General Irving McDowell 1 st General of the Army of the Potomac. Led Union soldiers into the first battle of the Civil War. After he is replaced, he is placed in command of troops protecting D.C.
General George McClellan 2 nd commander of the Army of the Potomac. Appointed after the disaster at Bull Run – they needed an officer with military experience. Strategy was to continue with Operation Anaconda.
“My dear McClellan: If you don’t want to use the Army I should like to borrow it for a while.” -- Abraham Lincoln
General Ambrose Burnside Replaced McClellan as 3rd Commander of the Army of the Potomac. Planned to capture the CSA capital of Richmond. Side note – inspired “sideburns”
General Joseph Hooker Appointed as 4 th Commander of the Army of the Potomac after Fredericksburg. Tried to rebuild and train the army. May, 1863: set out to attack Richmond Wanted to attack Virginia instead of following General Lee.
General George Meade Replace Gen. Hooker as the 5 th Commander of the Army of the Potomac Mission: Find General Lee and protect Washington DC from attack.
Ulysses S. Grant Successful military leader in the West. Objective: capture Richmond Send 2 nd Army Company to capture Atlanta. Believed in “Total War”
“I can’t spare this man; he fights.” -- Abraham Lincoln on U.S. Grant after Shiloh