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CS 3043 Social Implications Of Computing Keith A. Pray Instructor socialimps.keithpray.net CLASS 6 PRIVACY © 2014 Keith A. Pray
CS 3043 Social Implications Of Computing LOGISTICS We need Groups to volunteer to present Tuesday The first 3 to send the TA and me win. Send me group web site location Please send to both me and the TA for quickest response time Presentations are due 24 hours before class Use Presentation Guidelines on course web site © 2014 Keith A. Pray2
CS 3043 Social Implications Of Computing OVERVIEW 1. Review 2. Assignment 3. Students Present © 2014 Keith A. Pray3
CS 3043 Social Implications Of Computing © 2014 Keith A. Pray4
CS 3043 Social Implications Of Computing MY READING NOTES pp. 231 Moral capitol – 1984? pp. 237 “…privacy…in their own homes…” != nanny to expect privacy “…when… insides Sullivans home. pp. 245 Web Browsers put cookies on on your hard drive, not Web Servers. pp. 249 why is assumption flawed? pp. 251 Are call records really a “social network”? pp. 255 Why does Apple not enforce policy of asking permission in the API? pp is a while ago. pp. 267 Does not answer first question. © 2014 Keith A. Pray5
CS 3043 Social Implications Of Computing ASSIGNMENT ONE PAGE PAPER Would a National ID System be a good thing? – One acceptable approach is to show the argument in the book for the position opposite to your conclusion is a weak argument. – Feel free to reference or build upon your self search work if it helps your argument. © 2014 Keith A. Pray6
CS 3043 Social Implications Of Computing OVERVIEW 1. Review 2. Assignment 3. Students Present © 2014 Keith A. Pray7
CS 3043 Social Implications Of Computing DOES THE SOFTWARE YOU USE HAVE A BACKDOOR? Android and iOS both have backdoors  Exchange  SkyDrive and Outlook.com  Many alleged backdoors in other pieces of software  –Not counting malware Nick Brown © 2014 Keith A. Pray8
CS 3043 Social Implications Of Computing BACKDOORS ARE A VIOLATION OF OUR PRIVACY Private information could be exposed –Google Remote Kill and Install  –Xiaomi Phones  –Prism  Two solutions –Accept the possible privacy violations –Use transparent software © 2014 Keith A. Pray Nick Brown 9
CS 3043 Social Implications Of Computing SOFTWARE TRANSPARENCY Transparency means letting users know exactly what software is doing Generally means making software open source  –Open source does not mean there cannot be a backdoor –Linus’s Law  –Linux backdoor attempt  Software security reviews  –Static code analysis –Audits Open source can help remove security issues –Borland InterBase/Firebird  © 2014 Keith A. Pray Nick Brown 10
CS 3043 Social Implications Of Computing CONCLUSION Software backdoors are a privacy issue that we should be worried about Closed source software cannot necessarily be trusted Open source software, while not necessarily backdoor free, is transparent about what it is doing As more people use open source software, the more likely it is that it is not doing anything suspicious. © 2014 Keith A. Pray Nick Brown 11
CS 3043 Social Implications Of Computing REFERENCES  Jon Oberheide, Remote Kill and Install on Google Android, https://jon.oberheide.org/blog/2010/06/25/remote-kill-and-install-on- google-android/ (September 14, 2014)https://jon.oberheide.org/blog/2010/06/25/remote-kill-and-install-on- google-android/  Jonathan Zdziarski, Apple Addresses iOS Surveillance and Forensics Vulnerabilities, (September 14, 2014)http://www.zdziarski.com/blog/?p=3820  Martin Kaste, Wipeout: When Your Company Kills Your iPhone, company-kills-your-iphone (September 14, 2014)  GNU.org, Proprietary Back Doors, (September 14, 2014)http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/proprietary-back-doors.html  Ed Felten, Software Transparency, https://freedom-to-tinker.com/blog/felten/software-transparency/ (September 14, 2014)https://freedom-to-tinker.com/blog/felten/software-transparency/  Scott Merrill, With Many Eyeballs, All Bugs Are Shallow, (September 14, 2014)http://techcrunch.com/2012/02/23/with-many-eyeballs-all-bugs-are-shallow/  Mohit Kumar, Xiaomi Phones Secretly Sending Users’ Sensitive Data to Chinese Servers, phones-secretly-sending-users.html (September 15, 2014)http://thehackernews.com/2014/08/xiaomi- phones-secretly-sending-users.html  US Department of Defence, Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Open Source Software, he_Department_of_Defense_.28DoD.29 (September 15, 2014) he_Department_of_Defense_.28DoD.29  Glenn Greenwald, Microsoft handed the NSA access to encrypted messages, (September 15, 2014)  Ed Felten, The Linux Backdoor Attempt of 2003, https://freedom-to-tinker.com/blog/felten/the-linux-backdoor-attempt-of-2003/ (September 15, 2014)https://freedom-to-tinker.com/blog/felten/the-linux-backdoor-attempt-of-2003/ © 2014 Keith A. Pray Nick Brown 12
CS 3043 Social Implications Of Computing ONLINE GAME IDENTITY Online game companies – Are they improving to keep our personal information secure? – Information users commonly give Contact information Account information Billing information © 2014 Keith A. Pray13 Adam Myers Picture:
CS 3043 Social Implications Of Computing PLAYSTATION NETWORK OUTAGE ~77 million accounts stolen – Prevented use of online service  – Personal identifiable information stolen from each account  – New Terms and Conditions  © 2014 Keith A. Pray14 Adam Myers Picture:
CS 3043 Social Implications Of Computing SECURITY MEASURES COMPANIES ARE TAKING Two factor authentication  – Authenticators  – Steam Guard  – Optional © 2014 Keith A. Pray15 Adam Myers Picture:
CS 3043 Social Implications Of Computing PLAYERS WANT THEIR PRIVACY Blizzard Real ID  – Online friends can see users real name – Initially planned to allow all forum user to see each others Real ID – Massive outcry; 3 days later, Real ID became optional  Companies’ information security methods have improved, and will continue to improve © 2014 Keith A. Pray16 Adam Myers Picture:
CS 3043 Social Implications Of Computing REFERENCES  Richmond, Shane ( ). "Millions of internet users hit by massive Sony PlayStation data theft". London: Telegraph  Kazuo Hirai's Letter to the U.S. House of Representatives". a photo set by Flickr user PlayStation.Blog. Flickr. https://www.flickr.com/photos/playstationblog/sets/ /  "New Sony Terms of Service Ban Class Action Lawsuits, Is that Legal?". New-Sony-Terms-of-Service-Ban-Class-Action-Lawsuits-Is-that-Legal.html. 15 September 2011  https://www.soe.com/soeauthenticator/faq/#19 September  https://support.steampowered.com/kb_article.php?ref=4020-ALZM-5519 September  Rob Pegoraro September  Brendan Sinclair September © 2014 Keith A. Pray17 Adam Myers
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