Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Lesson 16.3: No End in Sight Today’s Essential Question: What were some of the critical events of the war in 1862?

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Lesson 16.3: No End in Sight Today’s Essential Question: What were some of the critical events of the war in 1862?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Lesson 16.3: No End in Sight Today’s Essential Question: What were some of the critical events of the war in 1862?

2 Vocabulary critical – very important; changes things cavalry – soldiers on horseback casualties – people killed or wounded in battle invade – enter like an enemy

3 Check for Understanding What are we going to do today? What does it mean to describe an event as critical?

4 What are cavalry? Calvary refers to soldiers on horseback.

5 What are casualties? Casualties are people who are killed or wounded in battle.

6 What does it mean to invade? To invade is to go into a place with hostile intent, like an enemy would.

7 What We Already Know Robert E. Lee had resigned from the Union army and had offered his services to the Confederacy.

8 What We Already Know The Confederate victory at the Battle of Bull Run made many in the North doubt whether the war could be won.

9 What We Already Know The union strategy called for a coastal blockade and capture of the Mississippi River to cut the Confederacy in two.

10 Union Victories in the West In 1862, Union general Ulysses S. Grant captured two Confederate river forts in Tennessee.

11 Union Victories in the West Both forts were commanded by Confederate general Lloyd Tilghman. These were Fort Henry on the Tennessee River and Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River. Both forts were commanded by Confederate general Lloyd Tilghman. These were Fort Henry on the Tennessee River and Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River.

12 Union Victories in the West Capturing Fort Henry was important because such a victory would open up a river highway into the heart of the South allowing Union gunboats and supplies to travel on the river as far as northern Alabama.

13 A week later, Union troops captured Tennessee’s capital, Nashville. Union Victories in the West

14 The Battle of Shiloh As Confederate troops retreated into Mississippi, Grant followed.As Confederate troops retreated into Mississippi, Grant followed. The two sides met in April 1862 near Shiloh Church in Tennessee.The two sides met in April 1862 near Shiloh Church in Tennessee.

15 The Battle of Shiloh The Battle of Shiloh turned out to be the bloodiest battle the Civil War had yet seen.

16 The Battle of Shiloh The number of dead and wounded Union soldiers was more than 13,000.The number of dead and wounded Union soldiers was more than 13,000. The Confederates lost nearly 11,000 out of 41,000 soldiers.The Confederates lost nearly 11,000 out of 41,000 soldiers.

17 The Battle of Shiloh Union Congressmen were shocked by the casualties at Shiloh and demanded Grant’s removal.

18 The Battle of Shiloh Union Congressmen were shocked by the casualties at Shiloh and demanded Grant’s removal. Lincoln replied, “I can’t spare this man – he fights.”

19 Get your whiteboards and markers ready!

20 17. Where did Ulysses S. Grant win three important victories in the West? A.Shiloh B.Fort McHenry C.Fort Henry D.New Orleans E.Fort Donelson Choose all that are true!

21 Why was the Battle of Shiloh considered a costly victory for the North? Although the battle was a Union victory, almost 13,000 federal soldiers were killed or wounded.

22 The Fall of New Orleans In April 1862, a Union fleet led by David Farragut captured New Orleans, defended by Confederate General Mansfield Lovell.

23 The Fall of New Orleans After the victories of General Grant and Admiral Farragut, the Union controlled most of the Mississippi River.

24 The Fall of New Orleans The North was well on its way to cutting the Confederacy in two.

25 But guarding the remaining stretch of the Mississippi was the heavily armed Confederate fort at Vicksburg.

26 Get your whiteboards and markers ready!

27 18. Why were Union victories in the West and the fall of New Orleans significant to the Union cause? A.These victories established a tighter naval blockade of the Confederate coast. B.The Union was now closer to capturing the Confederate capital at Charleston. C.They helped the Union gain foreign support from Britain and France. D.They meant the North was nearer its goal of cutting the Confederacy in two. A.These victories established a tighter naval blockade of the Confederate coast. B.The Union was now closer to capturing the Confederate capital at Charleston. C.They helped the Union gain foreign support from Britain and France. D.They meant the North was nearer its goal of cutting the Confederacy in two.

28 Lee Claims Victories in the East In 1862, in the East, after many delays, Union General George McClellan finally made his move to capture Richmond. Soon, McClellan’s Army of the Potomac was within a few miles of the Confederate capital. In 1862, in the East, after many delays, Union General George McClellan finally made his move to capture Richmond. Soon, McClellan’s Army of the Potomac was within a few miles of the Confederate capital.

29 Lee Claims Victories in the East In June 1862, Robert E. Lee took command of the Army of Northern Virginia and began to turn things around.

30 Lee Claims Victories in the East Lee sent Jeb Stuart and his cavalry to spy on McClellan’s army and to find out its size. Stuart rode around the entire Union army in just a few days and reported its size back to Lee. Lee sent Jeb Stuart and his cavalry to spy on McClellan’s army and to find out its size. Stuart rode around the entire Union army in just a few days and reported its size back to Lee.

31 Lee Claims Victories in the East Lee attacked McClellan’s forces, and for about a week in July the two sides fought a series of clashes known as the Seven Days’ Battles.

32 Lee Claims Victories in the East After Confederate troops won a second victory at Bull Run against McClellan six weeks later, the Union army retreated to Washington, D.C.

33 Lee Invades the North In September 1862, Lee crossed the Potomac to invade Maryland.In September 1862, Lee crossed the Potomac to invade Maryland. He decided to carry the war to the North for several reasons.He decided to carry the war to the North for several reasons. First of all, he hoped that a victory would force Lincoln to talk peace.First of all, he hoped that a victory would force Lincoln to talk peace.

34 Lee Invades the North Second, the invasion would give Virginia farmers a break from the war during harvest season.

35 Lee Invades the North Lee’s third reason was based on the Confederacy’s need for foreign assistance.

36 Lee Invades the North By 1862, the English textile industry was beginning to suffer from a lack of Southern cotton.

37 Lee Invades the North People in Britain and France were starting to lean toward supporting the Confederacy, but their political leaders were not yet convinced the Confederacy could win independence.

38 Lee Invades the North Lee hoped that a successful invasion of the North might persuade European governments to side with the South.

39 Get your whiteboards and markers ready!

40 What was the result of the Seven Days’ Battles? A.Union forces scored their first victory against Lee. B.Confederates turned back the Union effort to take Richmond. C.Ulysses Grant replaced McClellan. D.Fort Donelson and Fort Henry fell. A.Union forces scored their first victory against Lee. B.Confederates turned back the Union effort to take Richmond. C.Ulysses Grant replaced McClellan. D.Fort Donelson and Fort Henry fell.

41 19. Why did Lee decide to invade the North? A.Victory on Union soil might force Lincoln to talk peace. B.Winning battles on Union soil would bring him personal glory. C.A successful invasion might convince Europe to side with the South. D.Moving the fighting into Maryland would give Virginia farmers a rest during the harvest season. Choose all that are true!

42 Bloody Antietam Just as Lee was beginning his invasion of the North, a Union soldier found a copy of his battle plans wrapped around a bundle of cigars.

43 Bloody Antietam General McClellan now knew Lee’s campaign plans, and he launched an attack of his own against Lee’s army.

44 Bloody Antietam The Battle of Antietam, Maryland in September 1862 was the bloodiest day in all of American history.The Battle of Antietam, Maryland in September 1862 was the bloodiest day in all of American history. Almost 25,000 soldiers were killed or wounded.Almost 25,000 soldiers were killed or wounded.

45 Bloody Antietam Lee lost about one-third of his fighting force, and he withdrew to Virginia.

46 Bloody Antietam McClellan did not follow, missing a chance to finish off the wounded Southern army.McClellan did not follow, missing a chance to finish off the wounded Southern army. President Lincoln was so angry that he fired McClellan.President Lincoln was so angry that he fired McClellan.

47 Get your whiteboards and markers ready!

48 20. What were the results of the Battle of Antietam? A.Lincoln was urged to remove Grant from command. B.Several high-ranking officers were killed on both sides. C.It was the bloodiest single day in all of American history. D.Lee lost nearly one-third of his fighting force. E.Lincoln fired McClellan for being too cautious. F.Cavalry commander Jeb Stuart rode around the entire Union army. G.Lee retreated from Maryland. A.Lincoln was urged to remove Grant from command. B.Several high-ranking officers were killed on both sides. C.It was the bloodiest single day in all of American history. D.Lee lost nearly one-third of his fighting force. E.Lincoln fired McClellan for being too cautious. F.Cavalry commander Jeb Stuart rode around the entire Union army. G.Lee retreated from Maryland. Choose all that are true!

49 Why did Lee retreat after the Battle of Antietam? A.He had exhausted his supplies and needed to return to Virginia. B.President Davis ordered him to return to defend Richmond from Grant’s attacks. C.His men had lost their former confidence in his leadership. D.The defeat had cost him about one-third of his fighting force. A.He had exhausted his supplies and needed to return to Virginia. B.President Davis ordered him to return to defend Richmond from Grant’s attacks. C.His men had lost their former confidence in his leadership. D.The defeat had cost him about one-third of his fighting force.


Download ppt "Lesson 16.3: No End in Sight Today’s Essential Question: What were some of the critical events of the war in 1862?"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google