5Regional Economic Development in Kentucky Where are we? Where have we been? Where are we going?Talking about the per capita income of Kentuckians is like talking about the average elevation of Colorado. It is the variation around the average that is interesting.The State of Kentucky is not an economy in any meaningful sense – not a labor market, not a housing market, not a retail market, not a media market. States, counties, municipalities are political and administrative entities.While a county is closer than a state to a market boundary, most markets encompass many counties. Consider television market areas (the ABC, CBS, NBC network broadcast territories).
6Television Market Boundaries KY is somewhere in here. TV stations don’t care.The maps linked below were retrieved from the U.S. Census Bureau web site (http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/) and altered to show TV markets by county. The TV Market information was derived from pictures once available on the now defunct select TV station web sites and other sources on the web. At no time was the Nielsen Media Research Co. web site nor any other material directly attached to same ever consulted The TV Market borders change slightly every September. The most if not all the maps linked below are current as of the season. The map above is derived from information retrieved in the season and is there for historical purposes. If you have any questions, comments or corrections, please me at
710 Television Market Boundaries around Kentucky all except Lexington and Bowling Green stations are multi-stateBowling Green: CBS broadcast is from WTVF in Nashville TNSomerset: cable provides WBIR-NBC from Knoxville TN9 Available on Dish Network: Bristol (TN/VA) Cincinnati (OH), Charleston/Huntington (WV), Evansville (IN), Knoxville (TN), Lexington, Louisville, Nashville (TN), Paducah 1 Not Available on Dish Network: Bowling Green
8A Google Map ViewCincinnati- Northern KentuckyStylized economic regions based on major cities, TV markets, and terrain.Louisville-Elizabethtown-Southern IndianaAshland-Huntington-CharlestonEvansville-Owensboro-HendersonLexingtonMountainPaducah-PurchaseBowling Green-Hopkinsville-NashvilleSomerset-Cumberland-Knoxville
9Developing Useful Economic Development Geographies Detailed County Assignments to Nine RegionsThankfully, the Census Bureau gives us a good start by defining metropolitan, micropolitan, and combined statistical areas based on employment interchanges between counties.For example, the Frankfort, Mt. Sterling, and Richmond micropolitan areas are part of the Lexington Consolidated Statistical Area. Using these definitions, we can assign 48 of Kentucky’s 120 counties to one of the nine economic regions.
10The hard part is looking at counties at the margins of the major market areas, and assigning them to one economic region. I look at television markets and commuting patterns from the Census Bureau’s American Community SurveyFor example, where to assign Danville and its two micropolitan counties – Boyle and Lincoln?Both counties receive television from the Lexington market.Top external destinations for work of Boyle + Lincoln residents:Mercer (1, ) = 1,428Fayette ( ) = 1,240Jessamine ( ) = 825Pulaski ( ) = 571Garrard ( ) = 507Franklin ( ) = 342Mercer, the top destination, and Garrard are also served by the Lexington TV market. Fayette, Jessamine and Franklin are in the Lexington CSA. So, assign Boyle, Lincoln, Mercer and Garrard to the Lexington region.Note there is a pull towards Pulaski County from Lincoln County. So, assignment is not perfect.
43In twelve counties, over 40% of earnings from government employment. Two counties – Christian and Hardin – dominated by military.Franklin is home state government.Lyon County: KY State Penitentiary at Eddyville.Other eight are all in eastern Kentucky.
44 Which region has the highest transfer payments per capita? Lexington Paducah - PurchaseAshlandMountain
45Mountain: $3.9 billion total, or 40% of personal income Cumberland: $3.2 billion total, or 38% of personal incomeNKY: $3.1 billion total, or 17% of personal income
55Agriculture and Mining’s Share of Labor Income Nostalgia EconomicsAgriculture and Mining’s Share of Labor IncomeIncludes tobacco, corn, soybeans, equine, cattle, pork, chickens, logging, coal mining, oil and gas production……
56Kentucky’s 120 counties, the most per square mile of any state “The original motivation for having so many counties was to ensure that residents in the days of poor roads and horseback travel could make a round trip from their home to the county seat and back in a single day, as well as being able to travel from one county seat to the next in the same fashion”– Counties, The Kentucky Encyclopedia, John E. Kleber, editor, The University Press of Kentucky, 1992.Pike is largest, 788 sq. mi.Kentucky’s 120 counties, the most per square mile of any stateHorse, at 4 MPH, would take 16+ hours to get from Majestic to Pikeville and backAverage county size is 330 square miles, so if county seat is central, a horse could make the round trip from border in 5-6 hours.
57How far could a Kentucky resident travel today, round trip, in 6 hours? Well, three hours each way, averaging 45 MPH, would be 135 miles. For a round region, that would imply a government center serving 57,000 square miles, larger than Kentucky’s total of 40,000 square miles.The largest economic region is Lexington, with 6,800 square miles and 26 counties. The longest travel time round trip, using a car at 45 MPH, would be 4 hours. So, transportation improvements have allowed access to a ‘local’ government center to be the same now for a region containing 26 counties as it was 200 years ago for one county.Constitution requires each county to have County judge, county court clerk, county attorney, county treasurer, county sheriff, jailer, coroner, surveyor, three to eight justices of the peace, and three to eight constables. In counties; where the fiscal court is composed of commissioners, three commissioners must also be electedThe state also pays for a county attorney, PVA, jails, DMV, in every county.
58Thank you!Go to to download a copy of this presentation.