Presentation on theme: "Tuesday February 4, 2014 Turn in reading assignments (1-5 should be complete) and/or “Characters, Curiosities, & Coincidences” summaries 11.5 Questions:"— Presentation transcript:
1 Tuesday February 4, 2014Turn in reading assignments (1-5 should be complete) and/or “Characters, Curiosities, & Coincidences” summaries11.5 Questions:Where did Lee surrender to Grant?What happened to the South’s economy after the war?How did the war affect the idea of “states rights”?What happened to African Americans after the war?
2 11.5 The War’s End and Impact What was the final outcome and impact of the Civil War?Analyze the final events of the Civil War.Explain why the North won the war.Assess the impact of the Civil War on North and South.Head 24 pt
3 A possible end to the war? Analyze the final events of the Civil War.A possible end to the war?In February 1865, the Confederacy sent a committee to discuss with Lincoln a possible end to the war.Congress had just proposed the Thirteenth Amendment outlawing slavery but the Confederate peace delegation could not accept it.Comma after 1865; delete comma after february3
5 In the final months of the war, Grant tried to take Richmond. Analyze the final events of the Civil War.In the final months of the war, Grant tried to take Richmond.• He laid siege to Petersburg just outside of and on the supply route of Richmond.• In April 1865, Lee tried, unsuccessfully, to retreat to North Carolina.Head bold; hyphens to colonComma after 1865; delete comma after April
6 Analyze the final events of the Civil War. Lee formally surrendered to Grant in the town of Appomattox Court House, Virginia on April 9, 1865.Conditions of the surrender were simply for the Confederates to “lay down their arms.”Illustration from AHON, page 533. Include caption above.
7 Appomattox Court House New Orleans Atlanta Perryville Chancellorsville Explain why the North won the war.Below are 20 major battles of the American Civil War. Make a 2 column chart in your notes: label one side “Union Victories” and the other side “Confederate Victories.” Using your knowledge of the subject, chapter 11, maps, and charts in the book, place 10 in each side of the chart.AntietamGettysburgAppomattox Court HouseNew OrleansAtlantaPerryvilleChancellorsvillePort HuronChattanoogaSecond Bull Run (Second Manassas)ChickamaugaSeven DaysShilohCold HarborFirst Bull Run (First Manassas)Spotsylvania Court HouseFort SumterVicksburgFredericksburgWilderness
8 Just six days later, the nation was shocked when John Wilkes Booth assassinated President Lincoln. Illustration, HSUS, page 392. Include caption above.
9 Booth and four others had planned to kill the President, Vice President, and Secretary of State. They wanted to bring chaos to the Union so the South could regroup and continue the war.Booth was shot when found hiding in a barn in Virginia. His four accomplices were captured and hanged.Delete extra spacing9
10 Lincoln’s death: United his northern supporters and critics. Thousands in cities and towns paid their respects as Lincoln’s body was transferred to Springfield, Illinois.Lincoln’s death:United his northern supporters and critics.Caused intense disagreement in the Union over how to reunite the nation.Left the nation without a strong, steady hand guiding the Union.Head 24 pt; delete hyphens; make death capitalized10
11 At beginning of the Civil War, the South had strong advantages. Explain why the North won the war.At beginning of the Civil War, the South had strong advantages.Military Strategy: Did not need to attack or conquer the North; had only to avoid defeat to win the warLeadership: Many United States Army officers sided with the South at the outbreak of the war (foremost among them was Robert E. Lee).Morale: Most white southerners were willing to fight to protect their way of life.Box HSUS, page 396. Include caption aboveComma after first
12 As the war continued, the South was weakened because: Explain why the North won the war.As the war continued, the South was weakened because:It used up its existing resources and was unable to call upon fresh troops and supplies.Failed in gaining a European ally that could supply Confederate troops.Head bold; hyphens to colon
13 Why did the North win the Civil War? Explain why the North won the war.Why did the North win the Civil War?The North had more resources.Abundant resourcesLarger populationEmergence of new military leadersLeadership of LincolnDetermination of African Americans to end slaveryGraph from HSUS, page 396. Include caption above.
14 Explain why the North won the war. Assess the impact of the Civil War on North and South.Deadly War:The war ushered in modern warfare that meant huge casualties.The death toll from the Civil War was greater than any war America has fought.For the first time, the horror of war was recorded for all to see by photo-journalists like Mathew Brady.Possibly use graph of War Deaths from HSUS SE p. 394, comparing Union and Confederacy troop deaths14
16 The economic costs for both sides were staggering. Assess the impact of the Civil War on North and South.Chart from HSUS, page 394. Include caption above.The economic costs for both sides were staggering.
17 Impact of the Civil War in the South: Assess the impact of the Civil War on North and South.Impact of the Civil War in the South:Cities and the countryside lay in ruins. Soldiers returned to find their homes and farms in shambles.African Americans, particularly in the South, had to adjust to their new freedom.As Reconstruction progressed, blacks learned that freedom was not always a reality in southern states. Many African Americans migrated West, taking advantage of the Homestead Act and the chance to own land.Head bold; hyphens to colon
18 Impact of the Civil War in the North: Assess the impact of the Civil War on North and South.Impact of the Civil War in the North:The industrial boom fed by the war continued and flourished, changing the U.S. into world economic force.Congress passed a tariff law protecting the northern industries.Head bold; hyphens to colon
19 Impact of the war on the nation Assess the impact of the Civil War on North and South.Impact of the war on the nationThe new Land Grant College Act established state universities to teach agriculture and the mechanical arts.Sectional differences never again led to states leaving the Union.The economic, political, and social life of the nation became more interwoven.The federal government increasingly played a larger role in American lives.Hyphens to colon19
21 What was the final outcome and impact of the Civil War? The Civil War had lasting effects on the North and the South.With the end of the war, Americans faced the challenge of rebuilding the nation.Analyze the final events of the Civil War.Explain why the North won the war.Align textAssess the impact of the Civil War on North and South.