2Who is a Mandated Reporter? Under Virginia law, certain professionals are required to report when acting in a professional capacity. They are:Persons licensed to practice medicine or any of the healing artsHospital residents or internsPersons employed in the nursing professionSocial workersEligibility workers in local DSSProbation officersTeachers or other persons employed in a public or private school, kindergarten, or nursery school
3Who is a Mandated Reporter? Persons providing full or part-time child care for pay on a regular basisMental health professionalsLaw enforcement officers or animal control officersProfessional staff persons employed by a public or private hospital, institution, or facility in which children are placedPersons associated with or employed by any public or private organization responsible for the care, custody, and control of childrenMediators certified to receive court referralsEmergency medical services personnelVolunteer Court Appointed Special Advocates (CASA)
4Who is a Mandated Reporter? Any persons over the age of 18, who has receive training approved by the DSS for the purposes of recognizing and reporting child abuse and neglectAny athletic coach, director or other person 18 years of age or older employed by or volunteering with a private sports organization or teamAdministrators or employees of public or private day camps, youth centers and youth recreation programsAny person employed by a public or private institution of higher education
5What do I report?You report any suspected case of child abuse and/or neglect.You report suspicions – you do not have to have proof nor do you investigate the case.There are penalties for failing to report suspected child abuse or neglect within 24 hours of the first suspicion.
6How do I report? Call local Department of Social Services Call – this number is statewide, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.You need to have as much information as possible including name, address, telephone number of child, birth date or age, sex and race of child, name, address, telephone number of suspected abuser, nature and extent of abuse/neglect including prior incidences.You can report anonymously but it is encouraged to share your name in case follow up is required.
7What Happens When I Call? Child Protective Services (CPS) has to ensure that the case meets the four validity criteria:Child is under the age of 18 at the time of the report;The alleged abuser was in a caretaker role;The alleged abuse or neglect meets the definition of abuse or neglect as defined by the CPS Program; andThe local agency has jurisdiction to respond to the report.
8On the call … If the criteria is not met, CPS cannot accept the call. It is okay to ask them for guidance – where do I go next. For example, the call may have been denied because it is out of their jurisdiction. Ask them for the name and number of the correct jurisdiction.If the criteria is met, CPS can accept the call.Once call is accepted, CPS must determine if the report is valid for a CPS response.CPS worker will conduct either a family assessment or an investigation.
9Family Assessment Will be completed within 45-60 days of report. There is no immediate threat to the child’s safety or well-being.Examples include:Lack of supervisionPhysical NeglectMinor Physical InjuryEmotional Abuse/NeglectCPS worker will work with the family to determine whether or not services are needed to prevent abuse and/or neglect and to meet the needs of the family.There is no finding of abuse or neglect made.
10Investigation Response Investigation is conducted when there are immediate child safety concerns, previous reports of abuse or neglect, or the report is required by law to be investigated.Examples include:Sexual AbuseDeath of a childSerious physical injuriesHospitalization due to suspected abuse/neglectInjuries requiring medical evaluation/treatmentAbandonmentAbuse/neglect occurring in schools, day care centers or homes, foster homes and other non-family settings
11InvestigationCPS has days from the time of the report to investigate the case.Findings will be made at the conclusion of the investigation.Founded: the investigation reveals by a preponderance of evidence that abuse or neglect has occurred.Unfounded: the investigation reveals insufficient evidence that abuse or neglect occurred. It does not meant that abuse/neglect did not occur, but that the evidence was insufficient for a founded disposition.
12Will I know the outcome?Mandated reporters are informed if your report is being accepted for a CPS response.At the conclusion of the CPS response, the local agency can tell you that the investigation was unfounded or that the local agency took necessary action.Other information is restricted under federal and state laws.You can call CPS and ask what the determination of the report is after 60 days if you have not heard from them.
13What is Child Abuse?Physical Abuse: any non-accidental physical injury or threat of injury by a parent or caretakerCuts, fractures, bruises, shaking, burns, bitesPatterned bruises or marks such as fingertip or rope markingsFading bruises or healing cuts, burns, and bitesPhysical Neglect: the failure to provide for a child’s physical survival needs to the extent that there is harm or risk of harm to the child’s health or safety by a parent or caretakerLack of adequate foodLack of adequate clothingLack of adequate shelterLack of adequate medical and dental careLack of adequate hygieneLack of supervisionAbandonment
14Child Abuse Definitions continued Sexual Abuse: acts of sexual assault and sexual exploitation of minors by parents or other caretakers– can be a single incident or many incidences over a period of timeIncestRapeOral-genital contactFondlingSexual propositions or enticementsIndecent exposureChild pornographyChild prostitutionEmotional Maltreatment: chronic pattern of behaviors such as verbal assaults and/or consistent failure to provide a child with appropriate support, attention, and affectionScreaming, intimidating, rejecting, ridiculing, blaming, sarcasmIgnoringIndifferenceIntense, chronic family conflict
15Helpful Numbers and Resources Hour Child Protective Services Hotline for reportsGreater Richmond SCAN –Child Advocacy Center (SCAN) –A Guide For Mandated Reporters in Recognizing And Reporting Child Abuse And Neglect, Commonwealth of VA, DSS, CPS