Presentation on theme: "VASFAA Conference May 19, 2014 Patricia A. Popp, Ph.D., State Coordinator Project HOPE – Virginia The College of William & Mary Mary Herrington-Babb, Coordinator."— Presentation transcript:
VASFAA Conference May 19, 2014 Patricia A. Popp, Ph.D., State Coordinator Project HOPE – Virginia The College of William & Mary Mary Herrington-Babb, Coordinator Richmond Public Schools
Highlight key McKinney-Vento EHCY requirements Define homelessness Liaisons K-12 Enrollment College transition Virginia specific Resources Your questions
Causes Poverty Substance Abuse Domestic Violence Mental Illness Affordable Housing Physical Illness Economic crises Impact Absenteeism is greater Developmental delays occur at 4 times the rate reported for other children Learning disabilities identified at double the rate Twice as likely to repeat a grade
Title X, Part C 2001 Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act
An individual who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence, including children and youth : sharing housing due to loss of housing or economic hardship living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to lack of alternative adequate housing living in emergency or transitional housi ng
Including children and youth : abandoned in hospitals awaiting foster care having a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for, or ordinarily used as, regular sleeping accommodations
living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations migratory students meeting the description unaccompanied youth meeting the description How eligibility is determined by a liaison: http://center.serve.org/nche/downloads/bri efs/det_elig.pdf
Fixed: Stationary, permanent, and not subject to change Regular: Used on a predictable, routine, or consistent basis (e.g. nightly) Adequate: Sufficient for meeting both the physical and psychological needs typically met in home environments Can the student go to the SAME PLACE (fixed) EVERY NIGHT (regular) to sleep in a SAFE AND SUFFICIENT SPACE (adequate)?
Appoint a local homeless education liaison in every LEA For Virginia liaisons, visit: www.wm.edu/hope Provide outreach and coordination to identify students
Enroll students immediately in local school OR Maintain student enrollment in the school of origin when feasible and in the student’s best interest Includes transportation Even across school division lines Get the student enrolled and keep the student enrolled!
Approx. one-third are families 1.6 million children – one in 45 experience homelessness (NCFH) 1,168,354 in SY 2011-12, a 24% increase over three years (VA – 27%) NCHE State Profile Pages
School Year # IUY Identified MaleFemale 2011-201231625 2012-201333924 2013-2014341123
(1) No longer enrolled at time of graduation (2) Schools include: Huguenot, Armstrong, George Wythe, and John Marshall *Data is tentative and based on student’s final decisions/academic outcome* School Year # of Seniors Identified # Graduated Higher Ed Vocational School or Program Enter Militar y RetainedNLE (1) 2011-2012575134551 2012-2013514515216 2013-20145720 (2) 1 (2) 4 (2)
2-step process 1) Does the student’s living arrangement meet the McKinney-Vento Act’s definition of homeless? 2) Once homelessness is determined, is the student unaccompanied? Unaccompanied = “not in the physical custody of a parent or guardian”; in practical terms, this means the youth does not live with the parent or guardian
Families are expected to contribute to higher education costs to the extent to which they are able (“expected family contribution” or EFC) FAFSA Cannot be filed before January 1st preceding the academic year in which the student wishes to enroll For dependent students, filling out the FAFSA requires income and asset information for both the student and a parent, and a parent signature For independent students, no parental signature or income and asset information is needed 101
Youth who meet the definition of “independent student” can apply for federal aid without parental income information or signature. Unaccompanied youth are automatically considered independent students. Must be verified as unaccompanied and homeless during the school year when application is submitted. Youth who are unaccompanied, at risk of homelessness, and self-supporting are also automatically considered independent students Must be verified as such during the school year in which the application is submitted.
Verification must be made by: McKinney-Vento Act school district liaison HUD homeless assistance program director or designee Runaway and Homeless Youth Act program director or designee Financial aid administrator. (see form) If a student does not have, and cannot get, verification from liaison or shelter provider, the FAA must determine eligibility based on legal definitions of homelessness and unaccompanied
Access and success Housing Food Security Health Care Transportation