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Founder Pro-Change Behavior Systems, Inc. Partnering for Higher Impact Programs to Enhance Health and Well-Being James O. Prochaska, Ph.D. Director and.

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Presentation on theme: "Founder Pro-Change Behavior Systems, Inc. Partnering for Higher Impact Programs to Enhance Health and Well-Being James O. Prochaska, Ph.D. Director and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Founder Pro-Change Behavior Systems, Inc. Partnering for Higher Impact Programs to Enhance Health and Well-Being James O. Prochaska, Ph.D. Director and Professor Cancer Prevention Research Center University of Rhode Island

2 Goal: To partner to produce breakthroughs that will increase impacts on the health and well being of entire populations and reduce costs related to health care, disability and lost productivity.

3 Inclusive Care from Two Clusters of Paradigms for Individual Patients and Entire Populations Patient HealthComplemented byPopulation Health Individual PatientsEntire Populations

4 Stages of Change

5 Efficacy: Clinical Guidelines for Treating Tobacco Use I.Fiore et al., 1996: 3000 studies on tobacco II.Fiore et al., 2000, 2008: 6000 studies III.Many evidence-based treatments for motivated smokers (i.e. those in preparation stage) IV.No evidence-based treatments for unmotivated smokers A. > 80% of all U.S. smokers Fiore et al., 1996: 3000 studies on tobacco. Fiore et al., 2000: 6000 studies

6 Inclusive Care from Two Clusters of Paradigms for Individual Patients and Entire Populations Patient HealthComplemented byPopulation Health Action OrientedStage-based

7 Stage Transitions The pros and cons of changing across stages of change for 48 behaviors Hall, K. L. & Rossi, J. S. (2008). Meta-analytic examination of the strong and weak principles across 48 health behaviors. Preventive Medicine, 46,

8 Proactive Engagement Communication Campaign Incentives

9 Inclusive Care from Two Clusters of Paradigms for Individual Patients and Entire Populations Patient HealthComplemented byPopulation Health Passive ReactiveProactive

10 Programs have to communicate that they are tailored to needs of each patient: 1. Wherever you are at, we can work with that!™ 2. Traffic light: Red light not ready; Yellow light getting ready; Green light ready.

11 When extrinsic motivation, like incentives are used, programs have to help transform extrinsic into intrinsic motivation. A. Air Force example with smoking

12

13 Inclusive Care from Two Clusters of Paradigms for Individual Patients and Entire Populations Patient HealthComplemented byPopulation Health StandardizedTailored

14 Computer-Tailored Interventions (CTI) Reliable, valid assessments of most important behavior change constructs Evidence-based, statistically-derived decision-making rules Individualized, tailored behavior change guidance Feedback dynamically updated based on new assessment data Feedback dynamically updated based on new assessment data

15 ADDING TTM-TAILORED INTERVENTIONS TO MIDWIFE COUNSELING WITH PREGNANT SMOKERS Adding TTM-tailored Interventions Produced 8.2 Times the Impacts of Midwife Counseling Alone 1.Increased Recruitment; 2.Increased Retention; 3.Increased Efficacy; 4.Decreased Mis-reporting; 5.Produced 8.2 times greater impacts

16 Inclusive Care from Two Clusters of Paradigms for Individual Patients and Entire Populations Patient HealthComplemented byPopulation Health Clinician DeliveredTechnology Delivered

17 Inclusive Care from Two Clusters of Paradigms for Individual Patients and Entire Populations Patient HealthComplemented byPopulation Health Clinic BasedHome Based

18 ROBUST RESULTS

19 Gender Velicer, WF, Redding, CA, Sun, X, & Prochaska, JO. (2007). Demographic variables, smoking variables, and outcome across five studies. Health Psychology, 26,

20 Race

21 Hispanic

22 Age

23 Proactive Cessation With Adolescents in Primary Care Tailored InterventionAssessment Only 23.9%11.4% Hollis, JF, Polen, MR, Whitlock, EP; Lichtenstein, E., Mullooly, JP, Velicer, W.F., & Redding, C.A. (2005). TEEN REACH: Outcomes from a randomized controlled trial of a tobacco reduction program among teens seen in primary medical care. Pediatrics, 115,

24 Proactive Cessation with Depressed Patients: Abstinence at 18 Months Tailored Intervention +Assessment Only 24.6%19.1% Hall, S. M., Tsoh, J. V., Prochaska, J. J., Eisendrath, S., Humfleet, G. L., Gorecki, J. A. et al. (2006). Treatment for Cigarette Smoking Among Depressed Mental Health Outpatients: A Randomized Clinical Trial. American Journal of Public Health, 96,

25 Proactive Cessation with Patients Hospitalized for Mental Illness TailoredAssessment 20%8% Prochaska, J.J. (2010). Failure to treat tobacco use in mental health and addiction settings: a form of harm reduction? Drug and Alcohol Depend, 110 (3);

26 Inclusive Care from Two Clusters of Paradigms for Individual Patients and Entire Populations Patient HealthComplemented byPopulation Health Single TargetMultiple Targets

27 Coaction: The increased probability of progressing to Action on a second behavior (e.g. diet) when individuals have progressed to Action on an initial behavior (e.g. smoking). Coaction in Odds Ratios Control Group 1.00 TTM Intervention Group

28 Adherence: Regression from A/M by Group Post-action at Baseline Johnson, SS, Driskell, MM, Johnson, JL, Dyment, SJ, Prochaska, JO, Prochaska, JM, & Bourne, L. (2006). Transtheoretical model intervention for adherence to lipid-lowering drugs. Disease Management, 9,

29 Exercise Staging: Adherence Group Progression to A/M by Group (pre-action at baseline) Johnson, SS, Driskell, MM, Johnson, JL, Dyment, SJ, Prochaska, JO, Prochaska, JM, & Bourne, L. (2006). Transtheoretical model intervention for adherence to lipid-lowering drugs. Disease Management, 9,

30 Dietary Fat Staging: Adherence Group Progression to A/M by Group (pre-action at baseline) Johnson, SS, Driskell, MM, Johnson, JL, Dyment, SJ, Prochaska, JO, Prochaska, JM, & Bourne, L. (2006). Transtheoretical model intervention for adherence to lipid-lowering drugs. Disease Management, 9,

31 From Reducing Multiple Risks to Enhancing Multiple Domains for Well-Being

32 Well-being RCT Determine the effects on multiple risks and multiple domains of well-being of Pro-Change’s effective LifeStyle Programs: Online program for stress management Telephonic coaching program for exercise management 3 group design Prochaska, J.O., Evers, K.E., Castle, P.H., Johnson, J.L., Prochaska, J.M., Rula, E.Y., Coberley, C., & Pope, J.E. (2012). Enhancing Multiple Domains of Well-being by Decreasing Multiple Health Risk Behaviors: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Population Health Management, 15 (5),

33 Baseline Demographics 39 States represented 59% female 52% currently employed 5.2% full time student 42.7% never smoke 20% reported no depression Age: Mean = (13.53) Range = Chronic conditions: Mean = 3.74 (3.09) Range = 0-34 Behavior risks: Mean = 4.14 (1.44) Range = 0-9

34 Baseline Demographics: BMI

35 Baseline Stage of Change Regular Exercise PC30.2% (1250) C32.7% (1354) PR27.4% (1132) A5.8% (239) M3.9% (161) Stress Management PC31.0% (1282) C26.3% (1089) PR22.8% (941) A8.1% (336) M11.8% (488)

36 Group Exercise Coach57.3% Stress Online46.6% Control37.3% Exercise: Movement to A/M at T2

37 Group Exercise Coach74.9% Stress Online64.7% Control53.1% Stress Management: Movement to A/M at T2

38 Life Evaluation Categories:T1

39 Life Evaluation: T1-T2 Difference MI

40 Comparative Outcomes of Health Promotion Interventions n/a Johnson, J.L., Prochaska, J.O., Paiva, A.L., Fernandez, A.C., DeWees, S.L., and Prochaska, J.M. (2013) Advancing Bodies of Evidence for Population-based Health Promotion Programs: Randomized Controlled Trials and Case Studies. Population Health Management, 16(6),

41 Inclusive Care from Two Clusters of Paradigms for Individual Patients and Entire Populations Patient HealthComplemented byPopulation Health FragmentedIntegrated

42 Inclusive Care from Two Clusters of Paradigms for Individual Patients and Entire Populations Patient HealthComplemented byPopulation Health Best of BiologyBest of Behavior Change

43 Future Visions

44 Percentage of Treatment and Control Groups who at Year 1 Lost 5%+ of Baseline Weight

45 Inclusive Care from Two Clusters of Paradigms for Individual Patients and Entire Populations Patient HealthComplemented byPopulation Health 1. Individual Patients1. Entire Populations 2. Action Oriented2. Stage Based 3. Passive Reactive3. Proactive 4. Standardized4. Tailored 5. Clinician Delivered5. Technology Delivered 6. Clinic Based6. Home Based 7. Single Target Behavior7. Multiple Target Behaviors 8. Fragmented8. Integrated 9. Best of Biology9. Best of Behavior Change

46 Inclusive Care Inclusive Research + Inclusive Practice = Inclusive Care

47 New Goal: To help  More Individuals to Thrive  More Families to Thrive  More Schools to Thrive  More Companies to Thrive  More Communities to Thrive


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