2 Southern VictoriesGeneral Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia seemed unbeatable
3 Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville Union general, Ambrose Burnside, clashed with Lee near VirginiaThe Confederates were entrenchedBurnside resigned and Joseph Hooker replaced himBefore Hooker could launch a full attack, Lee struck at ChancelorsvilleAlthough the Rebels won the battle, they suffered many casualties, including Stonewall Jackson
4 The Battle of Gettysburg Lincoln replaced Hooker with General George Meade.The three-day Battle of Gettysburg:1st day- Union cavalry surprised the Rebels, but were completely outnumbered and retreated2nd day- The Rebels launched another assault, but a counterattack saved the Union’s position3rd day- Pickett’s Charge- About 14,000 Confederate soldiers were easy targets for Union soldiersLee knew the loss was all his fault
5 Victory at VicksburgWith the surrender of the Confederates at Vicksburg, the Union now had complete control of the Mississippi River.Texas, Louisiana, and Arkansas were sealed off from the Confederacy.
6 Lincoln at GettysburgIn a two-minute speech, Lincoln expressed what the war had come to mean.The speech helped war-weary Americans look beyond the images of the battlefield and focus on their shared ideals.
7 Final Phases of the WarAfter his victory at Chattanooga, Lincoln named Ulysses S. Grant commander of all Union armies.Grant devised a plan to cut off Richmond from the rest of the Confederacy that turned into a nine-month siege and cost the Union thousands of lives
8 The Election of 1864With a Union victory led by David Farragut in Mobile Bay, Lincoln gained more popularity and easily won reelection
9 Total WarWilliam Sherman’s army began the history “march to the sea” to Savannah, GeorgiaThe army destroyed everything in their path, including farms and rail linesThis is known as total war
10 Victory for the NorthThrough 1864, Grant continued his siege of PetersburgFinally, on April 2nd 1865, Lee withdrew his troopsRichmond fell the same day
11 Surrender at Appomatox On April 9th 1865, Lee and his troops surrendered to Grant in a small Virginia village called Appomattox Court HouseThe Confederates had to lay down their weapons and then were free to go homeGrant even let them keep their horsesGrant also ordered them three days worth of foodJefferson Davis was captured in Georgia on May 10th
12 Results of the War More than 600,000 deaths resulted The nation is billions of dollars in debtSome Southerners developed bitter feelings that lasted for generationsNow the federal government in strengthened and it is clearly more powerful than the statesFinally, the war freed millions of African Americans