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Lecture 13 – October 29, 2012 Union Strategy in 1863 & 64: Troop Movements: First, What Happened in 1863? East: Protecting DC/ Pursuing Lee’s Army West:

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Presentation on theme: "Lecture 13 – October 29, 2012 Union Strategy in 1863 & 64: Troop Movements: First, What Happened in 1863? East: Protecting DC/ Pursuing Lee’s Army West:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Lecture 13 – October 29, 2012 Union Strategy in 1863 & 64: Troop Movements: First, What Happened in 1863? East: Protecting DC/ Pursuing Lee’s Army West: Dividing, then Subdividing the Confederacy Vicksburg Campaign [after many attempts and a siege, Union victory 7/4/63] Chattanooga – Chickamauga campaign – [August – September 1863] Major Military Initiatives in Union’s plans for the winter & spring of 1864 Grant: Assaults on all Fronts! Simultaneous Advance on 5 Fronts: LA  Mobile, AL [Banks] Chattanooga  Atlanta [Sherman] Army of Potomac  ANV [Grant/Meade] James River  Richmond [Butler] West VA  Shenandoah Valley [Sigel] – later Sheridan! Shifting Military Policy Using African Americans --Confederates Respond to EP, Lincoln Counters Davis’s order United States Colored Troops – how & where they served / challenges to fighting Hard Hand of War – Sherman from Atlanta to the Sea Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley POWs – The Evolution of Prisoner Exchange Policy Prisons – Why Have them? Breakdown of Prisoner Exchange Were Northern Prisons Just as Bad as Southern Ones? Then Talk about Prisons & Desertion

2 1863

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4 Lee -vs- Meade

5 View of Seminary Ridge from Union position on Cemetery Hill

6 View of Cemetery Ridge from Confederate position on Seminary Ridge

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10 Lecture 13 – October 29, 2012 Union Strategy in 1863 & 64: Troop Movements: First, What Happened in 1863? East: Protecting DC/ Pursuing Lee’s Army West: Dividing, then Subdividing the Confederacy Vicksburg Campaign [after many attempts and a siege, Union victory 7/4/63] Chattanooga – Chickamauga campaign – [August – September 1863] Major Military Initiatives in Union’s plans for the winter & spring of 1864 Grant: Assaults on all Fronts! Simultaneous Advance on 5 Fronts: LA  Mobile, AL [Banks] Chattanooga  Atlanta [Sherman] Army of Potomac  ANV [Grant/Meade] James River  Richmond [Butler] West VA  Shenandoah Valley [Sigel] – later Sheridan! Shifting Military Policy Using African Americans --Confederates Respond to EP, Lincoln Counters Davis’s order United States Colored Troops – how & where they served / challenges to fighting Hard Hand of War – Sherman from Atlanta to the Sea Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley POWs – The Evolution of Prisoner Exchange Policy Prisons – Why Have them? Breakdown of Prisoner Exchange Were Northern Prisons Just as Bad as Southern Ones? Then Talk about Prisons & Desertion

11 Grant’s 1863 Strategy for Vicksburg

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13 Siege of Vicksburg – Living in Caves

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19 Lecture 13 – October 29, 2012 Union Strategy in 1863 & 64: Troop Movements: First, What Happened in 1863? East: Protecting DC/ Pursuing Lee’s Army West: Dividing, then Subdividing the Confederacy Vicksburg Campaign [after many attempts and a siege, Union victory 7/4/63] Chattanooga – Chickamauga campaign – [August – September 1863] Major Military Initiatives in Union’s plans for the winter & spring of 1864 Grant: Assaults on all Fronts! Simultaneous Advance on 5 Fronts: LA  Mobile, AL [Banks] Chattanooga  Atlanta [Sherman] Army of Potomac  ANV [Grant/Meade] James River  Richmond [Butler] West VA  Shenandoah Valley [Sigel] – later Sheridan! Shifting Military Policy Using African Americans --Confederates Respond to EP, Lincoln Counters Davis’s order United States Colored Troops – how & where they served / challenges to fighting Hard Hand of War – Sherman from Atlanta to the Sea Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley POWs – The Evolution of Prisoner Exchange Policy Prisons – Why Have them? Breakdown of Prisoner Exchange Were Northern Prisons Just as Bad as Southern Ones? Then Talk about Prisons & Desertion

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24 Thomas Wentworth Higginson Robert Gould Shaw

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26 Libby Prison, Richmond, VA

27 Burying the Dead At Andersonville Prison

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29 Captain Henry [Hartmann Heinrich] Wirz, Superintendent Andersonville Prison

30 1864 Sketch of a Union Prison Camp

31 Baseball at Salisbury, NC Prison Camp

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33 Union Prisoner Released from Andersonville, Spring 1865

34 Philip Sheridan – Union Cavalry Commdr. chased Confederates back up the Valley (south) and laid waste to valley resources.

35 Georgia Campaign Grant & Lee in central Virginia


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