Presentation on theme: "Civil War Plans and Early Battles Chapter 11 Section 1"— Presentation transcript:
1 Civil War Plans and Early Battles Chapter 11 Section 1
2 ObjectivesContrast the resources and strategies of the North and South.Describe the outcomes and effects of the early battles of the Civil War.2
3 Northern AdvantagesPopulation 22 Million, South 3.5 Million whites, 5.5 million slaves85% of the nation’s industry. NY alone out-produced the entire southSouthern slave system slowed industrial development
4 The north had 20,000 miles of railroad track while the south had 9,000 The north had the U.S. Navy, while the south had no Navy to start the war.
5 Southern Advantages They only had to play defense They had excellent military leadership
6 Southern Plan for Victory Capture Washington, D.C.Strike through the Shenandoah ValleyGain European support
7 Anaconda Plan Union plan for victory: 1: Capture Richmond, the Confederate capital.2: Gain control of the Mississippi River3: Institute a naval blockade of the south.
8 Lincoln’s War Strategy was initially to preserve the Unionwas aimed at keeping the four border states in the Union, even though they allowed slavery. He thought this was crucial to winning the war
9 The border states did not join the Confederacy The border states did not join the Confederacy. They stayed in the Union.9
10 The East—Manassas and later Richmond, Virginia Early battles of the Civil War occurred in three areas of the North American continent.The East—Manassas and later Richmond, VirginiaThe Mississippi Valley—western Kentucky, Tennessee, and then Shiloh and the port of New OrleansThe Southwest—New Mexico10
11 First Battle of Bull Run Lincoln ordered his troops to march on the Confederate capital of RichmondThey were met by Confederate troops at Manassas Junction about 30 miles from D.C.
12 The Confederates held the high ground and were able to send the Union troops running back Bull Run convinced people the war was not going to be a quick and easy affairBoth sides began to train and prepare more seriously
13 The Battle of ShilohGeneral Grant defeated the Confederates at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson, giving the North control over Tennessee and Kentucky
14 Grant was marching towards Mississippi when he met up with Confederate General P.T. Beauregard
15 Grant was surprised by the attack and his troops were forced back They were able to regroup the next day and their counterattack was able to defeat the southerners
16 New OrleansUnion control of the Mississippi River depended on taking New OrleansAdmiral David Farragut attacked and took the cityThe loss of its largest and most profitable city was a blow to southern morale
17 Both the North and the South were shocked by the large number of dead and injured from the battles. 17
18 ObjectivesContrast the resources and strategies of the North and South.Describe the outcomes and effects of the early battles of the Civil War.18