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DO NOW Copy the following onto your Do Now paper for the week: The Civil War began in 1861. It ended in 1865.

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Presentation on theme: "DO NOW Copy the following onto your Do Now paper for the week: The Civil War began in 1861. It ended in 1865."— Presentation transcript:

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2 DO NOW Copy the following onto your Do Now paper for the week: The Civil War began in It ended in 1865.

3 Learning Goals EQ: Is war a necessary evil? LT: SWBAT recall major battles of the Civil War. POU: I can identify the major battles of the Civil War and state their impact.

4 THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR 1861 to 1865 THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR 1861 to 1865

5 The Second American Revolution The Second War for Independence The War for Southern Independence The Yankee Invasion The War for Constitutional Liberty The War for States' Rights Mr. Lincoln's War The War for Southern Rights The War of the Southern Planters The Southern Rebellion The War of the Rebellion The War of Secession The War to Suppress Yankee Arrogance The Brothers' War

6 The Great Rebellion The War for Southern Nationality The War Against Slavery The Civil War Between the States The War of the Sixties The War Against Northern Aggression The Yankee Invasion The War for Separation The War for Abolition The War for the Union The Confederate War The War of the Southrons The War for Southern Freedom The War of the North and South The Lost Cause

7 THE UNION’S GRAND STRATEGY BLOCKADE MISSISSIPPI RICHMOND

8 AKA: THE ANACONDA PLAN

9 THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run ShilohAntietamFredericksburgChancellorsvilleGettysburgVicksburg Sherman’s March Petersburg/RichmondAppomattox DATES

10 THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run ShilohAntietamFredericksburgChancellorsvilleGettysburgVicksburg Sherman’s March Petersburg/RichmondAppomattox APRIL

11 Fort Sumter THE WAR BEGINS

12 FORT SUMTER IMPACT Lincoln calls for volunteers 4 states, including NC secede Conflict officially a war IMPACT Lincoln calls for volunteers 4 states, including NC secede Conflict officially a war

13 THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run ShilohAntietamFredericksburgChancellorsvilleGettysburgVicksburg Sherman’s March Petersburg/RichmondAppomattox JULY

14 Bull Run REBELS WIN, AND STONEWALL BEGINS /first-battle-of-bull-run#first- battle-of-bull-run

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16 BULL RUN IMPACT Confederacy wins first major battle War will not be short Both sides ask for more recruits Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson earns his nickname IMPACT Confederacy wins first major battle War will not be short Both sides ask for more recruits Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson earns his nickname

17 THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run ShilohAntietamFredericksburgChancellorsvilleGettysburgVicksburg Sherman’s March Petersburg/RichmondAppomattox April 6 and

18 SHILOH INCREDIBLE CARNAGE

19 SHILOH IMPACT Becomes a typical bloody battle Ulysses S. Grant begins to make a name for himself

20 THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run ShilohAntietamFredericksburgChancellorsvilleGettysburgVicksburg Sherman’s March Petersburg/RichmondAppomattox SEPTEMBER

21 ANTIETAM BLOODY ANTIETAM

22 ANTIETAM Robert E. Lee leads rebels north to strike a blow in Union and win foreign support Lee's plans fall into Union hands Bloody battle leads to a Union “victory”

23 ANTIETAM IMPACT Union gains first major victory in east South hurt in gaining foreign allies Lincoln was waiting for victory to make a big move Change in Union Generals IMPACT Union gains first major victory in east South hurt in gaining foreign allies Lincoln was waiting for victory to make a big move Change in Union Generals

24 THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run ShilohAntietamFredericksburgChancellorsvilleGettysburgVicksburg Sherman’s March Petersburg/RichmondAppomattox July 1863

25 GETTYSBURG THE TURNING POINT

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29 GETTYSBURG IMPACT Union finally beats Robert E. Lee on the battlefield Confederate Army is devastated South will not get foreign support IMPACT Union finally beats Robert E. Lee on the battlefield Confederate Army is devastated South will not get foreign support

30 THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run ShilohAntietamFredericksburgChancellorsvilleGettysburgVicksburg Sherman’s March Petersburg/RichmondAppomattox July 1863

31 VICKSBURG THE MISSISSIPPI FALLS

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33 VICKSBURG IMPACT Grant fights his way to Vicksburg and surrounds the city Vicksburg forced to surrender Union gains control of Mississippi River The South is split IMPACT Grant fights his way to Vicksburg and surrounds the city Vicksburg forced to surrender Union gains control of Mississippi River The South is split

34 GRANT TAKES COMMAND

35 The Army of the Potomac and the Army of Northern Virginia met on many Virginia battlefields The Wilderness Spotsylvania Cold Harbor Petersburg

36 The casualties for both sides were very high Between May 4 to June 18 th Grant lost 65,000 men Lee lost 35,000 men The North could replace their men – the South couldn't

37 THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run ShilohAntietamFredericksburgChancellorsvilleGettysburgVicksburg Sherman’s March Petersburg/RichmondAppomattox Fall 1864

38 SHERMAN’S MARCH TOTAL WAR s/shermans- march/videos#shermans- terrifying-tactics

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40 SHERMAN ’ S MARCH IMPACT Confederate civilians are devastated South split again IMPACT Confederate civilians are devastated South split again

41 THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run ShilohAntietamFredericksburgChancellorsvilleGettysburgVicksburg Sherman’s March Petersburg/RichmondAppomattox APRIL 1865

42 APPOMATTOX COURTHOUSE LEE SURRENDERS – GAME OVER

43 istory.c om/vid eos/su rrende r-at- appom attox- courth ouse# battle- at- chanc ellorsvi lle

44 IMPACT Organized fighting ends The nation looks toward Reconstruction IMPACT Organized fighting ends The nation looks toward Reconstruction APPOMATTOX COURTHOUSE


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