Presentation on theme: "200 Zipcodes 42 Neighborhoods 5 Boroughs New York City Your Community Your Health New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene."— Presentation transcript:
200 Zipcodes 42 Neighborhoods 5 Boroughs New York City Your Community Your Health New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
Community Health Profiles What: Reports detailing the health of 42 New York City communities Why: By knowing what’s happening in communities, we can address the specific health challenges each faces When: Released in 2006 to update a 2003 release of an earlier version How: Available in print and on-line
How do we Know? Data sources NYC Community Health Survey (NYC DOHMH) Vital Statistics (NYC DOHMH) –Births –Deaths Hospitalizations (NYSDOH SPARCS) Surveillance (NYC DOHMH) –HIV/AIDS –Lead poisoning U.S. Census (NYC Dept. of City Planning)
Port Richmond (Staten Island) How do we define a neighborhood? Zip codes :
Today we’ll cover… Community at a Glance Health Highlight The Big Picture Take Care New York How can you use this data?
Age Poverty Education Foreign-born Race/Ethnicity Community at a Glance
Port Richmond at a Glance: Poverty
19% of Port Richmond adults ages 25+ have a college degree –An additional 7% have completed up to 8 th grade 18% of Port Richmond residents were born outside of the United States. Port Richmond at a Glance: Education & Foreign-Born
NEIGHBORHOOD HEALTH HIGHLIGHT: Injury from Motor Vehicle Crashes
The Big Picture: How Residents Rate Their Own Health
The Big Picture: Death Rates
1. Have a regular doctor 2. Be tobacco-free 3. Keep your heart healthy 4. Know your HIV status 5. Get help for depression 6. Live free of alcohol & drugs 7. Get checked for cancer 8. Get the immunizations you need 9. Make your home safe & healthy 10. Have a healthy baby Policy for a Healthier New York City
TCNY 1 Have a Primary Care Provider Why it’s important: People with a regular primary care provider are more likely to get screened for cancer, be treated for heart disease, and receive vaccinations Source: Take Care New York: A Policy for a Healthier New York City. NY: NYCDOHMH, 2004.
TCNY 1 Have a Regular Doctor or Health Care Provider 14% of Port Richmond adults are uninsured or went without insurance during the past year
TCNY 2 Be Tobacco Free Why it’s important: Smoking deaths are preventable! Smoking kills about 10,000 New Yorkers and costs about $4.7 billion each year. Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of low birth weight babies. Source: Take Care New York: A Policy for a Healthier New York City. NY: NYCDOHMH, 2004.
TCNY 2 Be Tobacco-Free
TCNY 3 Keep Your Heart Healthy Why it’s important: Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death among New Yorkers. Healthier levels of blood pressure and cholesterol are associated with reduced risks of heart attacks and strokes. Eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and maintaining a healthy weight are all help to keep blood pressure and cholesterol at healthy levels. Source: Take Care New York: A Policy for a Healthier New York City. NY: NYCDOHMH, 2004.
TCNY 3 Keep Your Heart Healthy
About 1 in 4 adults in Port Richmond are obese 9% of Port Richmond adults have diabetes 42% of Port Richmond adults report not exercising at all
TCNY 4 Know Your HIV Status Why it’s important: NYC has the highest AIDS case rate of any city in the country – more cases than San Francisco, Los Angeles, Miami, and Washington, DC, combined. HIV is preventable! Effective medical treatment of people infected with HIV can reduce the risk of transmission and improve and prolong their lives. Source: Take Care New York: A Policy for a Healthier New York City. NY: NYCDOHMH, 2004.
TCNY 4 Know Your HIV Status
Death rate due to HIV in Port Richmond has dropped by 60% in the past decade 721 people per 100,000 are living with HIV/AIDS in Port Richmond 56% of Port Richmond adults reported using a condom
TCNY 5 Get Help For Depression Why it’s important: Emotional distress is strongly correlated with poor health outcomes. Medication and/or counseling can provide relief to many people who have depression. Source: Take Care New York: A Policy for a Healthier New York City. NY: NYCDOHMH, 2004.
TCNY 5 Get Help For Depression
TCNY 6 Live Free of Dependence on Drugs & Alcohol Source: Take Care New York: A Policy for a Healthier New York City. NY: NYCDOHMH, Why it’s important: More than 1,500 New Yorkers die from alcohol-related causes each year. Alcoholism and opiate addiction can be effectively treated.
TCNY 6 Live Free of Alcohol and Drugs
TCNY 7 Get Checked for Cancer Source: American Cancer Society (website) Why it’s important: Cancer is the 2 nd leading cause of death in NYC. Early detection and treatment of breast, cervical, and colon cancers can minimize suffering and prevent death from these cancers.
TCNY 7 Get Checked for Cancer
TCNY 8 Get The Immunizations You Need Why it’s important: Immunizations are not just for kids People 65 and older who are immunized against flu experience –20% fewer heart and stroke related hospitalizations, –30% fewer flu & pneumonia hospitalizations, and –50% lower risk of death from all causes during flu season. Source: Take Care New York: A Policy for a Healthier New York City. NY: NYCDOHMH, 2004.
TCNY 8 Get the Immunizations You Need Flu immunization in Port Richmond falls short of the 80% TCNY target by more than 25%
TCNY 9 Make Your Home Safe and Healthy Why it’s important: Domestic violence accounted for 30% of all homicides among New York City women in Elevated blood lead levels in children can impair health, learning, and behavior. Source: Take Care New York: A Policy for a Healthier New York City. NY: NYCDOHMH, 2004.
TCNY 9 Make Your Home Safe and Healthy
TCNY 10 Have a Healthy Baby Why it’s important: Planning pregnancy can help to ensure healthy birth outcomes. Early prenatal care can reduce the risk of having a low birth weight baby (< 5 lbs, 8oz), and low birth weight babies are more likely to have serious health problems and long-term disabilities. Sources: Take Care New York: A Policy for a Healthier New York City. NY: NYCDOHMH, March of Dimes (website)
TCNY 10 Have a Healthy Baby
How can this Data be used? Understanding health issues Prioritizing health issues Putting numbers to impressions Grant-writing Education and Advocacy
Other Sources of Data Web-based, interactive query system Ask & answer your own questions about the health of New Yorkers
Other Sources of Data Publications –Sign up at nyc.gov/health (click on “Sign up for Health s”) to receive press releases with links to these publications when they are released
nyc.gov/health – “My Community’s Health
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