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1 Winter Canola Variety Trials and the Winter of 2013-2014 Michael Stamm and Scott Dooley Kansas State University, Manhattan Josh Bushong Oklahoma State.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Winter Canola Variety Trials and the Winter of 2013-2014 Michael Stamm and Scott Dooley Kansas State University, Manhattan Josh Bushong Oklahoma State."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Winter Canola Variety Trials and the Winter of Michael Stamm and Scott Dooley Kansas State University, Manhattan Josh Bushong Oklahoma State University, Stillwater

2 2 Summary of First true test of winter hardiness since acres have grown significantly in the southern Great Plains First true test of winter hardiness for many of the varieties we currently grow Yields were reduced because of a lack of plant biomass produced in the spring We have a better idea of where varieties should or should not be grown

3 Importance of Winter Survival Winter survival begins with getting a good stand Low temperatures reduce leaf area, stored N, and water availability Better survival equals a greater leaf expansion rate in the spring, greater photosynthetic activity, improved weed control, and balanced maturity at harvest Yield is largely impacted by plant density and is most stable when plants are evenly distributed within the row and across the field 3

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6 6 Canola Variety Development More hybrids being tested each year New traits to evaluate and consider –Semi-dwarf –Clearfield herbicide resistance system New players in the region –Limagrain –Syngenta –MOMONT New products from K-State in 1 to 2 years –KSR07352S will be marketed as DKW45-25 (RR/SURT) –3 to 4 new Roundup Ready experimental lines –New winter hardy conventional and SU carryover tolerant varieties

7 Winter Canola Performance Trials Conventional Entries NameSourceType, Trait PT 211DuPont PioneerHybrid X10W443CDuPont PioneerHybrid X10W665CDuPont PioneerHybrid, semi-dwarf X12W377CDuPont PioneerHybrid, semi-dwarf X12W447CDuPont PioneerHybrid, X13W029CDuPont PioneerHybrid, semi-dwarf KSUR21Kansas State UniversityOP, SU carryover tolerant RileyKansas State UniversityOP SumnerKansas State UniversityOP, SU carryover tolerant WichitaKansas State UniversityOP AlabasterLimagrainHybrid AlbatrosLimagrainHybrid ArtogaLimagrainHybrid ChromeMomontHybrid CHH2311MomontHybrid DimensionRubisco SeedsHybrid Edimax CLRubisco SeedsHybrid, Clearfield InspirationRubisco SeedsHybrid MercedesRubisco SeedsHybrid SitroRubisco SeedsHybrid

8 Winter Canola Performance Trials Roundup Ready Entries NameDeveloperType, Trait HyCLASS115WCROPLAN by WinFieldOP, RR/SURT HyCLASS125WCROPLAN by WinFieldOP, RR/SURT DL DL SeedsHybrid, RR NPZ4005DL SeedsHybrid, RR 46W94DuPont PioneerHybrid, RR 46W99DuPont PioneerHybrid, RR KSR07352SKansas State UniversityOP, RR/SU KSR07363Kansas State UniversityOP, RR KSR4649SKansas State UniversityOP, RR/SU KSR4650Kansas State UniversityOP, RR KSR4653SKansas State UniversityOP, RR/SU KSR4654SKansas State UnversityOP, RR/SU DKW41-10Monsanto / DEKALBOP, RR DKW44-10Monsanto / DEKALBOP, RR DKW46-15Monsanto / DEKALBOP, RR/SURT DKW47-15Monsanto / DEKALBOP, RR/SURT Star 915WStar Specialty SeedOP, RR/SURT

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10 10 Winter survival ratings at Lamont, OK 46W94DuPont Pioneer4.6DL302226DL Seeds4.4 46W99DuPont Pioneer3.4NPZ4005DL Seeds3.6 PT211DuPont Pioneer4.8DimensionRubisco3.4 X10W443CDuPont Pioneer3.2Edimax CLRubisco3.6 X10W665CDuPont Pioneer1.8InspirationRubisco3.6 X12W377CDuPont Pioneer1.8MercedesRubisco3.0 X12W447CDuPont Pioneer2.4SitroRubisco3.6 X13W029CDuPont Pioneer2.2KSR07352SKSU/MON1.8 AlabasterLimagrain3.8KSR07363KSU1.6 AlbatrosLimagrain3.8KSR4649SKSU2.2 ArtogaLimagrain4.8KSR4650KSU1.4 CHH2311MOMONT4.8KSR4653SKSU2.0 ChromeMOMONT3.2KSR4654SKSU1.8 DKW41-10DeKalb1.4KSUR21KSU1.2 DKW44-10DeKalb1.6RileyKSU1.4 DKW46-15DeKalb2.2SumnerKSU1.4 DKW47-15DeKalb2.6WichitaKSU1.6 HyCLASS115WCroplan2.0Mean2.7 HyCLASS125WCroplan2.8CV23.7 Star915WStar Specialty2.4LSD (0.05)0.8 Highlights - Superior LSD Grouping Rated 27-Mar-2014 by Mike Stamm, KSU Ratings based on 1=no winterkill to 5=complete winterkill

11 11 Helena RR Trial OSU Performance Trials. Seed yield (bu/a) of glyphosate resistant cultivars. CultivarSourceLamontLahomaMiamiHelenaEl Reno 46W94DuPont Pioneer W99DuPont Pioneer DL DL Seeds NPZ 4005DL Seeds DKW 41-10Monsanto / DeKalb DKW 44-10Monsanto / DeKalb DKW 46-15Monsanto / DeKalb DKW 47-15Monsanto / DeKalb HC 115WCroplan by WinField HC 125WCroplan by WinField KSR07352SK-State / Monsanto KSR07363K-State / Monsanto KSR4649SKansas State University KSR4650Kansas State University KSR4653SKansas State University KSR4654SKansas State University Star 915WStar Specialty Seed LSD (P=.05) 3.1 NS 5.7 NS10.5 CV Grand Mean

12 OSU Performance Trials. Seed yield (bu/a) of conventional cultivars CultivarSourceLamontLahomaMiamiHelenaEl Reno PT211DuPont Pioneer X10W443CDuPont Pioneer X10W665CDuPont Pioneer X12W377CDuPont Pioneer X12W447CDuPont Pioneer X13W029CDuPont Pioneer SitroRubisco Seeds DimensionRubisco Seeds Edimax CLRubisco Seeds InspirationRubisco Seeds MercedesRubisco Seeds AlbatrosLimagrain ArtogaLimagrain AlabasterLimagrain KSUR21Kansas State University RileyKansas State University SumnerKansas State University WichitaKansas State University ChromeMomont CHH2311Momont LSD (P=.05) 3.8 NS CV Grand Mean

13 13 National Winter Canola Variety Trial Developer / MarketerEntriesCommercial CROPLAN by WinField22 DL Seeds Inc.72 DuPont Pioneer82 High Plains Crop Development11 Kansas State University104 Limagrain 30 MOMONT / Photosyntech 51 Monsanto / DEKALB74 Rubisco Seeds66 Star Specialty Seed11 Syngenta40 Virginia State University31 Totals5727

14 14 Goodwell, NWCVT LSD = 14.1, CV = 23.7

15 OSU and Oklahoma Oilseed Commission Demo Plot. Stand rating (1=good, 5=bad) and seed yield (bu/a) at Granite, OK. CultivarSourceStand (1-5)Yield (bu/a) 46W94DuPont Pioneer W99DuPont Pioneer DL DL Seeds NPZ 4005DL Seeds DKW 41-10Monsanto / DeKalb DKW 44-10Monsanto / DeKalb DKW 46-15Monsanto / DeKalb DKW 47-15Monsanto / DeKalb HC 115WCroplan by WinField HC 125WCroplan by WinField LSD (P=.05) CV Grand Mean

16 16 Take home messages Diversified cultivar selection is critical A variety will only show maximum performance when managed appropriately Use multiple years and locations to make an informed variety selection Interest in the region is growing, and so is investment in cultivar development

17 Thanks! Josh Bushong OSU, Winter Canola Extension Mike Stamm KSU, Canola Breeder 17


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