Presentation on theme: "COMPUTER-INTERNET BASICS ROBERTO GALLARDO, MSUES JENNIFER NABZDYK, MLC OCTOBER 6, 2014 *Technology Academy content originally developed by the collaborative."— Presentation transcript:
COMPUTER-INTERNET BASICS ROBERTO GALLARDO, MSUES JENNIFER NABZDYK, MLC OCTOBER 6, 2014 *Technology Academy content originally developed by the collaborative efforts of the MS State University Extension Service and Mississippi Library Commission.
Source: Remember when?
What is a computer?computer Hardware Vs. Software (OS; Applications) Computer types Desktop All-in-one Tower Laptop Tablet; Smartphone Source: Goodwill Community Foundation
Parts of a computer (hardware) Monitor Keyboard Mouse Computer case Motherboard Central Processing Unit (CPU) RAM (short-term; resets when computer is off) Hard Drive (long-term; contains data) Source: Goodwill Community Foundation
Computer Case Optical disc drive (CD/DVD) Power button Universal Serial Bus (USB) Monitor Port Ethernet Port Source: Goodwill Community Foundation
Operating System (OS): “Software that manages the computer’s memory, processes, and all of its software and hardware” Most common desktop/laptop operating systems use GUI: Graphical User Interface Windows OS X Linux Source: Goodwill Community Foundation
OS Important Functions Start button: provides access to programs, settings, and files Desktop: background space on which windows, programs, and others appear Control panel: change settings on computer & manage devices File explorer: organize and manage files
Computer basics Windows Desktop
OS X Desktop
Computer basics Linux (Ubuntu) Desktop
EXERCISE: FIND OUT THE OPERATING SYSTEM RUNNING IN THE COMPUTER
On the desktop, right click on the computer icon and select properties
Or go to Start Control panel System and Security System
EXERCISE: CHANGE TEXT SIZE USING THE CONTROL PANEL.
Go to Start Control panel Appearance & Personalization Display
EXERCISE: OPEN MICROSOFT WORD & SAVE FILE.
Go to Start All Programs Microsoft Office (may have to scroll) Word
EXERCISE: FIND RECENTLY CREATED WORD FILE (“Tech Outreach”) USING FILE EXPLORER.
Go to Start Documents Desktop (under favorites)
What is the Internet? “Internet is the largest computer network in the world, connecting millions of computers. A network is a group of two or more computer systems linked together.” Source: Goodwill Community Foundation
Keywords Networks: group of two or more computer systems linked together Servers: computer that “serves” many different computers; runs specialized software Clients: computers requesting information to servers using familiar software ( , web browsers, etc.) Source: Goodwill Community Foundation
Keywords World Wide Web (WWW): virtual network connected by links HTML: files on which the WWW relies; code used to program web sites URL (Uniform Resource Locator): website “address”; typed in the web browser address bar Source: Goodwill Community Foundation
Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Cable Modem Fiber Optic Cable Wireless Fidelity (WiFi) Satellite Broadband over Powerline (BPL) Types of Internet Connection
Internet Browsers: Software that allows you to “browse” the web Popular browsers Explorer Chrome Firefox Source: Goodwill Community Foundation
Internet basics Internet Explorer
Internet basics Mozilla Firefox
Internet basics Google Chrome
Web browser basic components Address Bar Address Buttons (refresh, stop loading, etc.) Command Bar (print, , etc.) Bookmarks (Favorites) Tab Groups Navigation Toolbar (back, forward) Content Area Source: Goodwill Community Foundation
[OPEN EACH BROWSER AND HIGHLIGHT THE BASIC COMPONENTS] Internet basics
Short for electronic mail Open web browser Type in client web address Sign-in to account Compose new Attach file (use file explorer to locate file)
Internet Safety Threats to computer (viruses) Identity theft Privacy issues Harassment (cyberbullying) Internet basics Source: Goodwill Community Foundation
Key Terms Malware/Spyware Phishing Virus/Worms Clickjacking/Pharming Spam Googling yourself Passwords Source: Goodwill Community Foundation
How to protect yourself Install antivirus/antimalware; keep updated Backup computer frequently Check website’s security status before entering sensitive information (SSL certificate) Customize social networking privacy settings Customize Scrutinize s/company/seller closely Source: Goodwill Community Foundation
Cyberbullying “When one person is tormented, threatened, harassed, humiliated, or embarrassed by somebody else using the Internet” Source: stopcyberbullying.org Internet basics
How to respond to cyberbullying Don’t respond Block the harasser Keep records Report to the website (Facebook, Twitter, etc.) When/if report to law enforcement More resources Fear Stops Here (fearstopshere.com) Fear Stops Here Cyberbullying Research Center (cyberbullying.us) Cyberbullying Research Center Source: Goodwill Community Foundation