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INCLUSIVE PUBLISHING in the Educational Environment UNIVERSAL DESIGN means the design of products, environments, programs and services to be usable by.

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Presentation on theme: "INCLUSIVE PUBLISHING in the Educational Environment UNIVERSAL DESIGN means the design of products, environments, programs and services to be usable by."— Presentation transcript:

1 INCLUSIVE PUBLISHING in the Educational Environment UNIVERSAL DESIGN means the design of products, environments, programs and services to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design. "Universal design" shall not exclude assistive devices for particular groups of persons with disabilities where this is needed. [Art. 2, UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities] Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

2 REALISTICALLY ACHIEVABLE VISION WHAT WILL BE BEST? (from the perspective of the accessibility and disability communities) Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

3 BEST WILL BE… the Publishing Industry Delivers Accessible Content itself (Inclusive Publishing) if so, there is a need for publishing standards and processes that allow publishers to create, distribute, and sell accessible material easily = Strategy of the DAISY Consortium [http:/www.daisy.org/mission] Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

4 ACCESSIBILITY AND THE PUBLISHING ECOSYSTEM Accessibility calls for the interoperability of ► Content (i.e. books or documents of any kind) ► Rendering Technologies (Internet, reading systems) ► Distribution Channels (portals, downloads) ► Assistive Technologies (screen reader, Braille displays, other alternative entry and controlling systems / devices) ► Consumers (able/enabled to use the technologies) If one of those fails, accessibility fails Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

5 Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 ACCESSIBLE CONTENT KEY REQUIREMENTS (I) NAVIGABILITY Orient oneself in the book / document logical reading order, header hierarchy, sections, paragraphs, pagination, footnotes, annotations, side notes, marginal notes, embedded text boxes etc. 5

6 Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 ACCESSIBLE CONTENT KEY REQUIREMENTS (II) SYNCHRONIZAD PERCEPTION CHANNELS Reading with Eyes, Ears, Fingers pending on the abilities / disabilities content is read and further processed by using different perception channels or combining them (blindness, low vision, deafness, hard of hearing, dyslexia, physical or mental handicaps etc.) 6

7 ACCESSIBLE CONTENT KEY REQUIREMENTS (III) Machine-Readability Text-to-speech technology cannot read IMAGES Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

8 SCIENTIFIC CONTENT FORMULAS Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

9 Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 ACCESSIBLE CONTENT VIABLE DEFINITION Books or documents of any kind (including educational material and textbooks) as fully integrated synchronized and navigable electronic multimedia products (= eBooks) 9

10 Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 Oh, my God…... how can we as Publishers meet all these requirements?... how much will it cost?... what are our benefits?... is there a market?... what is the business model? 10

11 GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS (I) ► 10% to 15% of the population with special needs / disabilities (WHO) ► Demographic change / aging populations with corresponding limited abilities ► Rapidly growing global ICT penetration – not one area of life that is not affected (Education, Formation, Professional Life, eServices, eLearning Platforms, Entertainment, Social Media, Internet, TV, Multimedia, etc.) ► Multiple distribution channels for content consumed on many different devices with different properties Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

12 GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS (II) ► Corporate Social Identity (the industry’s social responsibility) ► Inclusive Education (students with special needs / disabilities are educated in “normal” classes vs. in “special schools”) ► More regulatory measures (public procurements, accessible eBook readers in the schools, accessible learning material) High Level Principles / Guidelines UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities [http:// ] Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

13 WIN-WIN SITUATION KILL TWO BIRDS WITH ONE STONE 1. Adapt to the eBook market by ► rethinking the production workflows [recommended is XML-first workflow] ► produce one source file [generate multiple output formats from it, using multiple distribution channels for multiple rendering tools] 2. Aim for and include built-in accessibility ► consider the accessibility aspects from the start Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

14 RE-USABLE CONTENT Create re-usable content (simply said: create one output-agnostic source file from which many output formats can be generated in automated conversion processes) “For years I’ve been telling that in order to build e-books we need content that is re-usable. Many editors and publishers are still thinking about paper books and don’t think about the fact that they are producing content that can be scalable and used on other devices.” [Luc Audrain, Hachette Livre, 2012] Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

15 WHERE TO START - STRATEGICALLY? ► Accessible Publishing - Best Practice Guidelines for Publishers [http://www.editeur.org/109/Enabling-Technologies-Framework- Guidelines/] Guidelines/http://www.editeur.org/109/Enabling-Technologies-Framework- Guidelines/ ► ► Make the Inclusive Publishing a top priority at the senior management level of the company [appoint an internal responsible for accessibility concerns] ► ► Build up partnerships with agencies specialized in providing accessible material (libraries for the blind, service centres for disabled students etc.) Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

16 WHERE TO START - TECHNICALLY? EPUB 3 STANDARD Supports natively accessibility key requirements built-in accessibility Open worldwide de facto standard for eBooks XML based – XHTML5 – HTML5 Developed and maintained by the International Publishing Forum (IDPF), not-for-profit [http://idpf.org/] In close collaboration with the Inclusive Publishing - focused community (DAISY Consortium) [http://www.daisy.org/] Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

17 EPUB 3 SUPPORTS ► Navigability ► Synchronization of Perception Channels (“Media Overlays” [text, audio, video]) ► Reflowability (automatic adaption to screen sizes) ► Global Language Support (worldwide adoption) ► MathML (scientific content) ► Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) ► Online – Offline Reading ► Rich and flexible meta data management ► Fixed Layout [http://idpf.org/epub/fxl/] Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

18 DO YOU WANT TO KN0W MORE ABOUT IT (I)? O‘Reilly’ publications “Best Practices” (February 2013) ► EPUB Forums: ► EPUB Accessibility Forum: ► EPUB Accessibility Guidelines: Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

19 DO YOU WANT TO KN0W MORE ABOUT IT (II)? EPUB 3 Samples Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

20 DO YOU WANT TO KN0W MORE ABOUT IT (III)? Reading Systems ► READIUM (reader, reference implementation, developed by IDPF [http://readium.org/] ► READIUM (now on Chrome Web Store) [http://readium.org/news/readium-now-on-chrome-web-store] ► Book Industry Study Group (BISG) develops / maintains the EPUB 3 Support Grid [http://www.bisg.org/what-we-do epub-3-support-grid.php] epub-3-support-grid.phphttp://www.bisg.org/what-we-do epub-3-support-grid.php Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

21 SPECIAL ATTENTION TO BE PAID TO NON-TEXTUAL ELEMENTS images, graphs, animations, videos Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

22 Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 NON-TEXTUAL ELEMENTS (I) 22

23 NON-TEXTUAL ELEMENTS (II) Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

24 NON-TEXTUAL ELEMENTS (III) Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

25 IMAGE DESCRIPTIONS / DIAGRAM-PROJECT [http://diagramcenter.org/about.html] ► The DIAGRAM Center […] to make it easier, faster, and more cost effective to create and use accessible images so that students with print disabilities have timely access to the information they need ► The Project Partners : Benetech [http://www.benetech.org], National Center for Accessible Media, [http://ncam.wgbh.org/], DAISY Consortium [http://www,daisy.org] ► The DIAGRAM Content Model [http://diagramcenter.org/development/content-model.html] ► TOBI : authoring tool that supports the DIAGRAM content model [http://www.daisy.org/tobi] Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

26 ACCESSIBILITY DESCRIPTION META DATA - ONIX The ONIX Standard contains meta data for the description of Accessibility List 196 E-publication Accessibility Details [http://www.editeur.org/files/ONIX%20for%20books%20- %20code%20lists/ONIX_BookProduct_CodeLists_Issue_19.html] %20code%20lists/ONIX_BookProduct_CodeLists_Issue_19.htmlhttp://www.editeur.org/files/ONIX%20for%20books%20- %20code%20lists/ONIX_BookProduct_CodeLists_Issue_19.html Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

27 THE PATH TO INCLUSIVE PUBLISHING ► Focus on EPUB3 ► Assume Social Responsibility - Make Accessibility a top Priority (in your company) ► Think of Image Descriptions (non-textual elements) ► Build up Partnerships (organizations that can make your eBooks more accessible / access-enhancements) ► Add Accessibility Meta Data (to your products) Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

28 RESOURCES (I) Inclusive Publishing ► UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; high level principles for Inclusion: ► Accessible Publishing - Best Practice Guidelines for Publishers (in English, German, French, Japanese, Spanish, Italian). Those Guidelines have been endorsed by The International Publishers Association, the Federation of European Publishers, and the International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers: [www.editeur.org/109/Enabling-Technologies- Framework-Guidelines/] Framework-Guidelines/www.editeur.org/109/Enabling-Technologies- Framework-Guidelines/ Basic References ► International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF): ► DAISY Consortium: ► Strategy of the DAISY Consortium: Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

29 RESOURCES (II) ► EPUB 3 specifications (2011): = DAISY distribution standard ► DAISY(4) authoring specification (2012): Authoring and Interchange Framework for Adaptive XML Publishing Specification, ANSI/NISO Z : ► Image Description: DIAGRAM Project: ► Accessibility Metadata: %20code%20lists/ONIX_BookProduct_CodeLists_Issue_19.html %20code%20lists/ONIX_BookProduct_CodeLists_Issue_19.html %20code%20lists/ONIX_BookProduct_CodeLists_Issue_19.htmlHandbooks ► Garrish, Matt: What is EPUB 3 (1 st Edition), 2011, O’Reilly Media ► Garrish, Matt: Accessible EPUB 3 (1 st edition), 2012, O’Reilly Media ► Garrish, Matt, Gylling Markus: EPUB 3, Best Practices, February 2013, O’Reilly Media All available at: Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

30 RESOURCES (III) Further Information Sources ► EPUB Forums (general): ► EPUB Accessibility Forum: ► EPUB Accessibility Guidelines (technical-oriented, including sample code): EPUB 3 Samples ► EPUB samples for download / browsing source codes ► Dante‘s Comedy (example, including Media Overlay with human narration, video): comedy-read-prof-lino-pertile comedy-read-prof-lino-pertile comedy-read-prof-lino-pertile Reading System (EPUB3) ► READIUM Reference Implementation (IDPF): Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

31 RESOURCES (IV) ► READIUM on Chrome Web Store: on-chrome-web-store on-chrome-web-store on-chrome-web-store ► Books Industry Study Group (BISG): EPUB 3 Grid: Other Helpful Resource ► EPUB Resources: “A comprehensive (OK, probably not) list of EPUB devices, tools, and applications. Items marked with [EPUB3] claim to provide some level of support for EPUB 3.”: Tools developed by the DAISY Consortium ► PIPELINE 1 (multi-format converter); cross-platform, open source transformation framework for creating DTB-based documents from DTBook or XHTML documents - (free): Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November

32 RESOURCES (V) ► PIPELINE 2 (multi-format conversion, under development); cross- platform, open source transformation framework for creating DTB-based documents from DTBook or XHTML documents - (free), supports EPUB3: ► TOBI (authoring tool for DAISY and EPUB3, including support for the DIAGRAM object model, open source, free): ► OBI (DAISY 3 audio production tool): Other DAISY 3 / 2 authoring tools Other DAISY 3 / 2 authoring tools ► Save As DAISY add-in for Microsoft Word (supports MathML): ► odt2daisy - OpenOffice.org Writer Extension (supports MathML): Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November


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