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11 Getting Started with ASP.NET Beginning ASP.NET 4.0 in C# 2010 Chapters 5 and 6.

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Presentation on theme: "11 Getting Started with ASP.NET Beginning ASP.NET 4.0 in C# 2010 Chapters 5 and 6."— Presentation transcript:

1 11 Getting Started with ASP.NET Beginning ASP.NET 4.0 in C# 2010 Chapters 5 and 6

2 22 Objectives You will be able to Create a very simple web application in Visual Studio 2010. Dynamically alter contents of a page. Get and process text input from the user. Understand the relationship between what you write in Visual Studio and what the browser receives from the server.

3 33 ASP.NET ASP.NET permits us to dynamically create content for a web page using code that runs on the server. Start with a file of text similar to HTML. Can include real HTML. We can modify any properties of page elements at run time. Server translates this pseudo-HTML into real HTML which it sends to the browser. We can provide code to respond to events such as button clicks.

4 44 Hello, World! Let’s start with a “Hello, World” ASP.NET application. Get past the startup hurdles before trying to write real web application code. We will use Visual Studio’s built in web server to test and demonstrate our web application code.

5 55 Creating a New Web App In Visual Studio 2010 File > New Web Site (NOT New project)

6 6 Empty Web Site Web Site Name Check this setting

7 7 View Solution Explorer

8 88 The Solution Explorer

9 9 A New “Empty” Web Site Visual Studio is ambiguous about “project” There is no project file such as you might have seen for Visual Studio Windows programs.

10 10 A New “Empty” Web Site There is a pair of “solution” files in the Projects directory.

11 11 The Solution Files Hello.sln holds Visual Studio settings associated with this web site (project). You can look at it with WordPad. Hello.suo is a binary file These files are used only by Visual Studio. Not part of the web app. Not deployed to a web server. Both of these files can be reproduced at any time if they are deleted. Can generally be ignored.

12 12 The Web Site Directory C:\Documents and Settings\Rollins\My Documents\ Visual Studio 2010\WebSites\Hello These files are the web app. Will be deployed to the web server. Will be in a virtual directory on the Internet.

13 13 The web.config File Double click to open in VS editor

14 14 The web.config File Every ASP.NET web app has an XML configuration file called web.config. ASCII text Holds information used by the server and (possibly) by application code. See page 163 and following. Can be edited with any plain text editor. Even on the server We will learn more about config files throughout the course. Can ignore for now.

15 15 Initial web.config

16 16 Adding a Web Page

17 17 Add File Default.aspx Note file name. This is the usual starting page for an ASP.NET web site.

18 18 Default.aspx

19 19 Default.aspx.cs Visual Studio has also created the “code behind” file, Default.aspx.cs

20 20 Default.aspx.cs The initial file doesn’t do anything.

21 21 The Design View A WYSIWYG editor for web pages. View > Toolbox

22 22 The Design Surface Click here to see Source view.

23 23 Source View Click here to return to Design view.

24 24 Design View Click inside Div box. Then double click on Label in Toolbox.

25 25 Add a Label Right click on Label. Select Properties. Set Text property to “Hello, World!”

26 26 Label Properties Click here to view in browser.

27 27 Debugging Not Enabled Click OK.

28 28 Page in Chrome

29 29 What We Wrote

30 30 What the Browser Received

31 31 What’s happening here? When a browser requests an aspx page from an IIS (Microsoft) web server, IIS retrieves the file from the virtual directory and passes it to ASPX for processing.

32 32 What’s happening here? ASPX translated what we wrote into what the browser saw. Using the visual designer, we wrote the HTML-like code shown on a previous slide. Visual Studio’s built-in IIS web server translated that code into the real HTML code that the browser received. Note that there is a single HTML form. The browser rendered the HTML as the page that we saw.

33 33 Translating ASPX to HTML All tags are instructions to the server. Removed and processed by the server. <%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true" CodeFile="Default.aspx.cs" Inherits="_Default" %>

34 34 Translating ASPX to HTML All tags are ASPX controls. Replaced by HTML as the aspx file is processed by ASPX on the server. ASPX compiles an object corresponding to each control. The object emits HTML text as the page is rendered on the server. All HTML text is passed to the browser unchanged.

35 35 Translating ASPX to HTML Hello, World! ASPX HTML

36 36 Add Some Style In Design view, right click on the label and select Properties. Properties window will appear. Expand Font and set Font properties Bold: True Name: Arial Size: XX-Large Set ForeColor property to Red

37 37 Set Properties

38 38 Give the Page a Title Select DOCUMENT Click the Play button to display the page in the browser.

39 39 Our Page in Chrome Title

40 40 What We Wrote

41 41 What the Browser Received

42 42 The Code-Behind File View Solution Explorer Expand Default.aspx Double click on Default.aspx.cs to open the source code file in an editor window.

43 43 Class _Default Page_Load will be executed before the page is rendered on the server.

44 44 Dynamically Alter the Page

45 45 The New Version in Chrome

46 46 What We Wrote Default.aspx has not changed.

47 47 What the Browser Received The text inside the is different.

48 48 What’s happening here? The server read file Default.aspx The server instantiated the label as an object. With the properties that we had set. The server read and compiled Default.aspx.cs, and then invoked our Page_Load method. Our code modified properties of the label object. Lable1.Text Label1.ForeColor The server invoked a method of the label object. Output yourself as HTML. The browser saw the resulting HTML.

49 49 Getting User Input Let’s modify the page to get the user’s name and customize the greeting for the user. Back in the Designer View the toolbox Position the cursor in front of Hello, World! Press Enter several times to add some space above Hello, World. Position the cursor at the top of the div box.

50 50 Getting User Input In the Toolbox, double click Label to add a Label to the page. Press Enter In the Toolbox, double click TextBox. You may need to scroll down in the Toolbox. Resize the Textbox as shown on the next slide.

51 51 Getting User Input

52 52 Modify the Page in the Designer Give the original label a name. lblGreeting in its (ID) Property Set text for new label to “Please enter your name then click OK.” Set ID property of the TextBox to tbName.

53 53 In the Designer

54 54 Add a Button Position the cursor between the textbox and Hello, World! Double click Button in ToolBox. Set its Text property to OK. Set its ID to btnOK. Resize the button, making it a bit larger.

55 55 Add a Button

56 56 Add a Button Double click on the button to generate an event handler. Add code to the event handler as shown in the next slide.

57 57 The Button-click Event Handler

58 58 The Page in Chrome Enter your name and then click OK.

59 59 After Clicking OK

60 What We Wrote

61 61 What the Browser Saw Initially Scroll down.

62 62 What the Browser Saw Initially

63 63 What the Browser Saw After the Click Scroll down.

64 64 What the Browser Saw After the Click

65 65 Files Let’s see what files we have created. The WebSites Directory

66 66 Directory Hello These files are plain text files. Can open in NotePad These files are the web app. Can be copied to an IIS web server and accessed on the Internet

67 67 Projects Directory

68 68 Solution Files These files are used by Visual Studio to manage the project. Remember settings, etc. Don’t need to look at them. Must not modify them. Can be deleted. Visual Studio will recreate them the next time we open the web site.

69 69 Assignment Review the slides for this presentation. Do the examples from this lecture for yourself if you didn’t do them in class. Read (Skim) Chapters 1 - 5 of Beginning ASP.NET 4.0 in C# 2010

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