2 Homework Review45. When tin(IV) oxide is heated with carbon in a process called smelting, the element tin can be extracted.SnO2(s) + 2C(s) Sn(l) + 2CO(g)Interpret the chemical equation in terms of particles, moles, and mass.Particles: 1 f.u. SnO2 + 2 atoms C 1 atom Sn + 2 molecules COMoles: 1 mole SnO2 + 2 mole C 1 mole Sn + 2 mole COMass: g SnO g C g Sn g CO
3 Homework Review49. Solid silicon dioxide, often called silica, reacts with hydrofluoric acid (HF) solution to produce the gas silicon tetrafluoride and water. a. Write the balanced chemical equation for the reaction. SiO2 (s) + 4 HF (aq) SiF4 (g) + 2 H2O (g) b. List three mole ratios, and explain how you would use them in stoichiometric calculations. You should have listed 12 mole ratios. They are useful to convert from moles of one substance to moles of another.
4 Homework Review50. Chrome The most important commercial ore of chromium is chromite (FeCr2O4). One of the steps in the process used to extract chromium is the reaction of chromite with coke (carbon) to produce ferrochrome (FeCr2). 2C(s) + FeCr2O4(s) FeCr2 (s) + 2CO2 (g) What mole ratio would you use to convert from moles of chromite to moles of ferrochrome? 1 mole FeCr2 / 1 mole FeCr2O4
5 Homework Review53. Antacids Magnesium hydroxide is an ingredient in some antacids. Antacids react with excess hydrochloric acid in the stomach to relieve indigestion. a. Balance the reaction of Mg(OH)2 with HCl. Mg(OH)2 + 2HCl MgCl2 + 2H2O b. Write the mole ratio that would be used to determine the number of moles of MgCl2 produced when HCl reacts with Mg(OH)2. 1 mol MgCl2 / 1 mol Mg(OH)2 OR 1 mol MgCl2 / 2 mol HCl
7 Mass Production (an analogy ) 2-L bottles of soda100,000 bottles per orderBest case scenario, how many liters of soda should be “batched” at a time?200,000 L
8 Thinking like a chemist… “Balanced Chemical Equation”Mole RatioConversion
9 The basics of stoichiometric conversions… Best Case Scenario = Balanced Chemical Eqn.The mole ratio is the missing link between the best case scenario (balanced chemical equation in moles) and reality (in grams).DETERMINE mole ration FROM THE BALANCED EQUATION3 types of conversionsmole to molemole to massmass to massUse molar mass (MM) to convert between moles and mass.For all of them, GO TO MOLES FIRST!
10 3 groups – 3 reactions https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oqMN3y8k9So https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mx5JJWI2aawhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x2BXuI52fOI
11 3 groups – 3 problems Determine what type of conversion mole to molemole to massmass to massWork through the problem to solve it.Outline the steps to solve this type of problem.Be prepared to teach it to your classmates.
12 Summary – Determine given and unknown, then… moles given tomoles unknownmole give tomass unknownmass given to1. Balance chemical equation.2. Determine and use the mole ratio to relate moles unknown to moles given.2. Convert mass given to moles given using molar mass.3. Convert moles unknown to mass using molar mass.3. Determine and use the mole ratio to relate moles unknown to moles given.4. Convert moles unknown to mass unknown using molar mass.= moles given x (moles unknown/moles known)= moles given x (moles unknown/moles known) x (MM unknown/1mole)= mass given x (1mole/MM) x (moles unknown/moles known) x (MM unknown/1 mole)
13 Groups 1 & 2Potassium metal reacts vigorously with water to produce potassium hydroxide and hydrogen gas. If moles of potassium is used, how many moles of hydrogen gas is created?
14 Groups 3 & 4Determine the mass of sodium chloride (NaCl) commonly called table salt, produced when 1.25 moles of chlorine gas (Cl2) reacts vigorously with excess sodium.
15 Groups 5 & 6Gasohol is a mixture of gasoline and ethanol. Determine the mass of CO2 produced from the combustion of g ethanol (C2H5OH).