Presentation on theme: "EXPERIENCE OF USING LASER DRILLED S.S. SCREENS AT"— Presentation transcript:
1EXPERIENCE OF USING LASER DRILLED S.S. SCREENS AT CHAUDHRY SUGAR MILLS
2INTRODUCTIONpurity of final molasses is one of the most important parameters in controlling the losses of sugar during processing.In this paper, we will concentrate on the effect of using different type of screens on final molasses purity.
3Normally Chrome coated Nickel screen of 0 Normally Chrome coated Nickel screen of 0.06mm slot width are used at CFW centrifugals.Some Sugar Mills are also using Chrome coated Nickel screens of 0.04mm slot width, with an aim to reduce the final molasses purity.
4Nickel screens deform very quickly so that at least two screens per centrifugal per season have to be used.To solve this problem Stainless Screens have been developed in Australia which are being used in many countries of the world.
5WHAT IS A LASER DRILLED S.S. SCREENS It is a stainless steel screen on which the Chrome layer is electroplated. Stainless steel being a hard material, it is drilled with a laser beam.As a result the shape of the slot is oval, as compared to Nickel Screen in which case it is rectangular.
6This means that when we say that it is a 0 This means that when we say that it is a 0.06mm SS screen, this size is only in the middle of the slot, other parts of the slot will be smaller in size. In case of a Nickel Screen the slot size will be uniform.
8MATERIAL & METHODSA laser drilled Chrome plated SS screen of slot size 0.06X2.67mm, with an open area of 6.5% was installed in one of the CFW centrifugal.a Chrome plated Nickel screen of slot size 0.04x2.68mm with an open Area of 9 % was installed in the next centrifugal.
9RESULTS (Table 1) CHAUDHRY SUGAR MILLS LIMITED GOJRA PERFORMANCE COMPARISON OF LASER DRILLED S.S. SCREENVSCHROME NICKLE SCREENSr.#DescriptionLaser DrilledHard Chrome NickleRemarksScreenHCRDS Screen1Type of Centrifugal UsedK-1100Same2RPM of Centrifugal3Screen Open Area %6.59.74Slot size mm0.0590.04Slot size of laser screen islarger5Average Massecuite7.58.1Flow Rate T/HourHigher in the Ni Screen byabout 8%.6Curing Temperature Co49-50 Co7Average Molasses flow rate T / Hr.4.24.5Higher in the Ni Screenby about 7%.8Average Massecuit Purity purged52.88 o9Average C- Sugar Purity obtained80.0979.59Higher in the Lasser screenby about 0.5o.10Average Final Molasses Purity34.3835.01Lower from Lasser DrillScreen by about 0.63o.11Electric load on Centrifugal92-95 Ao
10DISCUSSIONThe purity of C- sugar purged from laser drilled screen is higher by about 0.5° as compared to the nickel screen.The purity of final molasses purged through laser drilled S.S. screen is lower by about 0.63° as compared to 0.04 mm chrome plated nickel screen.
11FINAL MOLASSES PURITIES COMPARISON (TABLE 2)FINAL MOLASSES PURITIESWEEK1st2nd3rd4th5th6th7thDate23/1 to 29/130/1 to 5/26/2 to 12/220/2 to 26/227/2 to 5/36/3 to 12/313/3 to 19/3Laser Screen32.9632.9232.634.7435.4935.6436.33Nickle screen33.3833.6533.3735.735.7636.2837.22Difference0.420.730.770.960.270.640.89Note: -1. Laser drill screen was fitted on and is still intact.2. Nickle screen was fitted on date It was replaced with new screen on due deformation and erosion of nickle polish.
12COMPARASION OF FINAL MOLASSES PURITIES LASER SCREEN VS Ni SCREEN (Fig. 1)CHOUDHRY SUGAR MILLSCOMPARASION OF FINAL MOLASSES PURITIES LASER SCREEN VS Ni SCREEN
13TREND OF FINAL MOLASSES PURITY DIFFERENCE (Fig. 2)TREND OF FINAL MOLASSES PURITY DIFFERENCEWITH TIME
14CONCLUSIONLaser drilled chrome plated S.S. screen has lower final molasses purity as compared to the Chrome plated nickel screen.C-sugar purged on laser screen has comparatively high purity.Losses of sugar in final molasses purged through chrome plated nickel screen increases with time due to removal of chrome layer from nickel screen.
15CONCLUSION (CONT.)Break down time of laser drill screen fitted machine is less due to no periodic replacement of the screen. Once a set of screen is fitted. It remains intact through out the season.Laser drilled chrome plated S.S. screen is cost effect due to its longer life. The manufacturer claims 3 seasons under Pakistan conditions. In our case the screen has been used for one season, there is no sign of deformation. The condition of the screen suggests that it can be used for at least one more season if not two.On the basis of Lower final Molasses purity and longer life, The cost benefit analysis shows a cost to benefit ratio of 1:8
16COST & BENEFITS ANALYSIS OF USING LASER SCREENS Annex 1COST & BENEFITS ANALYSIS OF USING LASER SCREENSFOR A TYPICAL 8OOO TCD MILLTECHNICAL RESULTSComparison of final molasses purity by using Laser Drilled Stainless Steel Screen Vs Nickle ScreensFigures at Chaudhary show an average difference of We are taking a difference of 0.50S. No Description1 Difference in F.M. PurityFINANCIAL CALCULATIONS2 Crushing Mds ,500,000.00Tons ,000.003 Type of Machine K 11004. No. of C-Fore Worker of machinesLaser screen sets required ( 1/2 set for eachCentrifugal because laserscreens last for 2 seasons) Sets
17Annex 1 (CONT.)6. Price of one set K1100 Screen US $ ,490.00in RS Rs ,768.007. Total cost of Laser Screens Rs ,009,304.008. Nikle Screen set required(2 set per centrifugals / Seasons ) Sets9. Cost of Nikle Screen Rs ,000.0010. Total Cost of Nikle Screens Rs ,000.0011. Difference in costs of screens Rs ,553,304.00Gain in recovery due to differencein Molasses purity % %13. Net increase in production due to gainin recoveryM Tons14. Price of Sugar Rs/Tons ,000.0015. Price of Sugar minus Sales Tax Rs/Tons ,185.1916. Increase in revenue due to extra sugar Rs 15,166,666.67
18Annex 1 (CONT.)17. Difference in cost of screens Rs 1,553,304.0018. Net gain by using Laser Screen Rs 13,613,362.6719. Cost Benefit Ratio (17) : (18) 1 : 8NOTE: -**Import duty etc, except Sales Tax.