3The logic model of the Payback Framework Impact Model: PaybackThe logic model of the Payback FrameworkHanney et al (2004)
4Social Impact Assessment Methods through Productive Interactions Impact Model: SIAMPISocial Impact Assessment Methods through Productive Interactions(EU-FP7 2010)
5Pathways to Impact: RCUK (2009-) Impact Model: RCUKPathways to Impact: RCUK (2009-)
6Impact Definition: ESRC Academic impact is the demonstrable contribution that excellent social and economic research makes to scientific advances, across and within disciplines, including significant advances in understanding, method, theory and application.Economic and societal impact is the demonstrable contribution that excellent social and economic research makes to society and the economy, of benefit to individuals, organisations and nations.
7Impact Definition: ESRC Instrumental: influencing the development of policy, practice or service provision, shaping legislation, altering behaviourConceptual: contributing to the understanding of policy issues, reframing debatesCapacity building: through technical and personal skill development.
8Impact Model: REFWhy the REF Impact Case Studies are so difficult to write(especially in the social sciences and humanities)Dunleavy (2012)
10Impact Definition: REF (Panel C) “The main panel acknowledges that impact within its remit may take many forms and occur in a wide range of spheres. These may include (but are not restricted to): creativity, culture and society; the economy, commerce or organisations; the environment; health and welfare; practitioners and professional services; public policy, law and services.”“The categories used to define spheres of impact… inevitably overlap and should not be taken as restrictive. Case studies may describe impacts which have affected more than one sphere.”
12Rules: REF Counterfactual? “‘Underpinned by’ means that the research made a distinct and material contribution to the impact taking place, such that the impact would not have occurred or would have been significantly reduced without the contribution of that research.”Disinterment?“Each case study must explain how (through what means) the research led to or contributed to the impact, and include appropriate sources of information external to the HEI to corroborate these claims.”
15REF: 6 Lessons Dissemination/pathways alone are not impact Difficult to tie impact to specific researchSome impacts are direct, others mediatedImpact is flexible – based on reach and significance, alongside a clear evidence trailNew models of social engagement and measurement may be requiredCorroboration is the glue, not the icing
16Embedding Impact Mapping relationships with stakeholders Reviewing traditional models of disseminationCharting subsidiary impacts through ongoing dialogueBalancing reach and significanceCritiquing the relationship between research quality and impactAssessing support requirementsDiscipline specificityAssistance with bidsCapturing data