Presentation on theme: "Utility Cost Takeout & Sustainability Where to start? Presenter - Ed Gagnon, CPE, CPMM, CEA 1."— Presentation transcript:
Utility Cost Takeout & Sustainability Where to start? Presenter - Ed Gagnon, CPE, CPMM, CEA 1
Sustainable Facility Management & Operations Sustainability is the ability to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future April 1987 Sustainable Facility Management is the process of integrating the people, place and business activities of an organization that optimizes economic, environmental and social benefits. Sustainable Operations is the ability to deliver products and services while achieving high levels of Environmental Performance, Waste Minimization & Energy Efficiency. 2
3 THE PLAN 1.Education and awareness 2.Audit 3.Evaluation 4.Where to start 5.Execute 1.Electricity 2.Fuel 3.Water 4.Sewer 6.Review 7.MY OPINION The steps to success
Brown Bag Training Sessions – Employee awareness, teaching about how to conserve, and why you should. – Handed out electrical conservation brochures from local utility providers – Handed out alternative and renewable energy brochures from local utility providers – Send out a global communication to all your employees – Have a continuously running conservation facts power point presentation – Giveaways - CFL’s - Brochures - Gift cards - Pens Earth Day/Arbor Day – Send out a global communication to all your employees – Giveaways - Small white trees plantings for every employee Energy Day – Send out a global communication to all your employees – Prizes, giveaways for those who bring their suggestions/ideas. – Sustainable, reusable mugs – Hand outs -53 WAYS TO CONSERVE ENERGY -TOP 10 THINGS THAT YOU CAN DO TO CONSERVE AT YOU BUSINESS -LOSE YOUR EXCUSE TOP 10 THINGS TO CONSERVE (FROM THE D.O.E) – Encouraging employees to conserve and giving them a list of simple things that they can do around the house and for their business. Education & Creating People Awareness We are doing this together to make a difference! 4
Decrease the usage of energy: Electrical, natural gas, oil and water Conserve Resources / Recycle & Stop Waste Use products made from recycled materials! Avoid use of large power consumption during peak periods Identify non-critical devices that can be turned off Consolidate the need for personal devices, i.e. coffee pots, etc.. Identify the infiltration of air through gaps and leaks Turn off the lights and Equipment Use NON-biodegradable materials wisely Use environmentally friendly products Set up suggestion boxes for employees to submit ideas for sustainable practices. Reward those ideas that are put into practice. We are doing this together to make a difference! 5 Education & Creating People Awareness Ask employees to contribute ideas and advocate for sustainable practices in their workplace and at home.
A different approach to sustainability -- THE AUDIT - Utility Cost Takeout (UCT) 6 1.Understand your utility bills 2.Review previous 12 months of utility bills 3.Prioritize the utility costs 1.Electricity 2.Fuel 3.Sewer 4.Water 4.The audit – room by room combat 5.Analysis 6.Plan 7.Execute 8.Review Plan, Plan, Plan
Variable Frequency Drives Building Management System Lighting CTRLS HVAC CTRLS Power Factor Correction High Efficiency Motor Upgrade Sustainable Design Solar Water Heater Photovoltaic Geothermal High Efficiency HVAC systems Air Compressor Upgrades Exhaust Systems VFD’s Lighting CTRLS HVAC CTRLS Motors PF correction Utility cost take out combat 100% ROOM BY ROOM APPROACHSTANDARD FACILITIES APPROACH UTILITY REDUCTION PERCENTAGE 50% Upgrade Fixtures Waste Heat Usage Time clock/ Motion Detect Bathroom Exhausts Roll Up Door Sensors Parking Lot Lighting Building Exterior Lighting Insulation / Gap Correction Demand control ventilation (DCV) Use heavy power consuming equipment off peak Purchase only high efficiency equipment and hand tools for production Audit Every Room For Energy Conservation Opportunities 7 UCT combat approach – the other 50%
UCT versus traditional cost savings approach Traditional Significant savings achieved with traditional approach Audit focus is typically conducted internal to the auditor’s organization for cost savings with minimal outreach or communications to other organizations. Facility management is traditionally in fire-fighting mode. Reacting to “customers‘” needs and day-to-day priorities (TACTICAL FOCUS). UCT Significant opportunities remain via UCT Combat and Lean Energy Kaizen collaboration with all building occupants. Improved outreach and engage all occupants relative to Green and Sustainability opportunities. Emphasizes the need to educate employees about reducing energy usage and why every company should have an Energy Policy / Program to facilitate additional Energy & Sustainability savings. Forces the need to assess priorities and free up skilled labor to support sustainability initiatives. Don’t let all the work that went into the audit die, because of the excuse there is no labor to make the energy saving corrections. 8 UCT – a proven approach
9 Don’t over analyze and get lost in numbers. The minimal analysis method Too many conservation plans end in failure because people get too caught up in the numbers. Keep the number basic to check simple payback numbers. Remember, you are going after the low hanging fruit. Leave the heavy number crunching to the consultants. That’s their expertise! General payback periods/ rules of thumb: 1.Switching out a 60 watt incandescent to a 15 watt CFL that is on 8 hours per day = ~7 week payback. 2.Switching from a 3 bulb 40 watt T12 fixture to a 2 bulb 28 watt T8 or T5 fixture running 24/7 = ~3 year payback 3.Setback temperature settings 2 to 4 degrees = 10 to 20% savings 4.Vending machine misers = ~1 year payback 5.180 degree F piping covered in 1-1/2” fiberglass insulation = ~1.3 year payback 6.Demand control ventilation = ~18 week payback 7.Just turning the device off = IMMEDIATE PAYBACK
Develop the test case and thoroughly document the results before instituting programs across the enterprise Include all available evaluation tools, such as the U.S. Green Building Council’s LEED® system and Energy Star. Involve all personnel and all facility areas in implementing the room-by-room approach Don’t over-analyze; if the payback is short, execute Transfer your best practices across the entire business/building. Utilize off-hour observations – a powerful tool! Develop your methodology to be able to easily and quickly determine value and payback for your actions Document, document, document - the savings. Harness the enthusiasm and power of your employees Don’t underestimate the employee educational component of the program Advertise the results of your program and seek internal and external recognition for your efforts 10 Utility Conservation that can be done at any site Universal opportunities to save
ELECTRICAL CFL Installation - get rid of incandescent and halogen bulbs. T12 and higher wattage T8 fixtures - go to25w T8 Installation, or to T5’s Check out LED fixtures for high maintenance cost applications Garage Door Sensors – tied into HVAC systems Motion detect bathroom lighting and exhausts together Motion / Time clock large fields of lighting (Conference rooms, and Mayor Offices etc.) Install an Energy Management System (EMS). EMS – what’s in the name? Switch from electric humidifiers to water atomizers Install CFL exterior wall pack (watch the lumens & photometrics) Fix all compressed air leaks. Compressed air is the most expensive “utility” a company has. Install Vending Misers on bottled soda machines. Removal of un-used and underutilized appliances. Switch to Energy Star appliances. A refrigerator someone brought into work that dates from the 70’s can use 6 times the power of a new Energy Star refrigerator. Utility Conservation that can be done at any site It works at every site! 11
ELECTRICAL - continued Scheduling - lighting, HVAC, exterior lighting, exhaust (watch out for code compliance) Sleep Modes – television sleep mode computer/monitor sleep modes Meter all sites (building separately, electrically ) Smart Power Strips Time clock non-critical exhaust systems All new AC systems should have a high SEER rating, >13. Check with utility before you buy! Don’t loose the rebate. Demand control ventilation – this is a big winner. Lower lighting levels?? Clean during the day. Retro-commissioning equipment FUEL Insulate steam, condensate and hot water piping. Don’t forget domestic hot water lines made with copper. Heating system cleaning and tuning. Shut off heating system when demand is met. Why idle all day???? Buy local. Utility Conservation that can be done at any site It works at every site! 12
SEWER and WATER Water flow restrictors on faucets (<1 gpm) and showerheads (<2.5 gpm) Irrigation seasonal and runtime cutbacks. Don’t water too early in the season, or too late. June through mid September for New England) Install ground moisture sensors for irrigations control. Only irrigate late at night. Foot pedal controls on commercial kitchen sink faucets. Install low flow urinals, 1/8 th gpf (one pint per flush). Meter your cooling tower makeup water and blow down water flow. Change toilets to new water efficient ones. Fix leaks. Insulate cold water lines. Utility Conservation that can be done at any site It works at every site! 13
Annual Value of 1/10 of an hour for a 250 workday year VALUE OF 1/10 (time off) 0.125 hours 0.250 hours 0.375 hours 0.4100 hours 0.5125 hours 0.6150 hours 0.7175 hours 0.8200 hours 0.9225 hours 1250 hours A little more “time off” = $ saved! 14
15 What’s next and who to talk to #1 Talk to your utility for conservation tips and information about rebate programs right up front at the start of your conservation program. Don’t loose out on their expertise and minimum requirements to qualify for a rebate program. #2 Check local building and energy codes so changes you make meet the law. #3 Do the easy stuff first before you hire an energy consultant. Why pay someone to tell you to change out your old incandescent light bulbs, or to fix a leaking faucet. #4 Record everything you did. Then when you hire an energy consultant, show them what you did. You will get a higher value product from the consultant. #5 Do your research. Some consultants specialize in commercial buildings, some in industrial buildings and some only residential structures. Get references and check them out. Check out the BBB and Attorney General’s website for complaints.