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Contemporary Engineering Economics, 4 th edition, © 2007 Initial Project Screening Method - Payback Period Lecture No.15 Chapter 5 Contemporary Engineering.

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Presentation on theme: "Contemporary Engineering Economics, 4 th edition, © 2007 Initial Project Screening Method - Payback Period Lecture No.15 Chapter 5 Contemporary Engineering."— Presentation transcript:

1 Contemporary Engineering Economics, 4 th edition, © 2007 Initial Project Screening Method - Payback Period Lecture No.15 Chapter 5 Contemporary Engineering Economics Copyright © 2006

2 Contemporary Engineering Economics, 4 th edition, © 2007 Chapter Opening Story

3 Contemporary Engineering Economics, 4 th edition, © 2007 Ultimate Questions Municipalities’ Point of View:  Would there be enough new revenues from installing the expensive parking monitoring devices?  How many devices could be installed to maximize the revenue streams? Manufacturer's Point of View:  Would there be enough demand for their product to justify the investment required in new facilities and marking?  What would be the potential financial risk if the actual demand is far less than its forecast or adoption of technology is too slow?

4 Contemporary Engineering Economics, 4 th edition, © 2007 Bank Loan vs. Investment Project

5 Contemporary Engineering Economics, 4 th edition, © 2007 Payback Period  Principle: How fast can I recover my initial investment?  Method: Based on the cumulative cash flow (or accounting profit)  Screening Guideline: If the payback period is less than or equal to some specified payback period, the project would be considered for further analysis.  Weakness: Does not consider the time value of money

6 Contemporary Engineering Economics, 4 th edition, © , , , , , Years (n) 3.2 years Payback period $85,000 $15,000 $25,000 $35,000 $45,000 $35, Years Annual cash flow Cumulative cash flow ($)

7 Contemporary Engineering Economics, 4 th edition, © 2007 Discounted Payback Period  Principle: How fast can I recover my initial investment plus interest?  Method: Based on the cumulative discounted cash flow  Screening Guideline: If the discounted payback period (DPP) is less than or equal to some specified payback period, the project would be considered for further analysis.  Weakness: Cash flows occurring after DPP are ignored

8 Contemporary Engineering Economics, 4 th edition, © 2007 Discounted Payback Period Calculation PeriodCash FlowCost of Funds (15%)* Cumulative Cash Flow 0-$85, ,000-$85,000(0.15) = -$12,750-82, ,000-$82,750(0.15) = -12,413-70, ,000-$70,163(0.15) = -10,524-45, ,000-$45,687(0.15) =-6,853-7, ,000-$7,540(0.15) = -1,13136, ,000$36,329(0.15) = 5,44976,778 * Cost of funds = (Unrecovered beginning balance) X (interest rate)

9 Contemporary Engineering Economics, 4 th edition, © 2007 Illustration of Discounted Payback Period

10 Contemporary Engineering Economics, 4 th edition, © 2007 Summary Payback periods can be used as a screening tool for liquidity, but we need a measure of investment worth for profitability.


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